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What flight attendants aren’t allowed to do

<p><strong>The (job) rules of the sky</strong></p> <p>There are always rules and regulations to follow at various companies, and flight attendants are no exception. However, since being a flight attendant is no ordinary job and they’ve seen some of the craziest things when flying, it makes sense that they have some more interesting rules they need to abide by. From keeping piercings and tattoos to a minimum and not raising their voice, read on to find out the unusual rules flight attendants need to follow on the job.</p> <p><strong>They can’t sleep when working on a flight</strong></p> <p>It’s tempting for passengers to get some sleep when on a flight, but flight attendants don’t always have that option. “Flight attendants cannot ever sleep while working a flight unless it is a flight of a certain time duration,” says Kiki Ward, an airline flight attendant and author of <em>The Essential Guide to Becoming a Flight Attendant</em>. However, there are some exceptions, like on international or long-haul flights where flight attendants can go to a designated area to take a rest break.</p> <p><strong>They can’t have tongue piercings</strong></p> <p>Many women get their ears pierced at a young age. However, piercings can’t extend to other parts of the body, especially the tongue. According to the British Airways, its uniform standards require a simple, elegant look. A single ear piercing is allowed and only one set of round-shaped earrings must be worn. No other visible body piercings including tongue, tongue retainer, and nose studs are allowed.</p> <p><strong>They can’t have tattoos on most airlines</strong></p> <p>Most airlines require that tattoos aren’t visible on a flight attendant’s face, neck, hands or arms, and if a tattoo can be seen under the uniform, an undergarment should be worn to cover it up. <a href="https://careers.airnewzealand.co.nz/belong-here/life-at-air-new-zealand/tattoo-policy">Air New Zealand’s tattoo policy</a> however allows employees to have <a href="https://media.newzealand.com/en/story-ideas/ta-moko-significance-of-maori-tattoos/">Tā Moko</a> (traditional Māori tattooing, often on the face) and non-offensive tattoos visible when wearing the uniform or normal business attire.</p> <p><strong>They can’t talk loudly in the cabin</strong></p> <p>In a confined space like a cabin, one conversation can be heard by people rows away. “There are personal behavioural guidelines that flight attendants are asked to follow,” says Ward, such as not talking to one another loudly in the cabin, the galleys or on jump seats about personal lives, work, etc because voices carry on aeroplanes. There isn’t a lot of privacy on an plane, so everyone should be courteous to those around them.</p> <p>Although if you’re bumped from your flight, you may feel less than courteous in your interactions with airline staff. </p> <p><em>Written by Madeline Wahl. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/flightstravel-hints-tips/10-things-flight-attendants-arent-allowed-to-do?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a><em><u> </u></em></p>

Travel Tips

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What to pack for a cruise – and 6 things not to bring

<p><strong>Cruise essentials</strong></p> <p>Packing for a cruise is a lot like packing for any other holiday. You’ll want to bring comfy walking shoes for sightseeing and to leave your best jewellery at home. But there are other items – beyond seasickness medications – that expert cruisers never set sail without. Here, a few of our favourite professional cruisers tell us what you’ll find in their suitcases.</p> <p><strong>Do: Stash all your pool items in your carry-on bag</strong></p> <p>“You may not see your checked bag until late on your first day on board,” says Gene Sloan, cruise editor of USA Today. “It can take hours from the time you drop your bag off with the ship-side porters for it to arrive up in your room.” As a result, when we asked him what to pack for a cruise, he recommended stashing your swimsuit, sunglasses and suntan lotion in your day bag so you have them available immediately upon arrival.</p> <p><strong>Do: Pack clothing that can be layered</strong></p> <p> “Weather from port to port can vary significantly,” explains Colleen McDaniel, senior executive editor of CruiseCritic.com. “Packing layers can help combat temperature changes, without the need to pack multiple outfits that can take up precious room in your suitcase.” McDaniel adds that this is especially important in places where the weather is unpredictable.</p> <p><strong>Don’t: Leave home without sunscreen and aloe vera</strong> “Chances are you’ll get more sun than you’re used to,” says McDaniel. “And while a good sunscreen can keep you from getting burned, aloe vera will give you some relief if you do.” So when you’re thinking about what to pack for a cruise, remember to buy the sunscreen and after-sun lotion at home – you could end up paying a markup on many ships.</p> <p><strong>Do: Bring a portable charger or two</strong></p> <p>If you’re someone who doesn’t like to unplug during a vacation, this one is a biggie – especially if you have more than one device or spend hours on social media or email. “You won’t have easy access to outlets around the ship,” explains Fran Golden, chief contributor of Porthole magazine. “And there may be a limited number of outlets in your cabin.”</p> <p><strong>Do: Toss your portable mug in your bag</strong></p> <p>Cruise ships often have complimentary coffee, and it’s usually part of the deck buffet. But your cabin isn’t, so many people go up on deck, grab a couple mugs of coffee first thing in the morning, and burn themselves as they walk back to their cabin. Mike Jirout, founder of the Ship Mate App, has this clever suggestion in his blog: If you’re a big coffee drinker, pack a portable mug with a lid in your suitcase. Travelling with kids? You’ll want sippy cups for their morning milk or juice.</p> <p><strong>Do: Throw in some kitchen magnets</strong></p> <p>“Little-known fact for those who haven’t cruised before: Cruise cabin walls are made of steel,” says McDaniel. “Packing magnets – or magnetic hooks – can help keep track of daily programs and other loose papers, or make it easy to hang items that need to dry. We’ve also used heavy-duty magnetic hooks for stashing away cameras, lanyards and even binoculars.”</p> <p><strong>Do: Bring along a marker board</strong></p> <p>If you’re travelling with a group of friends or family, magnetic marker boards are handy to bring along, says McDaniel. “Hang one outside your cabin door so that you can leave notes for your travel companions.” Now, you’ll never miss out on meeting spots or reservation details.</p> <p><strong>Do: Pick up a pashmina</strong></p> <p>Just because you’re heading to a tropical region, doesn’t mean you won’t want to bring a cover-up to use on board. “I always pack a shawl (a tan cashmere is my go-to-these days), even in tropical climates,” explains Golden, “because sometimes the air-conditioning on ships is intense.” Also, as ships reach full speed, the wind on outdoor decks picks up, and you’ll be happy you brought along a wrap.</p> <p><strong>Do: Pack plenty of reading material</strong></p> <p> “Make sure you have a couple of books on your Kindle or iPad, because for once in your busy life, on a cruise ship you will actually have time to read,” says Golden. “Sometimes I’ll even pick novels based on the destination where I am cruising, or a sea theme. If I have a balcony cabin, the balcony becomes my favourite reading spot.”</p> <p><em>Written by Sherri Eisenberg. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/travel/cruising/what-to-pack-for-a-cruise-and-6-things-not-to-bring"><em>Reader’s Digest.</em></a><em> For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a><em><u> </u></em></p>

Cruising

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I’m taking antibiotics – how do I know I’ve been prescribed the right ones?

