Beauty & Style

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When someone dies, what happens to the body?

<p>Upwards of <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm">2.8 million people die</a> every year in the United States. As a funeral director who heads a university mortuary science program, I can tell you that while each individual’s life experiences are unique, what happens to a body after death follows a broadly predictable chain of events.</p> <p>In general, it depends on three things: where you die, how you die and what you or your family decide on for funeral arrangements and final disposition.</p> <p><strong>In death’s immediate aftermath</strong></p> <p>Death can happen anywhere: at home; in a hospital, nursing or palliative care facility; or at the scene of an accident, homicide or suicide.</p> <p>A medical examiner or coroner must investigate whenever a person dies unexpectedly while not under a doctor’s care. Based on the circumstances of the death, they determine whether an autopsy is needed. If so, the body travels to a county morgue or a funeral home, where a pathologist conducts a detailed internal and external examination of the body as well as toxicology tests.</p> <p>Once the body can be released, some states allow for families to handle the body themselves, but most people employ a funeral director. The body is placed on a stretcher, covered and transferred from the place of death – sometimes via hearse, but more commonly these days a minivan carries it to the funeral home.</p> <p>State law determines who has the authority to make funeral arrangements and decisions about the remains. In some states, you can choose during your lifetime how you’d like your body treated when you die. In most cases, however, decisions fall on surviving family or someone you appointed before your death.</p> <p><strong>Preparing the body for viewing</strong></p> <p>In a 2020 consumer survey conducted by the National Funeral Directors Association, 39.4% of respondents reported feeling it’s very important to have the <a href="https://www.census.gov/content/dam/Census/newsroom/press-kits/2018/jsm/jsm-presentation-pop-projections.pdf">body or cremated remains present</a> at a funeral or memorial service.</p> <p>To prepare for that, the funeral home will usually ask whether the body is to be embalmed. This process sanitizes the body, temporarily preserves it for viewing and services, and restores a natural, peaceful appearance. Embalming is typically required for a public viewing and in certain other circumstances, including if the person died of a communicable disease or if the cremation or burial is to be delayed for more than a few days.</p> <p>When the funeral director begins the embalming process, he places the body on a special porcelain or stainless steel table that looks much like what you’d find in an operating room. He washes the body with soap and water and positions it with the hands crossed over the abdomen, as you’d see them appear in a casket. He closes the eyes and mouth.</p> <p>Next the funeral director makes a small incision near the clavicle, to access the jugular vein and carotid artery. He inserts forceps into the jugular vein to allow blood to drain out, while at the same time injecting embalming solution into the carotid artery via a small tube connected to the embalming machine. For every 50 to 75 pounds of body weight, it takes about a gallon of embalming solution, largely made up of formaldehyde. The funeral director then removes excess fluids and gases from the abdominal and thoracic cavities using an instrument called a trocar. It works much like the suction tube you’ve experienced at the dentist.</p> <p>Next the funeral director sutures any incisions. He grooms the hair and nails and again washes the body and dries it with towels. If the body is emaciated or dehydrated, he can inject a solution via hypodermic needle to plump facial features. If trauma or disease has altered the appearance of the deceased, the embalmer can use wax, adhesive and plaster to recreate natural form.</p> <p>Lastly, the funeral director dresses the deceased and applies cosmetics. If the clothing provided does not fit, he can cut it and tuck it in somewhere that doesn’t show. Some funeral homes use an airbrush to apply cosmetics; others use specialized mortuary cosmetics or just regular makeup you might find at a store.</p> <p><strong>Toward a final resting place</strong></p> <p>If the deceased is to be cremated without a public viewing, many funeral homes require a member of the family to identify him or her. Once the death certificate and any other necessary authorizations are complete, the funeral home transports the deceased in a chosen container to a crematory. This could be onsite or at a third-party provider.</p> <p>Cremations are performed individually. Still in the container, the deceased is placed in the cremator, which produces very high heat that reduces the remains to bone fragments. The operator removes any metal objects, like implants, fillings and parts of the casket or cremation container, and then pulverizes the bone fragments. He then places the processed remains in the selected container or urn. Some families choose to keep the cremated remains, while others bury them, place them in a niche or scatter them.</p> <p>The year 2015 was the first year that the <a href="https://nfda.org/news/in-the-news/nfda-news/id/5223/2020-cremation-burial-projects-cremation-rate-of-87-by-2040">cremation rate exceeded the casketed burial rate</a> in the U.S., and the industry expects that trend to continue.</p> <p>When earth burial is chosen, the casket is usually placed in a concrete outer burial container before being lowered into the grave. Caskets can also be entombed in above-ground crypts inside buildings called mausoleums. Usually a grave or crypt has a headstone of some kind that bears the name and other details about the decedent.</p> <p>Some cemeteries have spaces dedicated to environmentally conscious “green” burials in which an unembalmed body can be buried in a biodegradable container. Other forms of final disposition are less common. As an alternative to cremation, the chemical process of alkaline hydrolysis can reduce remains to bone fragments. Composting involves placing the deceased in a vessel with organic materials like wood chips and straw to allow microbes to naturally break down the body.</p> <p>I’ve seen many changes over the course of my funeral service career, spanning more than 20 years so far. For decades, funeral directors were predominantly male, but now mortuary school enrollment nationwide is roughly 65% female. Cremation has become more popular. More people pre-plan their own funerals. Many Americans do not have a religious affiliation and therefore opt for a less formal service.</p> <p>Saying goodbye is important for those who remain, and I have witnessed too many families foregoing a ceremony and later regretting it. A dignified and meaningful farewell and the occasion to share memories and comfort each other <a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/26555297">honors the life of the deceased and facilitates healing</a> for family and friends.</p> <p><em>Written by Mark Evely. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/when-someone-dies-what-happens-to-the-body-143070">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

Beauty & Style

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Why gender reveals have spiraled out of control