<p>In the days before antibiotics, <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsbeat/article/34866829/life-before-antibiotics-and-maybe-life-after-an-antibiotic-apocalypse">deaths from bacterial infections</a> were common. Seemingly minor illnesses could escalate in severity, becoming deadly in a matter of hours or days.</p> <p>These days, antibiotics can be life-savers. In the community, they’re <a href="https://theconversation.com/when-should-you-take-antibiotics-42751">commonly used</a> to treat bacterial infections of the lung, urinary tract, eye, throat, skin and gut.</p> <p>But they’re not needed for <em>all</em> bacterial infections – many infections will resolve on their own without treatment.</p> <p>And of course, antibiotics <a href="https://www.cdc.gov/features/antibioticuse/index.html">don’t treat viral infections</a> such as colds and flus, or fungal infections such as tinea or thrush.</p> <p>Even when antibiotics are necessary, they’re not a one-size-fits-all treatment: not all antibiotics kill all types of bacteria.</p> <p><strong>What type of bacteria is causing the infection?</strong></p> <p>If your doctor suspects you have a serious bacterial infection, they will often take a urine or blood test, or a swab to send to the pathologist.</p> <p>At the lab, these tests aim to detect and identify the bacteria causing the infection.</p> <p>Some methods only need to detect bacterial DNA. These DNA-based approaches are called “genotypic methods” and are quick and highly sensitive.</p> <p>Other methods involve attempting to culture and isolate bacteria from the sample. This can take one to four days.</p> <p><strong>What antibiotic can fight the infection?</strong></p> <p>If antibiotic treatment is necessary, the isolated bacteria can be used in a second series of tests to help determine the right antibiotic for your infection. These are called <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6627445/">antimicrobial susceptibility tests</a>.</p> <p>Like the tests that first detected the bacterium causing your infection, they can be done using DNA-based (genotypic) methods or by culturing the bacterium in the presence of various antibiotics and assessing what happens (phenotypic methods).</p> <p>Genotypic tests tend to identify which antibiotics won’t work so they can be ruled out as treatment options; ruling out the ones that won’t work leaves the ones that <em>should</em> work.</p> <p>For phenotypic tests, the bacterium is regrown in the presence of a range of antibiotics to see which one stops its growth. A range of concentrations of each antibiotic are often used in these tests.</p> <p><strong>Why you sometimes get a script without testing</strong></p> <p>Whichever tests are done, the results may not be available for a couple of days. In the meantime, your doctor will probably get you started on an antibiotic that is <em>most likely</em> to be effective. This is called empiric therapy and is the “best guess” treatment while they wait for test results.</p> <p>Empiric antibiotic choice is based on the doctor’s prior experience with that type of infection, as well as clinical guidelines developed from evidence about that infection type, and ongoing surveillance data from the pathology lab about the types of bacteria generally causing that infection, and which antibiotics those bacteria are susceptible to.</p> <p>When available, the test results will either confirm the initial choice, or influence the doctor’s decision to prescribe a different antibiotic.</p> <p>Take urinary tract infections (UTIs), for example. Most are caused by <em>E. coli</em> and there are antibiotics that reliably treat these infections.</p> <p>Data from the thousands of pathology tests performed each year on the <em>E. coli</em>from other people’s UTIs helps inform the doctor’s choice of empiric antibiotic for you, as do the clinical guidelines.</p> <p>The doctor can therefore be reasonably confident in prescribing that antibiotic while you wait for the test results from your urine sample. You’ll either get better and need no further intervention, or you’ll come back to the doctor, by which time your test results should be available to fine-tune the choice of antibiotic.</p> <p><strong>Why it’s important to get the right antibiotic</strong></p> <p>Naturally, you want to receive an antibiotic that will effectively treat your infection. But what’s wrong with taking an antibiotic that does the job too well or, conversely, is ineffective?</p> <p>Antibiotics that are too strong will not only clear your infection but will also kill other good bacteria, <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/d42859-019-00019-x">disrupting your microbiome</a> and possibly causing other knock-on effects.</p> <p>On the other hand, an ineffective antibiotic will not only fail to treat the infection adequately, it can still cause side effects and disrupt your microbiome.</p> <p>A broader consideration for the judicious use of antibiotics is that overuse, or ineffective use, contributes unnecessarily to the development of antibiotic resistance. All antibiotic use <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sara_Hernando-Amado/publication/335337005_Defining_and_combating_antibiotic_resistance_from_One_Health_and_Global-Health_perspectives/links/5d7123f4299bf1cb8088bd73/Defining-and-combating-antibiotic-resistance-from-One-Health-and-Global-Health-perspectives.pdf">promotes resistance</a> in other bacteria they come in contact with, so minimising and optimising their targeted use is important.</p> <p>The right antibiotic choice for your infection is a complex decision that must often be made before key additional evidence to support the decision is available.</p> <p>As test results become available, the treatment antibiotics may be refined, changed or even stopped.</p> <p><em>Written by Christine Carson. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/im-taking-antibiotics-how-do-i-know-ive-been-prescribed-the-right-ones-122868"><em>The Conversation.</em></a></p>

Caring

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Synonyms to use that will make you a better writer

<p><strong>Put it in writing</strong></p> <p>Good writing is considerate of its audience. You want to think about your reader and consider the best way to get your message across to them. Even in the digital age, the right word elevates your writing and the wrong one drags it down. If you’re writing in a business context, you want to make a good impression and come across as professional. You want to be efficient, but not overly dry. While keeping your writing clear of grammar and spelling errors is a given, you’ll also want to use words that avoid cliché and relay your message with aplomb.</p> <p>You’ll also want to avoid these overused words that make you sound boring.</p> <p><strong>Instead of using “a lot”</strong></p> <p>A lot is a descriptor that skews ultra-casual. If you describe your background by saying, “I have a lot of experience,” or convey your aptitude with “I have a lot of ideas,” you come across as too laid-back and imprecise. Laura Hale Brockway, at Entrepreneur, offers 32 alternative synonyms for “a lot.” She offers descriptors like “a great deal” or “a copious amount” as a stand-in for the informal term. Choose a synonym that elevates your message and offers precision like “myriad” or “several.”</p> <p><strong>Instead of using “fine”</strong></p> <p> “Fine” is a rejoinder to questions about either quality or physical health. However, it’s become so common that it now means “OK” or “average.” If you’re writing in a business setting or descriptively, “fine” seems polite, but there are other options that can get specific about what you’re describing. A simple synonym is “well,” as in “I’m feeling well.” You can also use synonyms like “exceptional” or “skilful” to describe quality. If you do mean “fine” in the sense of passable, use “mediocre” or “average” instead.</p> <p><strong>Instead of using “very”</strong></p> <p>Very is a qualifier that’s often overused. How many times have you peppered emails or business communications with this word? Have you ever written “I’m very excited about the upcoming project” or “Your work is very good?” Eliminate “very” unless it adds necessary and real meaning to the idea you describe. If it’s important then use synonyms for “very” like “remarkably,” “substantially,” “emphatically,” or “profoundly.” Otherwise, using “very” adds sloppy imprecision to your writing.</p> <p><strong>Instead of using “great”</strong></p> <p>Great is a superfluous term that often shows up in place of “yes” or “good” in written writing. It’s a shorthand term that conveys enthusiasm but has become so common that it’s lost its nuance as a descriptor. Consider more precise words like “choice” or “breathtaking” to describe a state of being or an object’s quality. Here are some more options from Daily Writing Tips like “deluxe” and “favourable” that get closer to the idea you’re trying to convey. Looking for more great synonym options for words like great?</p> <p><strong>Instead of using “crazy”</strong></p> <p>Using “crazy” (or “insane”) is common, but it’s an imprecise way to express what you really mean. Katie Dupere at Mashable explains that the term is insensitive and makes light of mental health issues. The term is also far from what you mean to say. Look carefully at what you’re actually trying to convey when you write, “The midterm was crazy” or “The project was insane.” It’s best to stay away from casual idioms in formal writing. You also want to stay mindful about how such terms could affect your reader. Consider words like “busy,” “intense,” “erratic,” and “wacky” as synonyms. Let the idea of what you truly want to convey be your guide.</p> <p><em>Written by Molly Pennington, PhD. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/12-synonyms-that-will-make-you-a-better-writer?slide=all"><em>Reader’s Digest.</em></a><em> For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA87V"><em>here’s our best subscription offer.</em></a></p>

Art

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Beautiful people don’t always win in the workplace

<p>Research has shown people deemed attractive <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2015.04.002">get paid more</a>, <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-8116(99)00014-2">receive better job evaluations</a> and are generally <a href="https://www.doi.org/10.1287/mnsc.2014.1927">more employable</a>. It’s even been shown that <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2357756">good-looking CEOs bring better stock returns</a> for their companies.</p> <p>In part, this may be because companies believe consumers are more likely to buy things from beautiful employees, which is perhaps why <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/06/02/the-rise-and-fall-of-abercrombies-look-policy/">retailers like Abercrombie &amp; Fitch</a> have used looks as criteria in their hiring process. Abercrombie says it <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2015/04/24/abercrombie-ditches-shirtless-models-with-new-policies.html">stopped doing that</a> in 2015.</p> <p>There’s some evidence, however, that this worker “beauty premium” may be wearing off – at least when it comes to employees who interact with consumers. In television commercials, for example, <a href="https://www.vox.com/the-goods/2018/10/18/17995804/bumble-spotify-dove-real-people-in-advertisements">retailers and other companies are increasingly using real people</a> – with all their physical flaws – rather than photoshopped models to give their brands an “authentic” feel.</p> <p>Research several colleagues and <a href="https://udayton.edu/directory/business/management_and_marketing/zhang-chun.php">I conducted</a> recently suggests that companies may be wise to take this approach with customers. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jretconser.2019.04.016">Our studies</a> show occasions where the beauty premium doesn’t hold – and can even backfire.</p> <p><strong>Beauty can create distance</strong></p> <p>In our first study, we wanted to better understand how consumers respond to attractive service employees.</p> <p>We invited 309 college students to read the same description of being served dinner at a restaurant and then look at an image of a person we described as their waiter.</p> <p>Participants randomly viewed either a male or female server whose facial features were edited to depict high or low levels of attractiveness, based on <a href="https://doi.org/10.1086/676967">prior research defining beauty</a>. Separately, we used similar objective measures of attractiveness to rate participants on the same scale.</p> <p>We then asked participants to rate the attractiveness of the server and how “psychologically close” they felt to him or her. Participants also graded customer satisfaction, the service quality and the likability of the waiter on a scale from low to high.</p> <p>We found that how close a consumer felt toward the waiter correlated with how they rated the quality of service they received. That is, if they felt distance from the waiter, they were more likely to give him or her poor marks. Furthermore, we found that people who thought the server was attractive but were themselves not good-looking – using our objective beauty assessment – were more likely to feel distance.</p> <p>We wanted to know whether this distance was actually more about how they perceived themselves than any objective measure. So we conducted a second similar study for which we recruited 237 people who were waiting to board a flight at China’s third-largest airport, located in Guangzhou. We asked them to read a scenario about receiving meal or other service from a flight attendant while aboard the plane and view a picture of the employee. Just as in the first study, participants randomly viewed either “attractive” or “unattractive” flight attendants.</p> <p>They then rated the attractiveness of the attendant as well as themselves and indicated whether they believe there’s a connection between beauty and skill. They also rated the service received.</p> <p>We found that participants who saw themselves as less good-looking felt more distance from an attractive flight attendant and were also more likely to perceive the service as lower quality. In addition, participants who said there isn’t a connection between beauty and skill also tended to assess attractive employees’ service as low quality.</p> <p>A third and final study, in which we surveyed consumers at a shopping mall who had just had a face-to-face encounter with a service employee, further confirmed the results of the first two. In each study, we found a clear connection between beautiful workers and unpleasant customer experiences for people who are less attractive.</p> <p>So in a world that admires and hires beautiful people, our research suggests there’s a potential downside, at least in the service sector.</p> <p><em>Written by Chun Zhang. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/beautiful-people-dont-always-win-in-the-workplace-123235"><em>The Conversation.</em></a></p>

Beauty & Style

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Is it legal to record a phone call in Australia?

<p>Is it legal to record a phone call in Australia?</p> <p>The rules vary across the nation when it comes to the legality of recording telephone calls.</p> <p>There are various reasons why someone might want to record a phone call, including to gather incriminating evidence against another person.</p> <p>But the reality is that it is normally against the law to record a phone call without the other person’s consent.</p> <p>In fact, ‘covertly’ (secretly) <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/the-law-in-nsw-recording-conversations/">using a listening device</a> such as a mobile phone or digital recorder and publishing or otherwise distributing that material can amount to a criminal offence.</p> <p>Here’s an outline of what the law says about recording phone calls in Australia.</p> <p><strong>Recording private conversations</strong></p> <p>The laws relating to using a listening device vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction; in other words, between states and territories.</p> <p>In addition to this, the question of whether a person has committed an unlawful act will generally depend on where they were when they engaged in the conduct.</p> <p>So for example, if Person A is in Victoria and pressed record on their iPhone whilst on the phone with Person B who was in New South Wales, it is generally the Victorian law or the <em>Surveillance Devices Act 1999</em> (Vic) that applies.</p> <p>What counts as a ‘listening device’ is very broad and includes anything used to overhear, record, monitor or listen to a private conversation, or to the words spoken to or by any person in a private conversation. It does not include hearing aids or other similar devices.</p> <p>The laws only apply to ‘private conversations’, which is one where the parties may reasonably assume that they don’t want to be overheard by others.</p> <p>One of the exceptions to the prohibition against recording and/or publishing or distributing records of private conversations is where police officers have obtained what’s known as a ‘surveillance device warrant’ – also known as a ‘wire tap’ – which allows for the recorded material to be used for investigations and tendered in court provided, of course, that the material is relevant to the proceedings at hand.</p> <p>These warrants can allow both undercover police officers and third parties, such as police informants, to lawfully record private conversations.</p> <p><strong>Between jurisdictions</strong></p> <p>It is legal in all jurisdictions to record a phone call if <strong><u>all parties</u></strong> to the phone call consent.</p> <p>Consent can either be explicit or implied. Implied consent occurs if a reasonable person would assume consent. For example, one person on a group call says “I will start recording the call now” and there is no objection, this will imply consent by all parties involved.</p> <p>In the <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/nt/num_act/sda200719o2007256/s11.html">Northern Territory</a> and <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/vic/consol_act/sda1999210/s6.html">Victoria</a> you can record a private conversation without consent of all parties as long as you are a party to the conversation yourself.</p> <p>A person is ‘a party’ to a private conversation if words are spoken by them or to them in the course of the conversation.</p> <p>Similar rules apply in <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/qld/consol_act/iopa1971222/s43.html">Queensland,</a> with an additional criteria that, once recorded, you cannot share the recording with anyone who wasn’t a party to the original conversation.</p> <p>In <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/nsw/consol_act/sda2007210/s7.html">New South Wales</a>, <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/tas/consol_act/lda1991181/s5.html">Tasmania</a> and the <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/act/consol_act/lda1992181/s4.html">Australian Capital Territory</a>, it is legal to record a private conversation without consent of all parties if you are a party to the conversation and either:</p> <ul> <li>It is reasonably believed that recording the conversation protects your lawful interests; or</li> <li>The recording is not made for the purpose of communicating or publishing the conversation, or a report of the conversation, to persons who are not parties to the conversation.</li> </ul> <p>In <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/sa/consol_act/sda2016210/s4.html">South Australia</a> and <a href="http://www8.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/wa/consol_act/sda1998210/s5.html">Western Australia</a>, it is generally illegal to record a private conversation without consent of all the parties even if you are a part to the conversation. Exceptions apply if:</p> <ul> <li>The recording is in the public interest; or</li> <li>The conversation was recorded to protect the lawful interests of one party.</li> </ul> <p>A ‘lawful interest’ includes if a person has a genuine fear for their safety (Groom v Police [2015] SASC 101) however may not include recordings designed to gain an advantage in civil or family proceedings (see Thomas &amp; Anor v Nash [2010] SASC 153).</p> <p>It is recommended that legal advice is sought before attempting to record a conversation without consent in order to protect the ‘public interest’ or protect the lawful interests of a party.</p> <p><strong>Penalties</strong></p> <p>Recording conversations in breach of the law could result in a criminal charge. The maximum penalties (or punishment) varies by jurisdiction but can include:</p> <ul> <li>250 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both (Northern Territory)</li> <li>240 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both for an individual and 1200 penalty for a body corporate (Victoria)</li> <li>40 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years or both (Queensland)</li> <li>100 penalty units or imprisonment for 5 years for an individual or both and 500 penalty units for a body corporate (New South Wales).</li> <li>40 penalty units or imprisonment for 2 years for an individual or both and 500 penalty for a body corporate (Tasmania)</li> <li>50 penalty units (Australian Capital Territory)</li> <li>$15,000 or imprisonment for 3 years or both for an individual and $75,000 for a body corporate (South Australia).</li> <li>$5,000 or imprisonment for 12 months or both for an individual and $50,000 for a body corporate (Western Australia).</li> </ul> <p>The value of a ‘penalty unit’ varies in each State and Territory, you can see how much each unit is worth <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/what-is-a-penalty-unit/">here</a>.</p> <p><strong>Can an illegal recording be used as evidence?</strong></p> <p>Generally, if a recording has been obtained illegally it cannot be used as evidence.</p> <p>However, the admissibility of evidence obtained via listening devices is a complex area of law and there are some exceptions where an illegally obtained recording <a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/can-evidence-that-is-recorded-illegally-be-used-in-court/">may still be used in court</a>.</p> <p>In most jurisdictions, the question of whether such evidence is admissible is governed by <a href="http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/cth/consol_act/ea199580/s138.html">section 138</a> of the Evidence Act 1995, which gives the court a “discretion to exclude improperly or illegally obtained evidence”.</p> <p>The section provides that unlawfully obtained evidence is not to be admitted unless the desirability of admitting the evidence outweighs the undesirability of admitting evidence that has been obtained in the way in which the evidence was obtained.</p> <p>In making that assessment the courts will look at a range of factors including the importance of the evidence in the proceedings, the gravity of the unlawful conduct used to obtain the evidence and the seriousness of the offence to which the evidence relates.</p> <p>If you plan to record a conversation in anticipation of a legal proceeding it is suggested you obtain legal advice to ensure you are doing so lawfully, in order to ensure the recording has the best chance of being admitted into evidence.</p> <p><em>Written by Jarryd Bartle. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://www.sydneycriminallawyers.com.au/blog/is-it-legal-to-record-a-phone-call-in-australia/"><em>Sydney Criminal Lawyers.</em></a></p> <p> </p> <p> </p>