<p>Over Labor Day weekend in the US, two expectant parents didn’t get the viral hit they had hoped for.</p> <p>During a gender reveal party in Southern California, a “smoke-generating pyrotechnic device” was supposed to simply reveal a color – pink for a girl, blue for a boy – before a crowd of onlookers.</p> <p>Instead, it <a href="https://www.cnn.com/2020/09/08/us/el-dorado-fire-gender-reveal-update-trnd/index.html">sparked a wildfire</a> that has scorched more than 10,000 acres of land.</p> <p><a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=cYOUU4EAAAAJ&amp;hl=en">As a sociologist</a> who studies how social media is used to navigate gender, identity and life transitions, I’ve watched gender reveal parties become their own mini-industry over the past decade.</p> <p>The increasingly extravagant parties – fueled by a quest for unique, viral stunts – reflect some of the new bizarre <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305117707192">pressures parents face</a> in our “<a href="https://econreview.berkeley.edu/paying-attention-the-attention-economy/">attention economy</a>.”</p> <p><strong>Guesswork gives way to certainty</strong></p> <p>Gendering children prior to birth is a unique phenomenon of the 20th century.</p> <p>That doesn’t mean parents-to-be didn’t try to make predictions; for centuries, some looked to <a href="https://www.livescience.com/45582-boy-or-girl.html">folklore</a>. “Carrying low” – or having a <a href="https://www.verywellfamily.com/concerns-about-your-pregnant-belly-2759765">baby bump</a> closer to the pelvis – was supposed to mean that the mother would likely give birth to a boy. If the mother found herself craving sweets, that meant a girl was on the way. The baby’s sex was officially announced at birth, and gender reveals happened in postcards, church bulletins or local newspaper listings.</p> <p>In 1958, a team of Scottish physicians <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3987368/">conducted</a> what’s believed to be the first fetal ultrasound. However, sex identification via ultrasound wasn’t widely practiced in American hospitals until the late-1970s. Only then were advances in the technology able to produce high-quality portraits of babies. By the 1990s, iconic gray-scale images tagged with body parts became the norm. Expectant parents displayed sonograms on home refrigerators and called loved ones to share the news, but there wasn’t the pageantry of a big reveal.</p> <p><strong>Performing parenthood in the digital age</strong></p> <p>It wasn’t until the proliferation of social media platforms that parties centered on the revelation of a baby’s sex became commonplace.</p> <p>In 2008, blogger Jenna Karvunidis cut into a cake at a party with her family. Inside the cake was pink frosting, revealing to everyone in the room that she would be having a girl. Her blog post about the party <a href="https://www.npr.org/2019/07/28/745990073/woman-who-popularized-gender-reveal-parties-says-her-views-on-gender-have-change">went viral</a>. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/09589236.2017.1287066">The modern gender reveal</a> was born.</p> <p>Most involve a gathering of family and friends who weigh in with their predictions before the moment of the big reveal. The parents-to-be cut a custom cake, pop a confetti-filled balloon or set off a glitter bomb that will reveal gender-stereotyped pink or blue. <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vc2ArWcZ7o">Guests cheer</a>. <a href="https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=267082260877800">The couple kisses</a>. Cameras capture it all.</p> <p>Social media fueled an uptick in gender reveals with the launch of visual platforms like Pinterest and Instagram in 2010. These platforms have inspired parents to participate in “<a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/15405702.2016.1223300">sharenting</a>” – in which parents post photos and stories about their children – and to use social media as a how-to manual for <a href="https://www.doi.org/10.1086/695700">navigating the challenges</a> of parenting.</p> <p>What were once intimate rituals among loved ones are now shared publicly for friends and strangers alike.</p> <p>But how, in just over a decade, did gender reveals go from pink icing in a cake to fireworks and wildfires?</p> <p><strong>How to thrive in the attention economy</strong></p> <p>On social media, the more unique, absurd, gripping or funny the image, the more likely it is to go viral. Everyday people who figure out how to tap the right algorithmic veins can become <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/19392397.2016.1218292">microcelebrities</a>, while babies can capture the limelight as “<a href="http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/76135/">micro-microcelebrities</a>” before they’re even born. Some parents give their future children custom hashtags. Others give them their own social media accounts.</p> <p>The idea is to tap into the lucrative <a href="https://read.dukeupress.edu/public-culture/article-abstract/27/1%20(75)/137/31071/Instafame-Luxury-Selfies-in-the-Attention-Economy?redirectedFrom=fulltext">attention economy</a>, which uses the currency of views, shares and likes to monetize life experiences. Merely having a child is not exciting enough for the internet; the child needs to come into the world surrounded by shock and awe.</p> <p>For a gender reveal stunt, parents might <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-43568628">wrangle alligators</a>, kick exploding <a href="https://youtu.be/Q0wvvq1kz7Y?t=20">footballs</a>, shoot <a href="https://youtu.be/vQ6o2WOnsRU?t=15">clay pigeons</a> or <a href="https://www.instagram.com/p/ByDkugzHg7r/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=embed_video_watch_again">jump from airplanes</a> – ceremonies that can be more reflective of the parents’ identities, hobbies and <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/19392397.2016.1218292">online brand</a> than anything to do with a baby.</p> <p>Ultimately, these increasingly outlandish gender reveals align perfectly with the values of an <a href="https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&amp;lr=&amp;id=kZAWAAAAQBAJ&amp;oi=fnd&amp;pg=PA274&amp;dq=always+on+social+media&amp;ots=WRDE99gHwb&amp;sig=zoglp8TPGkBBOtTELauik8bXALQ#v=onepage&amp;q=always%20on%20social%20media&amp;f=false">always-on</a> digital consumer culture that is always <a href="https://www.doi.org/10.1080/15295036.2017.1394582">scrolling</a> for the next best thing.</p> <p><strong>The rise of gender reveal capitalism</strong></p> <p>Meanwhile, a booming industry promoting and encouraging gender reveals has emerged.</p> <p>Custom cakes, <a href="https://www.partycity.com/baby-shower-gender-reveal">themed party supplies</a>, confetti cannons, smoke bombs and t-shirts are designed to create the perfect Instagram post. Celebrity and influencer gender reveals are vehicles for <a href="https://www.essence.com/love/danielle-brooks-a-little-bit-pregnant-netflix-having-a-girl/">brand sponsorships</a>, <a href="https://www.today.com/parents/jessica-alba-enlists-daughters-cute-gender-reveal-baby-no-3-t118015">product placements</a> and media coverage.</p> <p>The marketplace even adapted to the coronavirus pandemic by offering “It’s a girl” <a href="https://www.etsy.com/listing/829866847/baby-shower-masks-cute-baby-shower-gift">masks</a>, “It’s a boy” <a href="https://www.etsy.com/listing/209713934/gender-reveal-party-favor-labels-gender">hand sanitizers</a> and even <a href="https://genderrevealgame.com/">gender reveal games</a> that can be played virtually.</p> <p>Parents, particularly mothers, already face intense scrutiny and cultural expectations of “<a href="https://www.doi.org/10.1177/0093650214534969">ideal motherhood</a>,” whether it’s the decision to breastfeed, have a “natural birth” or go back to work. Whether or not to have a gender reveal has become yet another “choice” that expectant parents must make.</p> <p>Even the decision not to have a gender reveal becomes a form of social media currency. For example, social media influencer Iskra Lawrence <a href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B58JPJiAqtq/">announced on Instagram</a> that she would not have a gender reveal – and included sponsored links to a clothing brand in the post.</p> <p>Gender reveals are sometimes <a href="https://www.vox.com/the-goods/2019/7/31/20708816/gender-reveal-party-social-media-game-pink-blue-fire">sneered at</a> for <a href="http://pcasite.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/PCA_v.70.3_SOI.GR_2014.pdf#page=51">reinforcing a gender binary</a>, encouraging wasteful extravagance and creating very real <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-50207452">safety hazards</a>.</p> <p>But distilling a gender reveal party down to the <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1350506815576602">foolish choices</a> of expectant parents ignores the cultural and economic forces that shape these decisions. It allows us to mock individuals for their parenting decisions rather than criticize the attention economy for having incentivized these reveals.</p> <p>We have the excesses of capitalism <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/18/ending-climate-change-end-capitalism">to thank</a> for a rapidly changing climate that has <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/09/climate/nyt-climate-newsletter-california-wildfires.html">worsened fires raging throughout the American West</a>.</p> <p>Is a fire burning thanks to a gender reveal party fueled by anything different?</p> <p><em>Written by Jenna Drenten. Republished with permission <a href="https://theconversation.com/why-gender-reveals-have-spiraled-out-of-control-145909">of The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

Beauty & Style

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Nikki Webster and daughter celebrate 20th anniversary of Sydney Olympics

<div class="post_body_wrapper"> <div class="post_body"> <div class="body_text "> <p>Nikki Webster made headlines when she performed at the opening ceremony of the Sydney Olympics and 20 years on has decided to share what the experience was like.</p> <p>“There was no written book on how to do it right. We just kind of went with it. Took the experience for what it was and that,” she explained.</p> <p>“I got to be immersed with so many different people from around the world, I got to make music and clothing ranges and do so much,” she added.</p> <p>The 33-year-old recently shared with <em>news.com.au </em>just how stressful the opening night ceremony was.</p> <p>“The only thing I was nervous about was being able to fly, because that was a major part of it,” she said.</p> <p>“I think in two of the dress rehearsals the week before it was so windy that I couldn’t fly.</p> <p>“It wasn’t that I didn’t want to, but I wasn’t allowed to.</p> <p>“Then on the day I remember the wind picked up in the afternoon and I thought it wasn’t going to happen, but thankfully it did.”</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CFG8MJmnih_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/tv/CFG8MJmnih_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Nikki Webster (@nikkiwebsterofficial)</a> on Sep 14, 2020 at 12:25am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Webster was in a harness and was flown across the stadium for five minutes before landing and performing <em>Under The Southern Skies</em>.</p> <p>20 years on, she's now the proud mother of two kids, Skylah, 5 and Malachi, 2.</p> <p>To celebrate the anniversary of the Olympics with her family, she got out the pink floral dress that she wore on stage and was surprised her daughter could fit into it.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CD-1aronn-E/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CD-1aronn-E/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">20 years on from #Sydney2000 and I can no longer fit into the dress but someone else can!</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/nikkiwebsterofficial/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Nikki Webster</a> (@nikkiwebsterofficial) on Aug 17, 2020 at 12:19am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>She's also excited to show her children and husband Matthew McMah the entire opening ceremony at the Sydney Olympics.</p> <p>“I think she is ready to watch the whole thing,” she said.</p> <p>“To understand the culture of Australia, the deep sea dreaming, and how the whole thing was represented.”</p> </div> </div> </div>

Beauty & Style

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Does a face shield protect against COVID-19? We’re not sure — so a mask is probably a safer bet for now