Legal

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Duchess Kate opens up about the “isolation” she felt after the birth of Prince George

<p>The Duchess of Cambridge has revealed about how she felt as a new mum with her first son, Prince George.</p> <p>The 38-year-old royal member spoke during an engagement in Cardiff where she spoke to workers at a children and parents centre about how “nice to be back in Wales” it was.</p> <p>Duchess Kate lives with Prince William in Wales when he was working for the Royal Air Force.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7oZ6CLH8n1/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7oZ6CLH8n1/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Kate Middleton Brasil (@katemiddletonbrasil)</a> on Jan 22, 2020 at 10:04am PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>“I was chatting to some of the mums. It was the first year and I’d just had George – William was still working with search and rescue – and we came up here and I had a tiny, tiny baby in the middle of Anglesey,” the royal admitted candidly.</p> <p>“It was so isolated, so cut off. I didn’t have any family around, and he was doing night shifts.</p> <p>“So … if only I had had a centre like this.”</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7pDzc7Jpb0/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7pDzc7Jpb0/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by @adicted_to_the_royals</a> on Jan 22, 2020 at 4:10pm PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>The mum-of-three met with parents and their babies at the Ely and Caerau Children’s Centre as she revealed the new focus on promoting a project that encourages a focus on early childhood.</p> <p>Shortly after Prince George was born in 2013, the couple moved to the grand 18th century Anmer Hall in Norfolk.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7oK0QzJ2LZ/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7oK0QzJ2LZ/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by @adicted_to_the_royals</a> on Jan 22, 2020 at 7:52am PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>This location was near to William’s job as a pilot with the East Anglian Ambulance Service.</p> <p>After Princess Charlotte joined the family, Prince William and Duchess Kate made the decision to move to Kensington Palace in London during September 2017 so the couple could become full-time working royals and prepare for Prince George starting school.</p> <p>The couple share three children together starting with Prince George, 6, Princess Charlotte, 4, and their youngest, Prince Louis, 1.</p>

Beauty & Style

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Karl Stefanovic labels Richard Reid “tosser of the highest order”

<p><em>Today</em> morning show star Karl Stefanovic and occasional <em>Studio 10</em> co-host Richard Reid have appeared on Kyle and Jackie O’s radio show to blast each other.</p> <p>Stefanovic appeared on the KIIS FM’s breakfast show when he was asked how he had first felt when Reid revealed on <em>I’m A Celebrity … Get Me Out Of Here!</em> last year that the <em>Today</em> star had “hair plugs”.</p> <p>“So I go into the hair room, and this guy looks up and he’s kinda like balding. It was Karl Stefanovic without his spray-on hair … And then he went away and got hair plugs,” Reid said in the jungle.</p> <p>Well, it appears the Stefanovic took the <em>I’m A Celeb</em> star’s words to heart as he said he was “a tosser of the highest order”.</p> <p>“Richard and I have had a beautiful relationship over many years,” Stefanovic said to Kyle and Jackie O. “I never really saw him in person because he was always too busy flapping about.</p> <p>“When he said it (on <em>I’m A Celeb</em>) … I just thought, ‘You’re just a tosser! Richard Reid is a tosser of the highest order!’”</p> <p>Kyle and Jackie O proceeded to ring Reid after Karl’s segment ended to ask his thoughts on the “tosser” comments.</p> <p>“I think it might be a little stretch that our relationship was beautiful,” Reid said.</p> <p>“You two don’t like each other?” Kyle asked.</p> <p>“I like Karl just fine,” Reid replied. “I like him just fine, in small doses. I don’t have a problem with Karl … not much.”</p> <p>When asked why he had a bad relationship with Stefanovic, Reid went on to say: “Karl got a little full of himself. He started talking about himself in the third person. I just like everyone to be down to earth and accessible. He just got a little full of himself and I didn’t really care for that.”</p> <p>Reid also had a dig at the <em>Today</em> show’s poor ratings over the past few years, saying, “I kind of turned off like the rest of Australia”.</p> <p>Karl Stefanovic is currently back on air as host of the <em>Today</em> show after quitting back in 2018, alongside Allison Langdon. Richard Reid, who won <em>I’m A Celeb</em> last year, is a regular co-host on <em>Studio 10</em>.</p>

TV

News

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“Super brave girl”: Rafael Nadal's heartwarming gesture towards ball girl

<p>Rafael Nadal’s sweet gesture towards a ball girl has moved tennis fans around the world.</p> <p>The world number one player was on track to score a straight-sets win against Argentina’s Federico Delbonis on Thursday.</p> <p>But on the third set of their second-round match on Rod Laver Arena, Nadal slammed a forehand that hit a young ball girl on the head by accident.</p> <p>The girl gave a thumbs up to indicate she was fine, but Nadal and Delbonis went over to check on her. Nadal lifted the girl’s hat before kissing her on the cheek, drawing cheers from the audience.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">😱(🎥<a href="https://twitter.com/Eurosport_RU?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@Eurosport_RU</a> ) <a href="https://t.co/IR5B2Z42fu">pic.twitter.com/IR5B2Z42fu</a></p> — doublefault28 (@doublefault28) <a href="https://twitter.com/doublefault28/status/1220321521077489665?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 23, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>Nadal went on to win the match 6-3 7-6 (7-5) 6-1.</p> <p>“For her, probably it was not a good moment,” Nadal said after the match. “I was so scared for her, honestly.</p> <p>“She’s a super brave girl.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">*𝒯𝒽𝒶𝓉* ballkid moment, narrated by <a href="https://twitter.com/RafaelNadal?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@RafaelNadal</a> 📚<br /><br />❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️❤️<a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/AO2020?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#AO2020</a> | <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/AusOpen?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#AusOpen</a> <a href="https://t.co/tElLurAnQ1">pic.twitter.com/tElLurAnQ1</a></p> — #AusOpen (@AustralianOpen) <a href="https://twitter.com/AustralianOpen/status/1220324139296329730?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 23, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>Nadal is set to face fellow Spaniard Pablo Carreño Busta in the third round on Saturday.</p>

News

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Here’s what will happen the moment Prince Charles is crowned king