<p>For several weeks, Victorians have been required to <a href="https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/face-coverings-covid-19">wear a face covering</a> when they leave home. And while we now have a clearer path out of lockdown, it’s likely masks will be around for a while.</p> <p>Meanwhile, people in <a href="https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/national/queensland/new-queensland-restrictions-in-force-as-mask-use-encouraged-20200830-p55qoq.html">other states</a> with outbreaks have been encouraged to wear masks, and some people are simply choosing to wear one as a precaution.</p> <p>But some people in the community, instead of opting for a traditional mask, are instead wearing a face shield.</p> <p>This might offer some degree of protection — but it’s probably not as good as a mask in preventing the spread of COVID-19.</p> <p><strong>Get your coronavirus updates from health experts.</strong></p> <p>Get newsletter</p> <p><strong>What is a face shield?</strong></p> <p>A face shield is a film made from plastic or other transparent material designed to be worn like a visor. It’s attached using a band that goes around the top of your head.</p> <p>Think of a visor a welder wears to protect themselves from sparks and injury. Health-care workers use face shields to block bodily fluids from coming into contact with their face, and potentially causing infection.</p> <p>It’s likely many people are choosing face shields during COVID-19 because they’re experiencing discomfort wearing a mask — whether glasses fogging up, irritation around the ears, or just that extra layer.</p> <p>The term “face covering”, as per the <a href="https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/face-coverings-covid-19">Victorian government’s guidelines</a>, is notably vague. It can include a face mask, a face shield, or a scarf or bandana.</p> <p>The <a href="https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/face-coverings-covid-19#what-does-wearing-a-face-covering-mean">department of health</a> does however recommend a mask over a face shield.</p> <p><strong>How effective are face shields?</strong></p> <p>A <a href="https://aip.scitation.org/doi/pdf/10.1063/5.0022968">letter</a>, published recently in the journal Physics of Fluids, reported on a laboratory experiment where scientists put face shields to the test.</p> <p>They simulated coughing by connecting the head of a mannequin to a fog machine, and then using a pump to expel the vapour through the mannequin’s mouth.</p> <p>They found that while face shields stopped the droplets being propelled forwards, aerosolised droplets — those much smaller in size — lingered at the bottom of the shield and floated around at the sides. They eventually spread approximately 90 centimetres from the mannequins.</p> <p>This is an interesting laboratory experiment, but not conclusive evidence face shields offer less protection than masks in the community.</p> <p>A lack of research on the effectiveness of face shields means it’s not possible to make any strong recommendations for or against their use.</p> <p><strong>Where does this leave us?</strong></p> <p>There’s a lot we still don’t know about this virus and how it spreads.</p> <p>At present, we believe <a href="https://www.health.gov.au/news/health-alerts/novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov-health-alert/what-you-need-to-know-about-coronavirus-covid-19">the virus is spread</a> generally through close contact with an infectious person, contact with the droplets emitted when they sneeze or cough, or contact with surfaces these droplets have contaminated.</p> <p>To establish an infection the virus enters your body through portals of entry: the mouth, nose and eyes.</p> <p>Wearing a mask is intended to protect others if you have the infection, by blocking the droplets coming out of your mouth and nose. We call this source control. To a degree — though we have <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/transmission-of-sars-cov-2-implications-for-infection-prevention-precautions">less evidence</a> on this front — it’s also likely to protect you, the wearer, by providing a physical barrier to your portals of entry.</p> <p>A face shield may offer an advantage in that it provides a physical barrier over all your portals of entry — your eyes as well as your mouth and nose. Shields may also reduce the frequency of the wearer touching their face, and have the added benefit of allowing the person’s face to be seen (if they’re not wearing a mask as well).</p> <p>However, as they’re not tight fitting, aerosols may still enter and exit around the outside of a face shield, where it’s not fitted in the same way a mask is. And we’re continuing to accumulate evidence about the possible role of aerosolised transmission in the spread of COVID-19, which the <a href="https://www.who.int/news-room/commentaries/detail/transmission-of-sars-cov-2-implications-for-infection-prevention-precautions">World Health Organisation</a> is closely monitoring.</p> <p><strong>Correct use is important too</strong></p> <p>Whatever face covering you choose, you must use it properly, and it must fit correctly.</p> <p>Having masks slung under the chin, hanging off one ear, or your nose poking out over the top of the mask will make them markedly less effective. And of course frequently touching and re-adjusting the mask means we’re possibly contaminating our hands too.</p> <p>If you don’t intend to wear a mask properly or you’re unable to, then a face shield is a better option. You can also wear mask and a face shield together, should you wish to.</p> <p>Like masks, there are a variety of face shields available, varying in quality and size. The <a href="https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/face-coverings-covid-19#what-does-wearing-a-face-covering-mean">department of health advise</a> if you wear a face shield it should cover “the wearer’s forehead to below the chin area and wrapping around the sides of the wearer’s face”.</p> <p>You should not share a face shield. If they’re labelled disposable, don’t reuse them. And if they are reusable you need to clean them regularly following the manufacturer’s instructions.</p> <p><strong>The upshot</strong></p> <p>Masks worn correctly are the best option. When wearing a mask is not possible, then a face shield is better than nothing. Neither will work well if not used properly, and importantly, they don’t replace physical distancing and hand hygiene.</p> <p><em>Written by Phillip Russo and Brett Mitchell. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/does-a-face-shield-protect-against-covid-19-were-not-sure-so-a-mask-is-probably-a-safer-bet-for-now-145547">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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The big thing Prince Harry changed about Meghan Markle

<p><span>When Meghan Markle stepped out in public with her new re-designed engagement ring after the birth of her son Archie, we weren’t sure why the sudden change had occurred.</span><br /><br /><span>However, according to the book Finding Freedom, it has now been revealed this was all Prince Harry's doing.</span><br /><br /><span>It's claimed that the Duke of Sussex had the plain gold band changed to the pave diamond style the royal wears today at the same time he created a bespoke eternity ring for his wife that he gifted her to mark their first wedding anniversary.</span></p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.2006319115324px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837766/meghan-ring-3-before.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/a5affb54973a42c68bf9df74bf11f498" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><em>Meghan engagement ring before Prince Harry altered it. </em><br /><br /><span>"On May 19, 2019, Harry also surprised his wife of one year with the gift of a ring that he had created with jeweller-to-the-stars Lorraine Schwartz, a favourite of Meghan's," the authors Omid Scobie and Carolyn Durand wrote.</span><br /><br /><span>"The conflict-free diamond eternity band paid homage to the family of three with Meghan's, Archie's and Harry's birthstones (peridot, emerald, and sapphire, respectively) on the underside of the ring."</span><br /><br /><span>The jeweller told the authors the "romantic" and "thoughtful" prince "wanted to make it special".</span><br /><br /><span>At the same time as he had the band made, Harry got Schwartz to re-size and reset her engagement ring.</span></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837769/meghan-ring-after-2.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/4ab27702837841afaf1e4f92e6a5923c" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><em>Meghan engagement ring before Prince Harry altered it. </em><br /><br /><span>While the reason behind this change has not explicitly stated, it seems that the Duke of Sussex did it so the two rings that sat either side of Meghan’s welsh gold band would match.</span><br /><br /><span>The first engagement ring of the former American actress was a plain gold band with three large diamonds.</span><br /><br /><span>The largest ring of the trio is the centre stone, which was sourced from Botswana, where the couple shared their first holiday together.</span><br /><br /><span>The two smaller stones on either side are from Princess Diana's personal collection.</span></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837768/meghan-ring-after.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/28f0e5d6ed584bdba0661dc7e0f0d906" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><em>Meghan engagement ring after Prince Harry altered it. </em><br /><br /><span>During their engagement interview with the BBC, Prince Harry revealed more details behind the ring.</span><br /><br /><span>"The ring is obviously yellow gold because that's [Meghan's] favourite and the main stone itself I sourced from Botswana, and the little diamonds either side are from my mother's jewellery collection, to make sure that she's with us on this crazy journey together."</span></p>

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Do we still need a national opera company as COVID wreaks havoc in the performing arts?

<p>Anyone looking for evidence of just how devastating the COVID-19 pandemic has been to Australia’s performing arts industry need look no further than its flagship company, Opera Australia.</p> <p>Only last year it was <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/entertainment/opera/opera-australia-coffers-swelled-by-45m-in-bequests-20190502-h1e0tk.html">boasting an operating surplus</a>. Last month, however, Chief Executive Rory Jeffes announced an organisational restructure, which <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/culture/opera/opera-australia-to-be-taken-to-fair-work-over-redundancies-20200903-p55s4p.html">the industry union claims could result in up to 25% of permanent staff</a> losing their jobs.</p> <p>The aim of this restructure, <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/culture/opera/opera-australia-sells-up-to-stem-losses-caused-by-pandemic-20200821-p55o7j.html">employees were told</a>, was to better align the organisation to the changing environment of COVID-19 with a new operating model. But what, exactly, should that model be?</p> <p>Certainly, redundancies were inevitable. Jeffes had already called <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/link/follow-20170101-p55gof">an abrupt end to the company’s 2020 season</a>. Even where governments have allowed entertainment venues slowly to reopen, the economics of “socially distanced” opera going simply do not support the budget models of old.</p> <p><strong>Join 130,000 people who subscribe to free evidence-based news.</strong></p> <p>Get newsletter</p> <p>The Media, Entertainment &amp; Arts Alliance, however, has described the proposed changes as “<a href="https://www.limelightmagazine.com.au/news/union-dubs-opera-australia-redundancies-a-disgrace/">a disgrace</a>”, citing a lack of staff consultation among other grievances. In response, <a href="https://www.limelightmagazine.com.au/news/union-dubs-opera-australia-redundancies-a-disgrace/">a spokesperson for Opera Australia </a> said last week the 25% figure refers to administration staff only, and consultations are happening with employees in the rest of the organisation.</p> <p>The dispute, now before the <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/culture/opera/opera-australia-to-be-taken-to-fair-work-over-redundancies-20200903-p55s4p.html">Fair Work Commission</a>, will be followed with interest and concern across the industry. Opera Australia is Australia’s largest, and <a href="https://theconversation.com/does-opera-deserve-its-privileged-status-within-arts-funding-84761#:%7E:text=This%20amount%20was%20divided%20between,state%20government%20grants%20in%202016">most lavishly publicly funded</a> performing arts company and many livelihoods are at stake.</p> <p><strong>A city artform</strong></p> <p>Opera is especially exposed because it is so closely connected to the places where pandemics have the greatest impact — large cities. Opera is an urban art form par excellence. By the mid-19th century, it had become a principal medium through which burgeoning urban populations might hear and see stylised representations of their lives (albeit filtered through the lens of historical or mythic subjects). It’s not for nothing, for instance, that so many operatic heroines die of “<a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuberculosis_in_human_culture#Opera">consumption</a>”, a preeminently urban disease.</p> <p>Now, however, under the shadow of COVID-19, the future of the city itself is <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/nyc-dead-forever-heres-why-james-altucher/">under question</a>; the rise of video platforms like Zoom seems to make the necessity of “being there” no longer a necessity. This idea has been refuted by others who highlight <a href="https://www.nydailynews.com/opinion/ny-oped-i-moved-to-the-suburbs-and-lived-to-regret-it-20200904-zboer5sju5ak7ohpblbhow3q3e-story.html">the human yearning for togetherness</a>. The general manager of New York’s Metropolitan Opera, Peter Gelb, similarly has <a href="https://www.thejakartapost.com/life/2020/06/28/will-streaming-be-theaters-death-or-its-savior.html">said</a> that while it may be soothing to watch opera streamed at home, it is ultimately a “one dimensional experience”.</p> <p>Nevertheless, with theatres unable to return to full capacity for the indefinite future, and public funding bodies becoming strapped for cash, a return to anything like our pre-COVID operatic culture is unlikely. The current crisis does, however, offer a chance to think afresh about opera’s place (literally as well as figuratively) in our society.</p> <p>Do we now have an opportunity, as Michael Volpe, the director of London’s Opera Holland Park, has suggested, “for the opera ecology to remodel itself into something that’s more cost effective and fleet of foot”?</p> <p>Volpe calls for an “opera socialism”. What he is advocating is a return to something closer to opera’s own origins as a performance culture more directly connected to, and supported by, the local communities in which it is based.</p> <p><strong>Local, not global?</strong></p> <p>Until the pandemic hit, Opera Australia worked within an industry dominated by a global commerce in “star” singers, conductors, and directors, typically managed by a system of international artist agencies.</p> <p>Now that system is in a state of collapse. In recent weeks, two of the largest classical music agencies, the US-based <a href="https://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2020/08/29/business/ap-us-classical-agency-shuts.html">Columbia Artists Management</a> and the UK’s <a href="https://www.rhinegold.co.uk/classical_music/hazard-chase-ceases-trading-due-to-covid-19/">Hazard Chase</a> have announced they are shutting their doors.</p> <p>Is it now time for us to reconsider the need for a national opera company in turn? The economic impact of Opera Australia touring main-stage productions, even just to Melbourne, puts it under significant operational stress. But it also doesn’t allow the company to develop strong local connections outside its Sydney home.</p> <p>A fully decentralised model might, in fact, be better able to support the operatic “ecology”. Many smaller professional, semiprofessional, and amateur operatic companies already operate successfully in our major metropolitan centres with little or no public funding.</p> <p>They are also currently much more likely than Opera Australia to mount productions of new Australian operas, or works outside the mainstream repertoire.</p> <p>While Opera Australia’s Artistic Director Lyndon Terracini said back in 2014 that he was <a href="https://www.theaustralian.com.au/arts/stage/opera-must-become-more-accessible-in-order-to-survive/news-story/413b300efa92d94e7ae3e31de911dd90">“desperate to create new work that is relevant to a significant audience,”</a> he also conceded the company’s operating model does not give it the financial resources to do more than produce mostly a narrow range of traditional works, supplemented by productions of commercial musical theatre.</p> <p>Maybe it is now time for both federal and state governments to consider focusing more on a civic based or “ground-up” institutional foundation for opera rather than sustaining a nationally based “top-down” one.</p> <p>The 2016 <a href="https://www.arts.gov.au/sites/default/files/national_opera_review_final_report.pdf">National Opera Review</a> ducked considering such a possibility. But a new <a href="https://www.aph.gov.au/Parliamentary_Business/Committees/House/Communications/Arts/Terms_of_Reference">parliamentary inquiry</a> into Australia’s creative and cultural industries and institutions is underway. Now is the opportunity for us to contemplate a new place, and indeed new places, for opera in Australia.</p> <p><em>Written by Peter Tregear. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/as-covid-wreaks-havoc-in-the-performing-arts-do-we-still-need-a-national-opera-company-145461">The Conversation.</a></em></p>

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Sarah Ferguson’s intimate underwear confession

<p>Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson’s marriage was plagued by high-profile problems. </p> <p>With one scandal after another, it’s a surprise the pair managed to maintain a close bond throughout it all.</p> <p>When the Prince announced his engagement to a “commoner” in 1986, the world reacted with excitement and Fergie was considered a great match by all including the Queen.</p> <p>But the adoration slowly started dwindling, after constant comparisons to the late Princess Diana.</p> <p>"She was often contrasted with Diana and in those early days Sarah came out of the contrast rather well, " explained Tom Quinn, author of <em>Kensington Palace: An Intimate Memoir</em>.</p> <p>"Diana was often seen as rather pale and wilting, this delicate flower, whereas Fergie was robust."</p> <p>And as she took charge of her royal responsibilities, she started to feel the pressure after she was branded as rebellious and unsophisticated. </p> <p>"All of [Sarah's] natural charm that had been celebrated initially began to be seen as rather unsophisticated and inappropriate," said historian Dr Anna Whitelock.</p> <p>It didn’t help her case when she made an intimate confession about her underwear that caused a stir.</p> <p>Fergie landed herself in hot water when she raved about her designer French clothing at a reception before joking to the press she was "wearing Marks and Spencer knickers".</p> <p>"This is not what you're expecting the Duchess of York to say. And remember the previous Duchess of York had been the Queen Mother," explained journalist and broadcaster Eva Pollard.</p> <p>"You're talking about a changing view of the royal family. The culture changing. They slipped down from the pedestal.</p> <p>The incident did not go down well, as some believed Fergie was influencing Diana in a bad way.</p> <p>Dr Anna Whitelock said: "There was a sense Fergie liked to have fun and play jokes.</p> <p>"But actually it began to wear rather thin and she was seen increasingly as a bad unsophisticated influence on Diana and Prince Andrew and something of a loose cannon."</p> <p>Fergie and Andrew split in 1992 and were divorced by 1996. </p> <p>Sarah was not allowed to use the title Her Royal Highness by August of that year</p>

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Toothpaste epidemic? Wealthier New Zealanders are more likely to buy fluoride-free

<p>Tooth decay has been described as a neglected <a href="https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal-articles/severe-early-childhood-caries-a-modern-neglected-epidemic">epidemic</a> in New Zealand however, our recent <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41415-020-1304-5?proof=t">research</a> suggests many people are unaware they are contributing to the problem by choosing a fluoride-free or “natural” toothpaste.</p> <p>The 2016 <a href="https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(17)32154-2/fulltext#seccestitle70">Global Burden of Disease Study</a> shows dental decay is the most prevalent health condition globally, affecting 2.4 billion people.</p> <p>While oral health has generally <a href="https://www.health.govt.nz/publication/our-oral-health-key-findings-2009-new-zealand-oral-health-survey">improved</a> in New Zealand, dental decay remains the most widespread <a href="https://www.health.govt.nz/publication/our-oral-health-key-findings-2009-new-zealand-oral-health-survey">chronic and irreversible disease</a>.</p> <p>Failure to prevent oral diseases comes at significant personal and economic cost. In <a href="https://www.health.govt.nz/system/files/documents/publications/our-oral-health-2010.pdf">New Zealand</a>, the cost of treatment of dental diseases is more than NZ$1.1 billion each year. Poor oral health is also linked to lost time at school and <a href="https://jada.ada.org/article/S0002-8177(18)30687-1/fulltext#:%7E:text=Results%20from%20meta%2Danalyses%20indicated,interval%2C%201.24%20to%201.63">poorer school performance</a>, absences from work and a <a href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28581891/">lower quality of life</a>.</p> <p>Hear from them</p> <p><strong>Rates of tooth decay in childhood</strong></p> <p>Earlier New Zealand research <a href="https://www.health.govt.nz/publication/our-oral-health-key-findings-2009-new-zealand-oral-health-survey">shows</a> only two in five children and two in three adults brush their teeth twice daily with fluoride toothpaste.</p> <p>Our <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41415-020-1304-5?proof=t">study</a> was the first investigation of the use of non-fluoride toothpaste in a large, nationally representative sample of both adults and children. We wanted to find out which segments of the population are drawn to using non-fluoride toothpaste.</p> <p>We analysed data from the most recent <a href="https://www.health.govt.nz/nz-health-statistics/health-statistics-and-data-sets/oral-health-data-and-stats">New Zealand Health Survey</a>, which was the first to include a question about the use of “natural” toothpastes.</p> <p>Our research found that 6-7% of all children and adults now use a “natural” or non-fluoride toothpaste. The study shows the highest use in moderately and more affluent population groups and middle-aged (35-44 years) people. We found the highest number of non-fluoride toothpaste users (both children and adults) were in the moderate to least deprived areas.</p> <p>Our findings support <a href="https://www.stuff.co.nz/life-style/parenting/110665418/parents-confused-about-kids-toothpaste-could-lead-to-more-tooth-decay-dentists-warn">prior</a> concerns of dentists, particularly about tooth decay in children. A <a href="https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal-articles/dental-caries-and-previous-hospitalisations-among-preschool-children-findings-from-a-population-based-study-in-new-zealand">recent study</a> shows 38% of five-year-olds had rotting teeth in 2017. Rates were even higher among Māori and Pacific children compared to other ethnicities. The New Zealand Dental Association has <a href="https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/health/108101758/natural-toothpaste-will-lead-to-epidemic-of-dental-decay-dentists">warned</a> the increased popularity of non-fluoride toothpastes raises the risk.</p> <p>A recent <a href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007868.pub3/full">review</a> of the world’s best available evidence shows toothpastes with fluoride are clearly more effective in preventing tooth decay than toothpastes without it. It means using non-fluoride toothpaste, often labelled as “natural”, raises the risk of future dental problems.</p> <p><strong>Misleading marketing and confusing messages</strong></p> <p>There is little evidence as to why people choose non-fluoride toothpastes. This is especially perplexing given the vast body of evidence in support of fluoride as a prevention of tooth decay.</p> <p>One plausible explanation is that people think they are doing the “right thing” by choosing a “natural” option. Another more likely reason is that it is difficult to know whether a toothpaste contains fluoride. Current packaging doesn’t always highlight clearly whether a toothpaste contains fluoride or how much. Even if it does show the fluoride concentration, this is often hidden in small text.</p> <p>In the future, better labelling on toothpaste tubes and packaging will help shoppers understand which toothpaste has fluoride. We also need to stop claims that “natural” toothpastes prevent tooth decay. The world’s <a href="https://www.cochranelibrary.com/cdsr/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD007868.pub3/full">best evidence</a> clearly shows non-fluoride toothpastes do not prevent tooth decay.</p> <p>Marketing is also often inconsistent with <a href="https://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/preventative-health-wellness/fluoride-and-oral-health">Ministry of Health recommendations</a>. Evidence shows that for the toothpaste to work it needs fluoride in it. Adults should use a pea-sized amount and younger children a smear of fluoride toothpaste, without swallowing it.</p> <p>In the future, it would also be helpful if supermarkets could help consumers make an informed choice by separating fluoride-containing from non-fluoride products. The bottom line is, if you want to avoid future trips to the dentist, your toothpaste should contain fluoride.</p> <p><em>Written by Matthew Hobbs. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/wealthier-new-zealanders-are-more-likely-to-buy-fluoride-free-toothpaste-making-a-tooth-decay-epidemic-worse-143286">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Princess Beatrice's vintage wedding dress has a new home