<div id="page1" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Unlike his mother, who unexpectedly became queen at just 25 years old when her father, King George VI, died suddenly, 71-year-old Prince Charles has spent his entire life in preparation to wear the crown. He’s the longest waiting heir apparent and will be the oldest British monarch to ever take the throne – and it’s still uncertain when that will happen. Although Queen Elizabeth II is 93 years old and the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.royal.uk/her-majesty-the-queen" target="_blank">longest-reigning</a> British monarch ever, longevity runs in her family: her father may have died young, but her mother lived to the age of 101. But with recent <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/01/world/europe/prince-charles-andrew-queen.html" target="_blank">reports</a> asserting Prince Charles is now taking charge of the monarchy more than ever, could he become king sooner than expected? We explore the different scenarios that may play out when the beloved Queen dies – or maybe even before.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>1. The Queen may still be alive when Prince Charles becomes King</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <div id="page2" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Rumours have been swirling in the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4785166/Is-Queen-preparing-abdicate.html" target="_blank">British press</a> that as the Queen becomes older, she may pass the crown to her son, who’s fully prepared to take on all the responsibilities of the monarchy while she is still alive. This would be called a ‘regency’. But, there are many reasons<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-reasons-queen-elizabeth-ii-will-never-give-up-the-throne" target="_blank">Queen Elizabeth will never give up the throne</a>.</p> <p>“I think it is unlikely that the Queen will officially retire, or that the Prince of Wales will formally assume the title of regent,” says Carolyn Harris, PhD, historian and author of <em>Raising Royalty: 1000 Years of Royal Parenting</em>. “In a radio broadcast on her 21st birthday, she vowed to devote her whole life, whether it was long or short, to the service of her people.”</p> <p>Although <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/research/monarchy-church-and-state/accession-and-coronation/planning-next-accession-and-coronation#Q11" target="_blank">comparison</a> has been made to other older European monarchs who have abdicated in recent years, Harris points out they were sworn into office through secular installation ceremonies rather than the Queen’s religious coronation ceremony in 1953, which contained sacred oaths. Even practically speaking, “the Queen is sovereign of 16 Commonwealth realms, and not all of them have a formal provision for a regency,” Harris says. “A regency might complicate the appointment of new Governors General in some of the Commonwealth realms.”</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>2. If the Queen is incapacitated, Prince Charles will become regent</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <div id="page3" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>But in the event that the Queen cannot actually act as queen, such as in the case of severe illness of mind or body, a regency with Prince Charles as Regent would be formed. According to the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/research/monarchy-church-and-state/accession-and-coronation/planning-next-accession-and-coronation#Q11" target="_blank">Constitution Unit</a> of the University of London’s (UCL) School of Public Policy, medical evidence is required, and three people out of the following have to agree to declare the sovereign is incapacitated: the Queen’s consort (her husband, Prince Philip), the Lord Chancellor, the Speaker of the House of Commons, the Lord Chief Justice, and the Master of the Rolls.</p> <p>But, this isn’t the most probable scenario. Instead, what will likely happen as the Queen ages is, “The Queen will retain her title and certain royal duties, while her son the Prince of Wales assumes a greater number of her public engagements and increased decision-making power behind the scenes,” Harris says. “The Prince of Wales already undertakes overseas travel to the Commonwealth on the Queen’s behalf, and in the coming years, he will assume more of the Queen’s duties in the United Kingdom.”</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>3. Upon Queen Elizabeth's death, Prince Charles will immediately become King</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <p>So, in all probability, the Queen will retain the crown until she passes. Here’s<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/true-stories-lifestyle/drama/16-things-will-happen-once-queen-elizabeth-ii-dies" target="_blank">what will happen when Queen Elizabeth dies</a>: At the moment of her death, Prince Charles will become king. An ‘<a rel="noopener" href="https://www.royal.uk/accession" target="_blank">Accession Council</a>’, consisting of the group of advisors to the sovereign known as the Privy Council, will convene at St James’s Palace, London, to formally recognise the transition and to proclaim Charles as the monarch. The King will then take an <a rel="noopener" href="https://privycouncil.independent.gov.uk/privy-council/the-accession-council/" target="_blank">oath</a> to, interestingly enough, preserve the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.royal.uk/queens-relationship-churches-england-and-scotland-and-other-faiths" target="_blank">Church of Scotland</a> (this is because the sovereign is only the head of the Church of England, not the Presbyterian Church of Scotland). Parliament will then be recalled for its members to take oaths of allegiance.</p> <p><strong>4. Prince Charles might not be King Charles</strong></p> <div id="page5" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>‘Charles’ was an interesting choice for Queen Elizabeth to name her future heir, because the first two King Charles are associated with the 17th-century English Civil War, when the monarchy was ousted for the first and only time in <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.royal.uk/kings-and-queens-1066" target="_blank">British history</a>. Charles I was beheaded, although Charles II was eventually restored to the throne and well-liked. But Elizabeth, who kept her given name as Queen, was actually unusual in doing so: most other British monarchs changed their names upon taking the throne. For example, Queen Victoria’s first name was Alexandrina. That said, “the Prince of Wales has been known by the public as Prince Charles for his whole life, so it is certainly possible that he will retain Charles as his regnal name as King,” Harris says, making him King Charles III. “Charles also has the option of choosing one of his middle names. If he were to choose George, he would be George VII, with his grandson Prince George of Cambridge likely to eventually become George VIII.”</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>5. Charles may change one of his titles</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <div id="page6" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>His first name may not be the only part of his title Prince Charles changes when he becomes King. The full title of the current sovereign is “Elizabeth the Second, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and of Her other Realms and Territories Queen, Head of the Commonwealth, Defender of the Faith.” That’s a mouthful, but there’s one part of it – one little word, actually – Charles has an issue with. “Prince Charles has taken a strong interest in interfaith dialogue, and there has been speculation that he would prefer the title of Defender of Faiths [or Faith] rather than Defender of the Faith,” Harris says.</p> <p>Charles has since rolled back his initial statements on the wording, though. “I said I would rather be seen as Defender of Faith all those years ago because…I mind about the inclusion of other people’s faiths and their freedom to worship in this country,” he told the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2015/feb/08/prince-charles-expresses-alarm-about-radicalisation-in-britain" target="_blank">BBC</a>. “And it always seems to me that while at the same time being defender of the faith you can also be protector of faiths.” Charles does have a say in the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/research/monarchy-church-and-state/accession-and-coronation/planning-next-accession-and-coronation#Q11" target="_blank">wording</a>, UCL says, so we’ll have to wait until his coronation to see what he finally settles on.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>6. The coronation may be different</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <div id="page7" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Speaking of the coronation, which as Harris says is a religious ceremony, Prince Charles may adapt this ritual as well. This ceremony is traditionally presided over by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Westminster Abbey and takes place several months after the last monarch’s death to allow for a period of mourning. At the ceremony, the new sovereign takes the coronation oath, which includes a promise to maintain the Church of England, and is ‘anointed, blessed and consecrated’ by the Archbishop,” the royal family’s <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.royal.uk/coronation" target="_blank">official website</a> states.</p> <p>But what about Charles? “The coronation will continue to be an Anglican service, but finding a place for other Christian denominations and other religions, as happened at the recent royal wedding,” UCL’s <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.ucl.ac.uk/constitution-unit/research/monarchy-church-and-state/accession-and-coronation/planning-next-accession-and-coronation#Q11" target="_blank">Constitution Unit</a> says. “Such people may be invited to give readings; and religious leaders other than Anglicans are likely to be seated prominently, as happened at the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee service at St Paul’s in 2012.”</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>7. Camilla may be queen</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <p>Although it didn’t always seem likely, right now the feeling among royal watchers is that Camilla will be named Queen Consort. “The longer the couple are married before Charles’s accession to the throne, and the greater Camilla’s public profile, the more likely she is to be formally styled Queen when Charles becomes King,” Harris says. Why wasn’t it thought previously that she’d be Queen? It had to do with her choice of current title. “Camilla is entitled to be Princess of Wales, as the wife of the Prince of Wales, but she instead uses another one of her titles, Duchess of Cornwall, as the title of Princess of Wales was closely associated with Prince Charles’s first wife, Diana, Princess of Wales,” Harris says.</p> <p>“Camilla’s use of a secondary title prompted speculation at the time of her marriage to Charles that she might be styled Princess Consort instead of Queen when Charles becomes King.” But as her popularity is increasing, this seems less likely now.</p> <p><strong>8. All eyes will be on Prince William</strong></p> <p>When Charles becomes King, Prince William will take on new titles, including the traditional styling given to the king-in-waiting. “William becomes Duke of Cornwall when Charles becomes King, and will be invested [formally named] as Prince of Wales,” Harris says. But that’s not the only way William’s role will change: because his father is already at an advanced age, it might not be long before Prince William takes the throne himself. “As the Prince of Wales will be in his 70s when he succeeds to the throne, there will be a lot of public interest in William and Catherine, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, and how William will be preparing to eventually assume the throne,” Harris says.</p> <p><strong>9. Charles will likely be a more outspoken monarch</strong></p> <p>The sovereign is supposed to be above politics, but Prince Charles is actually somewhat of a rebel in his <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.express.co.uk/news/royal/1206933/prince-charles-news-royal-family-queen-elizabeth-ii-monarchy-collapse-spt" target="_blank">tendency</a> to express his views on social and environmental issues. “In contrast to the Queen, who is careful to avoid expressing strong opinions in public – and instead encourages the people she meets at garden parties, receptions and walkabouts to speak about their own experiences – Charles is known to hold firm opinions on a variety of subjects including organic farming, architecture and sustainable development,” Harris says. “Climate change and environmental conservation are key political issues in the 21st century, and Charles will certainly not be seen as an impartial figure on these subjects, as his views are well-known.”</p> <div id="page10" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>10. But, he may temper his opinions</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <div id="page11" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>Prince Charles noted in a recent <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-46133114" target="_blank">BBC</a> interview, though, that his vocal manner will be toned down when he becomes king. “The idea somehow that I’m going to go on in exactly the same way, if I have to succeed, is complete nonsense,” he said. “I do realise that it is a separate exercise being sovereign.” But, he also expressed that the line between charitable works and “meddling” in politics isn’t always clear; for example, when he created the Prince’s Trust in 1976 to help underprivileged youth. “I’ve always been intrigued, if it’s meddling to worry about the inner cities as I did 40 years ago,” he said. “If that’s meddling, I’m very proud of it.”</p> <p>Plus, the Prince’s candidness may only be unusual when compared to the current monarch. “Queen Elizabeth II has reigned for such a long time, that her approach to her duties has become synonymous with constitutional monarchy in the popular imagination – her predecessors sometimes expressed open political opinions, but the Queen has been careful to remain above politics in the United Kingdom,” Harris says. Even so, “Charles will likely moderate his own approach to public duties to follow the Queen’s example, as the public expects the monarch to remain above politics.”</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>11. The monarchy may shrink</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <p>Another change that the Prince of Wales reportedly will institute has had royal watchers buzzing: he may trim down the monarchy in terms of the number of royals actively carrying out official responsibilities. “Prince Charles favours a more streamlined royal family with fewer people undertaking public duties,” Harris says. “In the Queen’s reign, her cousins the Duke of Kent, the Duke of Gloucester and Princess Alexandra undertake public duties, and the entire extended family gathers for pre-Christmas lunch and at Trooping the Colour in June. In Charles’s reign, there will be a strong focus on the monarch’s immediate family – his sons, daughters-in-law and grandchildren – and less of a public role for the extended royal family.” However, given Harry and Meghan’s recent defection, it remains to be seen how this will affect Charles position.</p> <p><strong>12. The Prince's brother may get the axe as well</strong></p> <div id="page13" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p>The notion of trimming down the monarchy gained steam recently after the Queen’s second son and Prince Charles’s brother, Prince Andrew, gave a disastrous interview about his friendship with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. The brothers had <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2180012/Princes-war-How-Charles-plans-slimmed-monarchy-driven-dagger-Andrews-heart--sparked-Palace-power-struggle.html" target="_blank">reportedly</a> already been on the outs over the idea of a streamlined monarchy since 2012 when only Prince Charles’ family stood on the Buckingham Palace balcony following the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. In the wake of this public scandal, Andrew made an <a rel="noopener" href="https://thedukeofyork.org/other/a-statement-by-his-royal-highness-the-duke-of-york-kg/" target="_blank">announcement</a> that he would “step back from public duties for the foreseeable future”. Prince Charles – and Prince William –<span> </span><a rel="noopener" href="https://www.vanityfair.com/style/2019/11/prince-charles-prince-andrew-showdown" target="_blank">reportedly</a> were in damage control and advised the Queen that Andrew had to be removed. With a smaller monarchy expected once Prince Charles becomes King, it may be <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7699443/RICHARD-KAY-asks-time-Prince-Charles-plan-streamlined-monarchy.html" target="_blank">unlikely</a> Andrew will return.</p> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><strong>13. The sounds and sights of Britain will be different</strong></div> <div class="at-below-post addthis_tool" data-url="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"> <p>In accordance with the normal changes that occur when a new British monarch takes the throne, certain differences will be apparent in the United Kingdom – including the wording of the national anthem. Instead of ‘God Save the Queen’, the wording of the national anthem will be ‘God Save the King’. The royal family’s <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.royal.uk/national-anthem" target="_blank">official website</a> states that although there’s no authorised version of the national anthem, “words are a matter of tradition…substituting ‘Queen’ for ‘King’ where appropriate.” In addition, the royal cypher (basically a fancy monogram), which appears on England’s iconic red postal boxes, will change from ‘ER’ for ‘Elizabeth II Regina’ to the new King’s cypher. <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.postalmuseum.org/blog/royal-cypher-appearances/" target="_blank">The Postal Museum</a> notes that this will only happen when new postal boxes are added; old ones won’t change. In addition, new stamps and banknotes will bear the <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.express.co.uk/news/royal/830010/banknotes-when-queen-elizabeth-dies-prince-charles-new-10-ten-note" target="_blank">King’s likeness</a>.</p> <div id="page14" class="slide-show"> <div id="test" class="slide"> <div class="slide-description"> <p><em>Source: <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.rd.com/culture/what-happens-prince-charles-becomes-king/" target="_blank">RD.com</a></em></p> <p><em>Written by Tina Donvito. This article first appeared in </em><a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king" title="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/13-things-that-will-happen-when-prince-charles-becomes-king"><em>Reader’s Digest</em></a><em>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, </em><em><a href="http://readersdigest.innovations.com.au/c/readersdigestemailsubscribe?utm_source=over60&amp;utm_medium=articles&amp;utm_campaign=RDSUB&amp;keycode=WRA93V">here’s our best subscription offer.</a></em></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div>

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Ex-PM Malcolm Turnbull says he “can’t explain” ScoMo’s decision to go to Hawaii

<p>Former Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull has accused the current Prime Minister of “downplaying” the risk of the bushfire crisis in a brutal new interview with the<span> </span><em><a rel="noopener noreferrer" href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-australia-51202534" target="_blank">BBC</a></em>.</p> <p>The former Liberal prime minister said that “everybody knew” Australia was tinder dry last year and that Morrison should have done more to prepare the country for the horrific bushfire season.</p> <p>“I do not know why Scott Morrison has acted the way he has. I mean to be very frank with you, I worked with him very closely, I’ve known him for 20 years at least, and I can’t explain his conduct,” he said.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">"Why is Australia as a nation, not also in the frontline of taking action to reduce climate change...?"<br /><br />Ex-Australian PM <a href="https://twitter.com/TurnbullMalcolm?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@TurnbullMalcolm</a> says climate change has been "turned into an ideological issue" when "it's simply a question of physics" <a href="https://t.co/aRdbYWoTNl">https://t.co/aRdbYWoTNl</a><a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Newsnight?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Newsnight</a> <a href="https://t.co/hc74qZjVTh">pic.twitter.com/hc74qZjVTh</a></p> — BBC Newsnight (@BBCNewsnight) <a href="https://twitter.com/BBCNewsnight/status/1219968482168791040?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 22, 2020</a></blockquote> <p> “I can’t explain why he didn’t meet the former fire commissioners who wanted to see him in March last year to talk about the gravity of the threat.</p> <p>“Everybody knew we were in a very dry time and as a consequence the fire season was likely to be very bad. So rather than doing what a leader should do and preparing people for that, he downplayed it and then of course chose to go away on holiday in Hawaii at the peak of the crisis.</p> <p>“It’s just not consistent with the way in which a Prime Minister would or should act in a national crisis like this.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">“Trump is the leading climate denier in the world.”<br /><br />Malcolm Turnbull, former Australian prime minister, says the conversation around global warming has turned into an ideological issue when it’s just a question of physics <a href="https://twitter.com/TurnbullMalcolm?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">@TurnbullMalcolm</a> | <a href="https://twitter.com/hashtag/Newsnight?src=hash&amp;ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">#Newsnight</a> <a href="https://t.co/38HBTrhufh">pic.twitter.com/38HBTrhufh</a></p> — BBC Newsnight (@BBCNewsnight) <a href="https://twitter.com/BBCNewsnight/status/1219758377661800448?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 21, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>Despite Morrison apologising for causing “great anxiety” to the Australian public, Turnbull has said that climate change denial is rampant throughout Australia and blames Tony Abbott.</p> <p>“How many more coral reefs have to be bleached? How many more million hectares of forest has to be burnt? How many more lives and homes have to be lost before the climate change deniers acknowledge they are wrong?” Turnbull questioned.</p> <p>“If a country like Australia is not prepared to grapple with these issues seriously - itself being on the front line of the consequences and being an advanced, prosperous, technologically sophisticated country with the means to do so - why would other countries take the issue as seriously as they should?”</p> <p>Turnbull then took aim at US President Donald Trump, saying he is playing a “destructive role”.</p> <p>"Trump is playing a very destructive role in terms of climate action. Trump makes no bones about it. He says global warming is rubbish," Mr Turnbull said.</p> <p>"Trump is trying to put a brake on global action to reduce emissions. The lack of American leadership is extremely damaging."</p>

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Prince Harry vows to “stop” The Crown series