<p>The vintage dress worn by Princess Beatrice on her wedding dress has a new home.</p> <p>The dress is going on public display at Windsor Castle, which was announced by royal reporter Richard Palmer.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">Princess Beatrice’s wedding dress, first worn by the Queen in the 1960s, will go on public display at Windsor Castle from September 24.</p> — Richard Palmer (@RoyalReporter) <a href="https://twitter.com/RoyalReporter/status/1302895816248569856?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">September 7, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>The dress itself was borrowed from Queen Elizabeth's private collection and was worn by the Queen herself back in 1962.</p> <p>An insider told <a rel="noopener" href="https://people.com/royals/princess-beatrice-made-a-last-minute-request-to-borrow-the-queens-dress-for-her-wedding-gown/" target="_blank" class="_e75a791d-denali-editor-page-rtflink"><em>People</em></a> the bride had a "change of heart" over her dress ahead of her wedding.</p> <p>The royal bride-to-be then made a request to borrow a gown from the Queen's wardrobe, which was "kindly granted" by the monarch.</p> <p>"It was touching for both of them," the insider said.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CC3bPdjFw62/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CC3bPdjFw62/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Princess Eugenie (@princesseugenie)</a> on Jul 20, 2020 at 6:44am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Beatrice also borrowed a tiara from the Queen's collection, which is the Queen Mary Diamond Fringe tiara.</p> <p>The tiara was worn by Her Majesty when she married Prince Philip in 1947.</p> <p>Beatrice, 32, postponed her wedding so that her grandparents, who just so happen to be Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip, could attend the event.</p> <p>Just 20 people were invited to the ceremony, including the couple's parents and siblings and her husband Eduardo Mopelli Mozzi's four-year-old son "Wolfie".</p> <p>Windsor Castle is currently open to the public, with tickets available online.</p>

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Salma Hayek shows off bikini body at 54

<p>Salma Hayek has celebrated 54 with a birthday swimsuit post.</p> <p>The mum-of-one struck a pose in a classic, black, halter-neck swimsuit which she paired with a sarong and wide-brimmed hat.</p> <p>Salma - who is currently vacationing in Greece – shared the picture to Instagram a day before she turned 54.</p> <p>"Guess who’s turning 54 tomorrow?” she captioned the post.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEmkXHlDA5J/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEmkXHlDA5J/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Salma Hayek Pinault (@salmahayek)</a> on Sep 1, 2020 at 10:39am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>"By the way, this is not a Throwback Thursday! Thank you Marjo for turning into a photographer during the vacation!"</p> <p>Fans were blown away by the picture where the Frida actress showed off her age-defying figure. </p> <p><span>"What’s your secret?" one person asked.</span></p> <p>Another added: "I’m doing 35 and this gives me hope to an even better future face," while a third said: “@salmahayek stopped ageing years ago."</p> <p>She admits that she does owe her incredible skin and flawless physique to no plastic surgery.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEowbj9p55_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEowbj9p55_/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Salma Hayek Pinault (@salmahayek)</a> on Sep 2, 2020 at 7:03am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>"When I look at pictures of me in my 30s or in my 40s, I see myself more beautiful than I saw myself at the time," she told People magazine. "I used to criticise myself so much.</p> <p>"Now, when I look in the mirror and there are things that I don’t see, I think about how much I’m going to like me in ten years."</p>

Beauty & Style

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Make sure you’re not accidentally ageing your hair

<ol> <li><strong><span> You don’t give much thought to your scalp</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>There’s only so much you can do with hair products. “All of us are more about instant gratification,” says celebrity stylist Nunzio Saviano. “You do all the things you’re supposed to do on the outside, but you’re not taking care of the root of the problem – and the root of the problem is taking care of the scalp and hair follicles.” </span></p> <p><span>The older you get, the more you lose the small veins in your scalp, meaning your hair follicles aren’t getting the nutrients they need, he says. One easy way to get the blood flowing – and make your hair lush again – is by giving your hair that classic 100 strokes a day. Sure, it might smooth your hair, but best of all, it stimulates your scalp.</span></p> <ol start="2"> <li><strong><span> You have the wrong hairbrush</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>Those plastic-knobbed brushes might be cheap, but they’re not doing your hair any favours. The plastic can easily snag hair, damaging tresses. Instead, buy a boar bristle brush, which will stimulate the scalp without harming your hair, recommends TV hair stylist Laura Burns. “They kind of glide through the hair and don’t pull it,” she says.</span></p> <ol start="3"> <li><strong> <span>You wash your hair every day</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>The texture of your hair might change as you get older for the same reason that you’ve been noticing your skin is losing its glow: your skin stops secreting as much oil, says dermatologist Dr Tsippora Shainhouse. </span></p> <p><span>She recommends cutting back on how often you wash your hair – stick to about two or three times a week – and using a gentler shampoo when you do suds up. A sulphate-free shampoo and conditioner will keep your scalp and hair from drying out too much in the shower, she says.</span></p> <ol start="4"> <li><strong><span> You’re always pulling your hair back</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>A ponytail is a lifesaver on a bad hair day, but making it your daily style could contribute to the thinning that already happens naturally with age. </span></p> <p><span>“When a ponytail is really tight, it’s a lot of pressure on the follicle,” says Saviano. “Day after day, the follicle just gives in, and you lose that hair.” </span></p> <p><span>Resist pulling your hair back unless you really need to, and during activities like a workout, try to keep the ponytail loose so you aren’t putting so much stress on your roots.</span></p> <ol start="5"> <li><strong><span> You rely on dry shampoo</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>“Dry shampoo is probably one of the worst products you can use because it just clogs the pores,” says Saviano. Using it once or twice a week is fine, he adds, but using it day after day will interfere with healthy oils your hair needs to retain its youthful lustre. </span></p> <p><span>For a better anti-ageing hair care routine, make sure you’re washing your hair a couple of times a week; shampooing your roots helps stimulate the scalp, says Saviano.</span></p> <ol start="6"> <li><strong><span> You use heavy, sticky products</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>Pomades and mousses may have worked wonders when your hair was younger and thicker, but if it’s thinning now, those heavy products are no longer the right choice. </span></p> <p><span>“Be gentle: don’t use a product that is too sticky – nothing you put in and then have to really pull to work the brush through your hair,” says Burns. </span></p> <p><span>Using products that stiffen your hair is just one of the hairstyle mistakes that age your face – and you should avoid them. Swap out mousse and root boost for lighter products, like a gentle volumiser or a hair tonic, she suggests.</span></p> <ol start="7"> <li><strong><span> You load up on product</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>It’s not just about what you use; it’s how much. “Less is better,” says Saviano. The more creams, serums, and sprays you layer onto your hair, the heavier and duller it will look – which is just the opposite of what you need from anti-ageing hair care. </span></p> <p><span>Give your hair bounce and shine by cutting back on the amount of product you use.</span></p> <ol start="8"> <li><strong><span> You spend a ton of time in the sun</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>You wouldn’t go out in the sun without protecting your skin – right? – so the same should go for your hair. UV damage from the sun can dry out strands and make hair colour fade faster, says Dr Shainhouse. </span></p> <p><span>She recommends wearing a wide-brimmed hat to block those harmful rays. “It will keep the sun off of your face, ears, and scalp, which are susceptible to age spots, premature wrinkling, sunburn, and developing skin cancer,” she says.</span></p> <ol start="9"> <li><strong><span> You don’t give pollution a second thought</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>Sunlight isn’t the only danger to your hair in the great outdoors. Wind and changes in humidity can make your hair frizzy, compelling you to try and tame it with products and heat. And toxins in air pollution can do a number on your tresses. </span></p> <p><span>“They produce free radicals reactive oxygen species that damage hair cells and disrupt the normal biochemistry of hair, thus making hair age faster and damage prone,” says cosmetic surgeon Dr Sonam Yadav. </span></p> <ol start="10"> <li><strong><span> You straighten or curl your hair every day</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>Curling irons and flat irons may give your hair the style you want, but all that heat is very hard on your hair. Your hair already loses moisture and softness as you age; using hot tools makes your tresses even drier and more brittle, says Saviano. “In general, the less you use them, the better it is,” he says. </span></p> <ol start="11"> <li><strong><span> Your diet is lacking key nutrients</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>“Menopause causes thinning and fall of hair in almost all women due to the decrease in oestrogen levels that are a normal part of menopause,” says Dr Yadav. </span></p> <p><span>Some cases are more extreme, with women noticing the patchy balding called female pattern hair loss. Eating iron- and calcium-rich foods like spinach, dairy, and eggs can help. </span></p> <p><span>If hair loss is extreme and noticeable work with your doctor to rule out underlying medical issues that could be throwing your hormones out of whack. </span></p> <ol start="12"> <li><strong><span> You’ve been skipping your workouts</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>Exercise is great for your heart, brain, and pretty much every other part of your body – hair included. If you’ve been getting less physical activity as you age, your body isn’t the only part of you that’s missing out. </span></p> <p><span>Anti-ageing hair is dependent on the blood-pumping benefits of a healthy circulatory system. “Get as much circulation as you can get,” says Burns. “Blood flow to the scalp is great.”</span></p> <ol start="13"> <li><strong><span> Your shampoo is too intense</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>As your hair gets drier through the years, a clarifying shampoo might be too strong. </span></p> <p><span>“Using a heavier shampoo like detoxifying shampoos might strip natural oils from the hair,” says Saviano. “You feel squeaky clean, which is good, but if you’re not using conditioner, your hair will look dull.”</span></p> <ol start="14"> <li><strong><span> You ignore self-care</span></strong></li> </ol> <p><span>Emotional and physical stress take a toll on your body, and your body might respond by putting the brakes on some of your hair follicles, says Dr Shainhouse. </span></p> <p><span>To keep stress from making age-related hair loss more pronounced, make sure you’re addressing sources of chronic stress in your life. Talk to a mental health provider about coping strategies, or pick up stress-busting activities like meditation and exercise. </span></p> <p><em>Written by <span>Marissa Laliberte</span></em><em>. This article first appeared on <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/14-everyday-mistakes-that-are-aging-your-hair" target="_blank">Reader’s Digest</a>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, <a rel="noopener" href="http://readersdigest.com.au/subscribe" target="_blank">here’s our best subscription</a>.</em></p> <p><span> </span></p>