<p>Prince Harry reportedly made a vow to a reporter to “stop” the popular Netflix series,<em> The Crown,</em> which focusses on the lives of his family.</p> <p>The Duke of Sussex made the startling statement to Royal Biographer Angela Levin during her appearance on breakfast TV, when she met him.</p> <p>"I'm going to make sure I stop it before they get to me," Levin claims Prince Harry had said.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7lqR75nqNi/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7lqR75nqNi/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by FAN PAGE (@mxghanmarkle)</a> on Jan 21, 2020 at 8:29am PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>While standing beside<span> </span><em>The Crown'</em>s historical consultant Robert Lacey while appearing on <em>BBC Breakfast</em>, Levin chimed in about Harry's views on the series after Lacey was asked if the drama was likely to cover the recent Sussex crisis.</p> <p>"When I went to interview Harry at the palace, the first thing he said to me when he shook my hand was 'Are you watching <em>The Crown?'</em>," the author revealed.</p> <p>"And I had been at the time and I felt very embarrassed," she also said.</p> <p>Skipping forward to the very end of their interview, Levin said: "I got up and he said 'I'm going to make sure I stop it before they get to me'".</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">Time tests us all. Queen Elizabeth II, played by Olivia Colman. <a href="https://t.co/U93SDwh3rk">pic.twitter.com/U93SDwh3rk</a></p> — The Crown (@TheCrownNetflix) <a href="https://twitter.com/TheCrownNetflix/status/1187746324885704704?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">October 25, 2019</a></blockquote> <p>The admission follows after both Prince Harry and his wife Meghan announced they would be taking a step back from their senior royal duties in order to see a self-funded lifestyle.</p> <p>Memes and trolling images popped up on social media just days after, which showed Duchess Meghan –who starred on the Netflix series<span> </span>Suits<span> </span>– appearing on<span> </span><em>The Crown</em><span> </span>as herself.</p> <p>However, the executive producer of the award-winning show, says it is highly unlikely to ever happen.</p> <p>"To be honest, whatever the life of <em>The Crown</em> is after where we are now, I doubt we'll ever go as far into the present day," Suzanne Mackie told<span> </span>PA.</p> <p>Season Three of the series, which is the latest season and currently streaming, is covering the royal events between 1964 and 1977.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7lqZDBgNzB/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B7lqZDBgNzB/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Alquilistas (@alquilistas)</a> on Jan 21, 2020 at 8:30am PST</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>Olivia Coleman stars as Queen Elizabeth II, Tobias Menzies is Prince Philip and Josh O'Connor plays as a young Prince Charles.</p>

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The smart way to access your money overseas