Beauty & Style

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23 years since tragedy struck: Remembering Princess Diana

<div class="post_body_wrapper"> <div class="post_body"> <div class="body_text "> <p>August 31 marks 23 years since the world lost the beloved Princess Diana, who was renowned for her charm, grace, eloquence and kindness.</p> <p>However, what she will always be remembered for is her unwavering love for her two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry who last directly spoke out about their wonderful in 2017 on her 20th death anniversary.</p> <p>"She was our mum, she still is our mum you know and of course as a son I would say she is the best mum in the world," Harry confessed.</p> <p>William revealed he believed she'd have been a wonderful grandmother: "She'd love the children to bits, but she be an absolute nightmare!"</p> <p>The 36-year-old was known for more than just her forward fashion, but also her inspiring and ground-breaking humanitarian work.</p> <p>Her legacy continues to shine through her two sons, their wives, Duchess Catherine and Meghan Markle, and also her four beautiful grandchildren: Prince George, Princess Charlotte, Prince Louis and little Archie Mountbatten Windsor.</p> <p>While Diana’s time on earth was short – she focussed on giving love and spreading it across the world.</p> <p>"Everyone needs to be valued. Everyone has the potential to give something back if only they had the chance," she once famously mused.</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery to see Princess Diana.</p> </div> </div> </div> <div class="post-action-bar-component-wrapper"> <div class="post-actions-component"> <div class="upper-row"><span class="like-bar-component"></span> <div class="right-box-container"></div> </div> </div> </div>

Beauty & Style

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Burns victim Sophie Delezio reveals why she's grateful for going through tragedies

<div class="body_text "> <p>Sophie Delezio captured the hearts of Australia as she is a young burns victim who survived two horrific car crashes before the age of six.</p> <p>She was only two-years-old when she was left with horrific burns after becoming trapped under a car that collided into a daycare centre in Sydney.</p> <p>Despite Sophie losing both feet, an ear and many of her fingers as well as having burns to 85 percent of her body, she remained positive despite her traumas.</p> <p>Disaster struck again in 2006 as she was thrown 18 metres from her wheelchair at a pedestrian crossing.</p> <p>The second incident left her with a broken jaw, collarbone, nine fractured ribs, punctured lungs, two fractured vertebrae and a brain injury.</p> <p>She revealed how she's remained grateful to <em>Anh's Brush With Fame</em>.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CETyQXUDX1m/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CETyQXUDX1m/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">@soph.delezio has endured more in her young life than most but isn't letting anything hold her back. How did Anh capture her positivity and stoicism? #ABWF SWIPE TO REVEAL. #SophieDelezio #AnhDo #portraitpainting</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/abctv/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> ABC TV + iview</a> (@abctv) on Aug 25, 2020 at 3:35am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>"Everything you go through there is always going to be some positive even though you might not see it at the time," she explained.</p> <p>"My parents at the time of the accident, all they could see was what was the horror of what was happening at the time... and it was horrible. But look at how much positivity it has brought.</p> <p>"Everything is a choice. You can choose not to see the positive in things. You can choose to just focus on the negatives and wallow in pity.</p> <p>"Everyone is allowed to grieve but you also need to look at the beauty in the world."</p> <p>Her father, Ron, is proud of her beyond words.</p> <p>"She has had to be determined and strong all her life. After everything that she has endured in the past 15 years, her just being alive is a testament to how determined she really is.</p> <p>"She has had a plan to live overseas for at least a couple of years and she's been quietly working toward that goal the entire time."</p> <p>Sophie believes that there is always a positive side to every situation.</p> <p>"I went through a lot and I've suffered a lot. I've been in pain and it's horrible but I've got to look at all the joy that has happened," she said.</p> </div>

Beauty & Style

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Meet the world’s most prolific royal lookalike

<p>Going by the Instagram handle “Katesreplikates”, 41-year-old Danielle Magness-Wellmann from Minnesota has made it her life’s ambition to mimic as closely as possible the fashion stylings of Kate Middleton, Meghan Markle, Queen Letizia of Spain, as well as Princesses Mary (Denmark), Victoria (Sweden) and Sofia (Duchess of Värmland, also from the Swedish royal family).</p> <p>After Prince William announced his engagement to Kate Middleton back in 2011, Magness-Wellmann got so caught up in the romance of it all that she found herself tracking the path of their relationship – and more importantly to everything Kate wore.</p> <p>"I started paying attention to Kate Middleton's clothing when they got engaged and fell in love with her style," she told <em>Woman's Day</em>.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCVWX9UHkU3/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCVWX9UHkU3/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Love this @ghostfashion Avery dress Kate wore on her Pakistan tour. It's paired with @asos low block heels and the @thezeenwoman chandelier earrings. . . . #replikate #royalcloset #katemiddleton #katescloset #hrhkatemiddleton #wwkd #katemiddletonstyle #replikates #whatkatewore #myroyalcloset #katemiddletoninspired #whatkatewore #duchessofcambridge #duchesskate #ootd #instastyle #instafashion #britishroyals #royaltour #royalty #royalfashion #royalstyle #british #ghostfashion #zeen #asos</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/katesreplikates/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Danielle Magness-Wellmann</a> (@katesreplikates) on Jul 7, 2020 at 1:07am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p> </p> <p>"I think Kate serves as an incredible role model of both substance and style. When she wears something that is accessible to the public it is a chance to own a piece of sartorial history. I keep on top of her wardrobe by looking at the royal calendar and Twitter – within minutes, someone online is able to recognise where an outfit is from and point me in the right direction for purchase.”</p> <p> </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCOkUZyHkxi/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCOkUZyHkxi/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Wore Meghan's @dvf Zarita Lace dress last night to celebrate my birthday. Paired with Kate's @lkbennettlondon Sledge heels . . . #replikate #royalcloset #meghanmarkle #meghanmarklefashion #meghanstyle #meghansmirror #meghanandharry #marklesparkle #meghanmarklestyle #duchessofsussex #instafashion #instastyle #ootd #myroyalwardrobe #britishfashion #royalstyle #royalfashion #royallook #birthday #dvf #lkbennett #birthdayoutfit #mirrormeg #replimeghan</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/katesreplikates/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Danielle Magness-Wellmann</a> (@katesreplikates) on Jul 4, 2020 at 9:54am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p> </p> <p>Magness-Wellmann sets aside a good $1,500 every month in her quest for royal replica perfection, and to date she reckons she has spent at least $42,000 on the highly addictive fashion pastime.</p> <p> </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CD6lV1hnuAK/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CD6lV1hnuAK/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A fun summer outfit. 🤍🖤🌞 . . . #replikates #royalty #meghanandharry #meghanmarklefashion #meghanmarklestyle #meghanstyle #meghansmirror #duchessmeghan #duchessofsussex #meghanmarkle #marklesparkle #mirrormeg #instastyle #instafashion #katespade #katemiddleton #summeroutfit #lespecs #replimeghan #weloveyoumeghan</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/katesreplikates/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Danielle Magness-Wellmann</a> (@katesreplikates) on Aug 15, 2020 at 8:41am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>"It is quite an addictive hobby,” she says. “But I can't always keep on top of Kate's looks due to the different time zones, so this may affect how many purchases I make. I always get more compliments when I'm dressed like a royal – not that people know my outfits are inspired by them."</p> <p> </p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-captioned="" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCa9hMonCG4/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="margin: 8px 0 0 0; padding: 0 4px;"><a style="color: #000; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none; word-wrap: break-word;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCa9hMonCG4/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">Lovely dress 💗 Perfect for Summer 🌞 . . . #replikate #royalcloset #katemiddleton #katescloset #hrhkatemiddleton #wwkd #katemiddletonstyle #replikates #whatkatewore #myroyalcloset #duchessofcambridge #katemiddletoninspired #realkate #duchesskate #royalty #britishroyals #british #summerdress #russellandbromley #accessorize #instastyle #instafashion #floraldress</a></p> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;">A post shared by <a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/katesreplikates/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank"> Danielle Magness-Wellmann</a> (@katesreplikates) on Jul 9, 2020 at 5:26am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p> </p> <p>Magness-Wellmann also finds inspiration in the outfits worn by Meghan Markle: "I love [her] style. She is much more laid-back and wears solid colours."</p> <p>Images: Danielle Magness-Wellmann / Instagram</p>

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Final Princess Diana character cast for The Crown

<p>Aussie actress Elizabeth Debicki has received the nod to play Princess Dianna in the upcoming fifth and sixth seasons of The Crown. Debicki – who many people will find far more familiar once she appears in the upcoming Christopher Nolan Netflix show called <em>Tenet</em>, took to Twitter to share the news on Sunday afternoon:</p> <p>"Princess Diana's spirit, her words and her actions live in the hearts of so many,” wrote Debicki. “It is my true privilege and honour to be joining this masterful series, which has had me absolutely hooked from episode one.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">Elizabeth Debicki will play Princess Diana in the final two seasons of The Crown (Seasons 5 and 6). <a href="https://t.co/Z3CjHuJ56B">pic.twitter.com/Z3CjHuJ56B</a></p> — The Crown (@TheCrownNetflix) <a href="https://twitter.com/TheCrownNetflix/status/1295057878768918529?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">August 16, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>The Crown has traced the events and personal lives of the British royal family through several time periods, beginning with Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip's marriage and early careers in the late 1940s and early 1950s.</p> <p>Then there was a significant leap forward in Season 3, which came out in 2019, which covered the 1960s and 1970s. Princess Diana, who was born in 1961, is set to be introduced to the world in the upcoming fourth season and will be played by Emma Corrin.</p> <p>Corrin – like Debicki – is a relative unknown, with minor credits that include playing Esme Winikus in <em>Pennyworth</em>, and a one-episode spot on <em>Grantchester</em>. When it was announced that she had won the coveted Diana role, Corrin said at the time in a statement: "I have been glued to the show and to think I'm now joining this incredibly talented acting family is surreal. Princess Diana was an icon and her effect on the world remains profound and inspiring. To explore her through Peter Morgan's writing is the most exceptional opportunity, and I will strive to do her justice."</p> <p>As one of the few non-English actors on The Crown, Debicki will come under great scrutiny for her performance as possibly the most beloved member of the royal family outside of Queen Elizabeth herself.</p> <p>The Crown also recently added Jonathan Pryce to its cast, and he will play Prince Philip in the final two seasons.</p> <p>Image source: Twitter</p>

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Meghan Markle's tearful final words as a royal revealed

<p>It has been revealed that the Duchess of Sussex had a sorrowful last few words for her Buckingham Palace staff,</p> <p>to newly published Sussex biography <em>Finding Freedom</em>, written by royal authors Omid Scobie and Carolyn Durand, Meghan Markle said a heart wrenching goodbye to her royal team, with the duchess admitting things could have gone differently.</p> <p>Scoobie earlier reported that Meghan’s final royal engagement came with many emotions.</p> <p>While she attended a private meeting with Association of Commonwealth Universities scholars, she spoke with them about their work on subjects like health, climate change, renewable energy, and sustainable travel.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B9nDemBpDaT/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B9nDemBpDaT/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by The Duke and Duchess of Sussex (@sussexroyal)</a> on Mar 11, 2020 at 3:33pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Afterwards, the royal said goodbye to her staff.</p> <p>Scoobie wrote that they hugged and<span> </span><em>Finding Freedom</em>, he said she told him: "It didn’t have to be this way."</p> <p>In March, Scobie revealed that Meghan cried while saying goodbye to her royal team.</p> <p>He told<span> </span><em>Harper's Bazaar</em> that "tears that the duchess had been bravely holding back [were] free to flow among familiar faces."</p> <p>"The Duchess of Sussex emotionally [bid] much-loved aides farewell, with her flight 'home' to Canada leaving in a matter of hours," Scobie recounted.</p> <p>He also added that Meghan would fly "back to Canada on the last commercial flight of the day, eager to be back in Vancouver Island by the morning before Archie wakes up."</p>

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Who owns the copyright to your tattoo?

<p>The Australian Copyright Agency has <a href="https://www.copyright.com.au/2020/06/tattoo-licence-body-art/">licensed an Indigenous artwork</a> for a custom tattoo. It is the first instance of tattoo licensing for the agency, and perhaps Australia at large.</p> <p>The agency granted a licence for Jarrangini (buffalo) (2018) by Tiwi artist <a href="https://jilamara.com/artist/chris-black/">Chris Black</a> following consultation with the artist, the Jilamara Arts and Crafts Association, and other senior Indigenous artists. Darwin tattooist Ryan Birkinshaw applied the buffalo print to the arm of art gallery manager and artist Katie Hagebols.</p> <p>In an industry beset by appropriation – of Indigenous and Western imagery – the licensing of this artwork is a rare sign of respect for the intellectual property rights of artists.</p> <p>In the Australian tattoo industry, licences govern the use of tattoo stencils, pre-produced images known as <a href="https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=tattoo%20flash">“flash”</a>.</p> <p><strong>Get news that’s free, independent and based on evidence.</strong></p> <p>Get newsletter</p> <p>But the practice of licensing for custom tattoos – one-off original designs created specifically for clients – is virtually non-existent. Copying usually occurs without any thought given to obtaining a licence.</p> <p>The Jarrangini (buffalo) licence recognises that tattoo is an artform regulated by copyright law.</p> <p><strong>Tattoo copyright</strong></p> <p>There are no Australian cases that directly confirm copyright exists in tattoos. However, a drawing in ink falls within the definition of “artistic work” in s 10(1) of the <a href="https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2017C00414">Copyright Act</a>. A tattoo will be copyright so long as it does not copy a substantial part of another artwork.</p> <p>In Australia, the person who reduces the artwork to “material form” is the default copyright owner. This means that the tattooist is usually the first copyright owner of a custom tattoo because they are the person who draws it, or tattoos it directly on the skin.</p> <p>A tattoo wearer might also hold joint ownership rights, if they contribute more to the design process than just ideas. They might actively collaborate in the refinement of a design, for example, by deleting some aspects and drawing the replacement’s features together with the tattooist.</p> <p>In New Zealand, more restrictive <a href="http://www.legislation.govt.nz/act/public/1994/0143/latest/DLM345930.html">rules around commissioned art and copyright</a> mean a paying client can be the first copyright owner of a custom tattoo, regardless of whether they actively contributed to the design process.</p> <p>Australia’s <a href="http://www5.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ca1968133/s35.html">commissioned art rules</a> do not apply to drawings as a category of artistic work. Thus tattoos are excluded from them. (Interestingly, there is an exception here when it comes to portraits, with the copyright for tattoo portraits likely owned by the person who paid for it).</p> <p>In both countries, where a tattooist creates a design in the course of their employment, their employer will be the copyright owner. All of these rights can be varied by contract.</p> <p><strong>Copying is common</strong></p> <p>Despite the law in this area, copying is common in the tattoo industry both here and in New Zealand.</p> <p>My unpublished research among tattooists in New Zealand suggests there can be a lot of pressure from clients to copy existing images. “I do get brought art or pictures of other people’s tattoos,” said one tattooist, and quite a few pictures “come straight off the internet.”</p> <p>Clients often request direct reproductions of imagery they have <a href="https://news.bme.com/2005/09/23/followup-tattoo-theft/">downloaded</a>. In these circumstances, appropriation can be a pragmatic business decision.</p> <p>What Do You Think About Tattoo Copying? | Tattoo Artists Answer.</p> <p>Some people regard the copying of a custom tattoo as a form of <a href="https://news.bme.com/2005/09/25/pop-culture-is-a-language">identity theft</a> because a one-off tattoo is seen as a unique form of self-expression.</p> <p>Copyists might also be <a href="https://minnesotalawreview.org/article/tattoos-ip-norms/">criticised by other tattooists</a> as “scratchers” or “hacks” or subject to gossip that <a href="https://southerncalifornialawreview.com/2012/05/02/who-owns-your-skin-intellectual-property-law-and-norms-among-tattoo-artists-note-by-matthew-beasley/">infers they are poor artists</a>. Creativity is highly valued within this artist community.</p> <p><strong>So, why don’t tattooists sue over copying?</strong></p> <p>In some art industries, there can be a big gap between holding rights and exercising them.</p> <p>To tattooists, appropriation is mostly seen as a matter of ethics or manners rather than law.</p> <p>Many tattooists <a href="https://minnesotalawreview.org/article/tattoos-ip-norms/">are skeptical of litigation</a>. Intellectual property rights only “hold value if you have money and are willing to go through the courts in order to take somebody through the wringer,” said one tattooist I interviewed.</p> <p>There is also a view that the tattoo belongs to the client not the artist because money changed hands. Another tattooist told me it was “complete nonsense” that copyright applies to tattoos because the art is “on a body, man!”</p> <p>Tattooists tend to only threaten legal action when the infringement of their design involves a tattoo on the body of a high profile celebrity (such as footballer <a href="https://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/exclusive-i-own-becks-tattooand-ill-sue-548295">David Beckham</a>, UFC fighter <a href="https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20121207/07502921303/tattoo-copyright-strikes-again-tattoo-artist-sues-thq-accurately-representing-fighters-tattoo-game.shtml">Carlos Condit</a>, or NBA player <a href="https://law.lclark.edu/live/files/9636-lcb102harkinspdf">Rasheed Wallace</a>).</p> <p>Even then, they might be criticised by other tattooists for threatening to enforce their copyright. This is because tattooing a celebrity is “good advertising”, as one tattooist said. There have been no high profile tattoo infringements in Australia.</p> <p>These norms aside, copyright law does apply to tattoos. Whether or not more tattoo enthusiasts will seek an appropriate licence, as occurred in the case of Jarrangini (buffalo), or a copyright owner will sue for a rights violation, is another matter.</p> <p><em>Written by Marie Hadley. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/explainer-who-owns-the-copyright-to-your-tattoo-142825">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Reforming ‘dad leave’ is a baby step towards greater gender equality

<p>Grattan Institute <a href="https://grattan.edu.au/report/cheaper-childcare/">research published today</a> shows the average 25-year-old woman who goes on to have a child can expect to earn A$2 million less by the time she is 70 than the average 25-year-old man who becomes a father. For childless women and men, the lifetime gap is about A$300,000.</p> <p>This earnings gap leaves mothers particularly vulnerable if their relationship breaks down.</p> <p><strong>Unpaid work still falls largely on women</strong></p> <p>The income gap between mothers and fathers is typically due to women reducing their paid work to take on most of the caring and household work.</p> <p>Even before COVID-19, Australian women were doing 2.2 fewer hours of paid work on average but <a href="https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=GENDER_EMP">2.3 more hours of unpaid work</a> than men every day.</p> <p>The following chart shows how women’s and men’s time use diverges after the birth of their first child. Mothers typically reduce their paid work to take on the lion’s share of caring and household work. The change for fathers is less dramatic. They continue their paid work and take on some extra caring.</p> <p>But habits stick. Even a decade after the birth of the first child, the average mother does more caring and twice as much household work as the average father.</p> <p>When one parent does most of the caring, they become more confident in looking after the child. <a href="https://www.quarterlyessay.com.au/essay/2019/09/men-at-work">They know</a> how to change the nappies, what food the child likes, and when nap time is. This knowledge tends to compound, leaving one parent with most of the parenting load.</p> <p><strong>Dad leave can help</strong></p> <p>Policy change can help different habits to form. Evidence from around the world – including <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0891243213503900">North America</a>, <a href="https://skemman.is/bitstream/1946/22378/1/a.2013.9.2.4.pdf">Iceland</a>, <a href="https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/journal-of-social-policy/article/parental-leave-and-domestic-work-of-mothers-and-fathers-a-longitudinal-study-of-two-reforms-in-west-germany/0091E9A20481C242D73F044FDDDBAC34">Germany</a>, <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5415087/">Britain and Australia</a> – shows fathers who take a significant period of parental leave when their baby is born are more likely to be more involved in caring and other housework years later.</p> <p>But the Australian government’s paid parental leave scheme encourages a single “primary carer” model. The primary carer is eligible for 18 weeks of <a href="https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/services/centrelink/parental-leave-pay">Parental Leave Pay</a> at minimum wage (as well as any employer entitlements).</p> <p>In 99.5% of cases that leave is <a href="https://grattan.edu.au/report/cheaper-childcare/">taken by mothers</a>. Secondary carer leave, called “<a href="https://www.servicesaustralia.gov.au/individuals/services/centrelink/dad-and-partner-pay">Dad and Partner Pay</a>”, is two weeks at minimum wage.</p> <p>Many other countries provide much longer periods of parental leave for fathers and partners, sometimes referred to as “daddy leave”, as the following table shows.</p> <p>Iceland, for example, provides three months’ paid leave to each parent and a further three months for them to divide as they wish. Sweden’s scheme entitles each parent to three months of parental leave, plus ten months parents can divide as they wish.</p> <p>The schemes with the highest take-up typically pay 70% or more of the recipient’s normal earnings, as opposed to the minimum wage Australia’s scheme pays.</p> <p>But a generous scheme is still no guarantee of success.</p> <p>Social expectations about different roles for men and women at work and home can still be a barrier. This appears evident in Japan and South Korea. Despite generous schemes offering 52 weeks of leave for fathers, paid at more than two-thirds of normal earnings, just <a href="https://www.theatlantic.com/family/archive/2020/01/japan-paternity-leave-koizumi/605344/">6% of Japanese fathers</a> and <a href="https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/lifestyle-culture/article/3048455/south-koreas-paternity-leave-taboo-blame-it-confucius">13% of Korean fathers</a> take parental leave.</p> <p><strong>A modest policy proposal</strong></p> <p>For a “daddy leave” scheme to have the best chance of success in Australia, the government would need to spend a lot of money and political capital.</p> <p>Emulating a best-practice parental leave scheme like Iceland’s would cost at least A$7 billion a year.</p> <p>A scheme where government payments are linked to an individual’s normal salary would encourage take-up. But the cost would dwarf the <a href="https://www.dss.gov.au/publications-articles-corporate-publications-annual-reports/department-of-social-services-annual-report-2018-19-0">A$2.3 billion</a> the federal government currently spends on parental leave, and the biggest benefits would go to wealthy families. Almost all Australian government payments are strictly means-tested, so payments proportional to salary would be a radical policy departure.</p> <p>One option is a paid parental leave scheme that gives parents <a href="https://grattan.edu.au/report/cheaper-childcare/">more flexibility to share leave</a>. Six weeks reserved for each parent plus 12 weeks to share between them would allow mothers to still choose to take the 18 weeks now provided to primary carers. But families could also make other choices, and fathers would get more time early on to bond with their child and develop their parenting skills.</p> <p>This would be a relatively cheap reform. If paid at minimum wage like the existing scheme, it would cost at most an extra A$600 million a year.</p> <p><strong>Baby steps to equality</strong></p> <p>Reforming Australia’s paid parental leave is not the first and best option to increase women’s workforce participation. Our research shows changes such as <a href="https://grattan.edu.au/report/cheaper-childcare/">making child care more affordable</a> are likely to deliver more bang for buck.</p> <p>But there is still a case for modest reforms to parental leave. Though it might not be <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0958928712440201?journalCode=espa">a game-changer</a> for women’s workforce participation, if constructed properly it will have some effect.</p> <p>This is supported by evidence from Quebec’s parental leave scheme. Introduced in 2006, it included five non-transferable weeks for fathers, paid at about 70% of their usual salary. A <a href="https://cepr.org/sites/default/files/events/papers/4576_PATNAIK%20-%20Reserving%20Time%20for%20Daddy.pdf">2014 study</a> found it led to mothers, on average, doing an extra hour of paid work a day, earning an extra US$5,000 a year.</p> <p>More fathers taking parental leave is also worthwhile in its own right, promoting greater sharing of the unpaid workload within families and giving fathers more time with their kids.</p> <p>Think of it as a baby step towards greater time and earnings equality between women and men in Australia.</p> <p><em>Written by Owain Emslie, Danielle Wood and Kate Griffiths. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/reforming-dad-leave-is-a-baby-step-towards-greater-gender-equality-144113">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Lookalike mum and daughter 30 years apart!

<p>A 60-year-old woman is still counting her blessings as she says she is still being compared to her daughter, despite the 30-year age gap.</p> <p>Dawn and Cher, both from Florida, USA, say they share clothes and have been best friends ever since Cher started her younger years.</p> <p>The daughter says they first started becoming doppelgangers when she reached her teen years.</p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837241/twins-mother-daughter-2.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/b0e78858ae1b4e18b982f8eb9ca37142" /></p> <p>“I was fifteen when people started thinking we looked similar. I used to want my mum to look like a typical mum but as I got older, I started to appreciate what we had,” Cher said. </p> <p>“As my mum looked so young and acted young, we became friends too and she even came to my bachelorette party.”</p> <p>Now the pair are so alike, Cher says her husband, Jared, mixes them up all the time.</p> <p>“One time, me and mum were wearing the same coloured outfit. As we both have long dark hair, we look similar from behind,” Cher said, going on to explain her hubby smacked his mother-in-law on the bum.</p> <p>Dawn said she’s thrilled to look like her daughter, saying it is a “huge compliment”. </p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837242/twins-mother-daughter-1.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/4ee4f19af51246dd9c84761575095aa1" /></p> <p>Maintaining her complexion has not been an easy feat, but the 60-year-old says she owes it all to a plant-based diet, good skincare, plenty of sleep and lots of water</p> <p>“Age is just a number. Just because we’re getting older, it doesn’t mean we have to act it. Positive thoughts are key,” she said.</p> <p>The duo have 75,000 collective followers on Instagram and they’ve written a book together, called A Bond That Lasts Forever.</p> <p>“The book is a collection of hard-earned wisdoms about how to create the mother-daughter relationship of your dreams,” Dawn said.</p>

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Duchess Catherine shares rare photo from World War II

<p>The Duchess of Cambridge has banded with her grandmother-in-law Queen Elizabeth II to mark an incredibly special occasion. </p> <p>The 38-year-old royal and Her 94-year-old Majesty also joined forces with Prince Charles to celebrate the 150th anniversary of the British Red Cross. </p> <p>The Duchess shared a statement and an incredibly personal family photo of her grandmother, Valerie Middleton, who was a Voluntary Aid Detachment during World War II.</p> <p>Kate's grandmother can be seen in the centre of the shot wearing a nurses' uniform as she stands alongside her colleagues.</p> <p><img style="width: 0px; height: 0px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837165/kate-middleton.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/7ca9e7eed8964a959cfd6675e9a42c9e" /></p> <p>The Duchess said: "On this anniversary, I would like to thank and remember the many thousands of staff and volunteers who over the years have contributed tirelessly to the organisation's work, including my great-grandmother, Olive and my grandmother, Valerie who both served as a Voluntary Aid Detachment with the British Red Cross."</p> <p>She continued: "Like you and many others, they are both part of the rich history of the British Red Cross, which is helping to ensure many people get the support they need during a crisis. </p> <p>“In recent months, I have been deeply moved by the work you and your colleagues have continued to do throughout the coronavirus pandemic. You have all been doing an inspiring job supporting vulnerable people. "</p> <p>The Queen also paid her respects to those who have served the organisation over the years by saying: "As patron of the British Red Cross I send my warmest congratulations to the staff and volunteers of the Society on the occasion of its one hundred and fiftieth anniversary.</p> <p>"Whether those involved in the Society are assisting people to return home from hospital safely, offering care and support in the aftermath of a disaster, volunteering in a shop, administering first aid or some of the many other activities the British Red Cross encompasses, their contribution is recognised, valued and greatly appreciated. I send my heartfelt thanks and warmest good wishes to you all."</p>

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