<p>We all know it takes more than simply packing to prepare for an overseas trip. When you’re in a foreign country, it’s essential to have your money ready for use at all times. However, converting your funds to the local currency can be a tricky process.</p> <p>Before you go and spend your hard-earned cash on your holiday, doing a bit of homework can help you get the best value. There are many ways to access the currency of your destination, but which one is the safest, most convenient – and most competitive?</p> <p>For Qantas Frequent Flyer members, travelling abroad is <span>easy</span> with <a href="https://www.qantasmoney.com/travel-money-card?alt_cam=au:cs:n:natcon::cs_jan_2020_natcon_:n:jancomp_native_over60:n:n&amp;utm_medium=Native+Content&amp;utm_source=&amp;utm_campaign=Travel+Money&amp;utm_content=-Native+Content-Travel+Money-Jan-2020">Qantas Travel Money</a>. <span>It’s the prepaid Mastercard built into the Qantas Frequent Flyer card. </span>Wherever your journey takes you Qantas Travel Money is made for travel, and allows you to manage dollars, pounds<span>,</span> yen  <span>and more </span>on the go while also reaping some serious rewards.</p> <p><strong>The many benefits of Qantas Travel Money</strong></p> <p>Keeping up with paper bills will be the least of your worries. With Qantas Travel Money you can load up to 1<span>0</span><span> foreign</span> currencies at any one time – including US and Canadian dollars, the UK pound, euro, Thai baht, New Zealand, Singapore, and Hong Kong dollars, Japanese yen and the UAE dirham, along with Australian dollars. Whether you’re on a budget or having an unexpected splurge, the card gives you the ability to manage your money effortlessly. Through the Qantas Money mobile app and website, you can top up, transfer funds and check your balance and transactions wherever you are.</p> <p>Security is also not an issue – the chip and PIN security ensure that only you can access your funds. Dropped your wallet while roaming? You may temporarily lock your card and access emergency funds if it’s lost or stolen. Mastercard Zero Liability and the Mastercard Qantas Travel Money 24/7 Global Support also ensure your balance is protected against fraudulent transactions<sup><span>#</span></sup>.</p> <p>Worried about fluctuating exchange rates? You can lock in the rates when you load <span>eligible </span>foreign currencies<span>~</span>, allowing you to skip on any conversion fees<sup><span>+</span></sup>. But if you run out of local funds during the trip, don’t fret – many more options are available. You can transfer between currencies, or simply tap on your loaded Australian dollars for any international transactions using the applicable daily rates wherever Mastercard is accepted.</p> <p>Best of all, you can earn as you spend throughout your travel. The Qantas Travel Money card is the only prepaid card to reward you with Qantas Points whenever you make a transaction – for every dollar you splash out <span>on eligible overseas purchases</span>, you’ll earn 1.5 Qantas Points. And <a href="https://www.qantasmoney.com/travel-money-card/features-and-benefits?alt_cam=au:cs:n:natcon::cs_jan_2020_natcon_:n:jancomp_native_over60:n:n&amp;utm_medium=Native+Content&amp;utm_source=&amp;utm_campaign=Travel+Money&amp;utm_content=-Native+Content-Travel+Money-Jan-2020">the benefits</a> don’t end once you return to the land down under; use the card for your everyday purchases such as petrol and groceries, and get 1 Qantas Point for every $4 spent<sup><span>^</span></sup>. That’s more chances for you to grab flights, upgrades and retail savings!</p> <p><strong>How Qantas Travel Money works</strong></p> <p>Qantas Frequent Flyer members are eligible for a Qantas Travel Money enabled membership card, which can be <a href="https://www.qantasmoney.com/travel-money-card/how-it-works?alt_cam=au:cs:n:natcon::cs_jan_2020_natcon_:n:jancomp_native_over60:n:n&amp;utm_medium=Native+Content&amp;utm_source=&amp;utm_campaign=Travel+Money&amp;utm_content=-Native+Content-Travel+Money-Jan-2020">requested online or over the phone</a>. Once you receive and activate the card, you can start setting up your PIN as well as topping up funds.</p> <p>You can load money onto the card in three convenient ways: bank transfer, BPAY, or through the Instant Load<sup><span>++</span></sup> option on the Qantas Money app<span> or website</span>.</p> <p>After your card is loaded, you’re good to go. Monitor your balances, view your transaction history, update your details and cash out the funds on your card to your Australian bank account at any time via the Qantas Money website. You can also move money between different currencies or make an instant transfer to another Qantas Travel Money cardholder using the app or website.</p> <p>Not yet a member of the loyalty program? Simply <a href="https://www.qantaspoints.com/join-now?code=QANTASMONEY">apply</a> for complimentary Qantas Frequent Flyer membership with the option of Qantas Travel Money.</p> <p><a href="https://www.qantasmoney.com/travel-money-card/competition?alt_cam=au:cs:n:cm::cs_jan_2020_cm_:n:jancomp_native_over60:n:n&amp;utm_medium=Content+Mktg&amp;utm_source=&amp;utm_campaign=Travel+Money&amp;utm_content=-Content+Mktg-Travel+Money-Jan-2020-100k+competition-NA-Lifestyle+image-NA-Over+60s">Activate Qantas Travel Money</a> for the chance to win a share of $100,000. Ten lucky winners will receive $10,000 loaded onto their Qantas Travel Money card, with 10 foreign currencies to choose from<span>*</span>.</p> <p><em>This is a sponsored post written in partnership with Qantas Travel Money.</em></p> <p><sub><span>Qantas Travel Money is a prepaid Mastercard® payment facility built into the back of the Qantas Frequent Flyer Membership Card. To be eligible to receive the Qantas Card with the option of Qantas Travel Money you must be an Australian resident Qantas Frequent Flyer member 16 years of age or older. Before you can use Qantas Travel Money you must activate the facility on your Qantas Card. Apply to activate your facility by visiting<a href="https://t.e.qantas.com/r/?id=h64de174a,1d6f1f21,1d6fd488"> qantastravelmoney.com/activate</a>. Heritage Bank Limited (AFSL 240984) (the Issuer) issues Qantas Travel Money under arrangements between it, Qantas Airways Limited (AFS representative number 261363) and Mastercard Prepaid Management Services Australia Pty Ltd (AFSL 386837) (a Mastercard business). Mastercard Prepaid Management Services Australia Pty Ltd distributes Qantas Travel Money (together with Qantas which is an authorised representative of Mastercard Prepaid Management Services Australia Pty Ltd for the purposes of providing general financial product advice with respect to Qantas Travel Money). Mastercard Prepaid Management Services Australia Pty Ltd can be contacted at customercare@qantastravelmoney.com. Mastercard Prepaid Management Services Australia Pty Ltd and Qantas earn foreign exchange revenue from Qantas Travel Money transactions. Mastercard Prepaid Management Services Australia Pty Ltd receives a processing fee from domestic Qantas Travel Money "point of sale" transactions. Qantas receives revenue generated by Qantas Travel Money transactions based on interchange fees paid to the Issuer, deposits held by the Issuer, cardholder fee and certain rebates and incentives from Mastercard Asia/Pacific Pte. Ltd. This promotion has been prepared without taking into account your objectives, financial situation or needs and you should consider the appropriateness of the Qantas Travel Money facility having regard to those matters. A Product Disclosure Statement (<a href="https://t.e.qantas.com/r/?id=h64de174a,1d6f1f21,1d6fd48%39">PDS</a>) in respect of Qantas Travel Money is available via <a href="https://t.e.qantas.com/r/?id=h64de174a,1d6f1f21,1d6fd48a">qantastravelmoney.com</a> and will also be given to applicants. A person should obtain and consider the <a href="https://t.e.qantas.com/r/?id=h64de174a,1d6f1f21,1d6fd48b">PDS</a> before making any decisions about whether to acquire or continue to hold the prepaid facility. Mastercard is a registered trademark, and the circles design is a trademark of Mastercard International Incorporated.</span></sub></p> <p><sub><span># Terms and conditions apply. Visit <a href="http://qantasfw.custmta.com/re?l=D0Is48wutI7u4fn3iIp">www.mastercard.com.au</a> for details.</span></sub></p> <p><sub><span>~ Exchange rates for initial loads and subsequent reloads made using Bank Transfer or BPAY via <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__qantasfw.custmta.com_re-3Fl-3DD0Is4fivaI7u4fn3iI15ITk3qytudj-26s-3DGEFNHDBEJDGDLOMD&amp;d=DwMFaQ&amp;c=8bHjhITO0F85Cmi91C_4TA&amp;r=0Tl85br3MHBkj8NCJCeX3fXhNyMapEVVE3s17e9cD_8&amp;m=PyZ4yWexHFoJDjSyZ9VFbCKLZg2QX-unN18UfF4X1KQ&amp;s=MifVuA6jLKnEoNbYh7dv1QfLT8ududgjeA0mIbjI6Xc&amp;e=">qantastravelmoney.com</a> will be set at the prevailing exchange rate set out at <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__qantasfw.custmta.com_re-3Fl-3DD0Is4fivaI7u4fn3iI16ITk3qytudj-26s-3DGEFNHDBEJDGDLOMD&amp;d=DwMFaQ&amp;c=8bHjhITO0F85Cmi91C_4TA&amp;r=0Tl85br3MHBkj8NCJCeX3fXhNyMapEVVE3s17e9cD_8&amp;m=PyZ4yWexHFoJDjSyZ9VFbCKLZg2QX-unN18UfF4X1KQ&amp;s=Ka0lFsparkC8E9jf7sgba2TZH-EICFp5Y8yNf_uyh-c&amp;e=">qantastravelmoney.com</a> at the time you request the load provided you settle the transaction within four hours. Different exchange rates apply for loads initiated directly via Bank Transfer or BPAY using your Unique Payment Details (i.e. not via <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__qantasfw.custmta.com_re-3Fl-3DD0Is4fivaI7u4fn3iI17ITk3qytudj-26s-3DGEFNHDBEJDGDLOMD&amp;d=DwMFaQ&amp;c=8bHjhITO0F85Cmi91C_4TA&amp;r=0Tl85br3MHBkj8NCJCeX3fXhNyMapEVVE3s17e9cD_8&amp;m=PyZ4yWexHFoJDjSyZ9VFbCKLZg2QX-unN18UfF4X1KQ&amp;s=6yJl2nc1YnyAdfv60WmXmsBF5-wvC_rkqwL-qBd60FY&amp;e=">qantastravelmoney.com</a>). For more information on how exchange rates are set and applied, see the <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__qantasfw.custmta.com_re-3Fl-3DD0Is4fivaI7u4fn3iI18ITk3qytudj-26s-3DGEFNHDBEJDGDLOMD&amp;d=DwMFaQ&amp;c=8bHjhITO0F85Cmi91C_4TA&amp;r=0Tl85br3MHBkj8NCJCeX3fXhNyMapEVVE3s17e9cD_8&amp;m=PyZ4yWexHFoJDjSyZ9VFbCKLZg2QX-unN18UfF4X1KQ&amp;s=bqdwlX_cnaBEQEtXB9qLJTPGRh7nePX8CRcegqWJizM&amp;e=">PDS</a>.</span></sub></p> <p><sub><span>+ A foreign exchange rate will apply to foreign transactions as set out in the PDS. Other fees and charges may apply. </span></sub></p> <p><sub><span>^ Eligible purchases do not include money orders, traveller’s cheques, gambling chips, adult entertainment, purchasing foreign currencies in cash or the making of payment(s) towards any credit cards, loans or other financial debt that is not incurred with respect to goods and services. You will not earn Qantas Points when transferring funds to another currency balance or another member’s facility, when withdrawing funds from ATMs, cashing out your facility balance or for over the counter withdrawals. Purchases that are reversed, refunded or charged-back are also ineligible for points earned, in addition to fees incurred. Qantas Points are earned as follows: 1.5 Qantas Points per AU$1 spent in foreign currency and 1 Qantas Point per AU$4 spent in Australian dollars. Qantas Points are calculated using the Qantas Travel Money Daily Rate as defined in the PDS, and may vary daily. For more information see <a href="http://qantastravelmoney.com/">qantastravelmoney.com</a> or contact Mastercard Qantas Travel Money Global Support.</span></sub></p> <p><sub><span>++ Fees and charges may apply. See the <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__qantasfw.custmta.com_re-3Fl-3DD0Is4fivaI7u4fn3iI19ITk3qytudj-26s-3DGEFNHDBEJDGDLOMD&amp;d=DwMFaQ&amp;c=8bHjhITO0F85Cmi91C_4TA&amp;r=0Tl85br3MHBkj8NCJCeX3fXhNyMapEVVE3s17e9cD_8&amp;m=PyZ4yWexHFoJDjSyZ9VFbCKLZg2QX-unN18UfF4X1KQ&amp;s=U1TStY6nb0a7zTV3lWn6JgNZIi0W1Lg_LGZ7HSq9rZc&amp;e=">PDS</a>.</span></sub></p> <p><sub><span>* Promoter: Qantas Airways Limited. Eligible Entrants: Australia resident Qantas Frequent Flyer members aged 18 years or over. Promotion Period: 12:01am (AEDT) 13 January 2020 - 11:59pm (AEDT) 29 February 2020. Entry: Eligible Entrants must successfully activate Qantas Travel Money for one entry and/or load AU$1,500 equivalent in foreign currency onto Qantas Travel Money for fifteen entries. Draw: 2:00pm on Tuesday 17 March 2020 at MDSA, Level 17, 40 Mount Street, North Sydney NSW 2060. Prize: 10 x $10,000 (equivalent in foreign currency). The funds will be credited to the winner's Qantas Travel Money facility within four weeks from the date the winner confirms their chosen currency with Qantas. Maximum total prize pool: AU$100,000. Winner notification: By email or phone within 2 business days of the draw. Winner's names will be published online at <a href="http://qantastravelmoney.com/competition">qantastravelmoney.com/competition</a> from Tuesday 24 March 2020 and in The Australian newspaper on Tuesday 24 March 2020. For full competition terms and conditions go to <a href="http://qantastravelmoney.com/competition-terms">qantastravelmoney.com/competition-terms</a>. Authorised under permit numbers: NSW Permit No. LTPS/19/40397, ACT Permit No. TP19/04759 &amp; SA Licence No. T19/2037.</span></sub></p>

International Travel

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Shakespeare fans can stay in Juliet’s House this Valentine’s Day

<p>Looking for a unique Valentine’s Day gift? This year, you have the opportunity to give the love of your life a special one: an overnight stay at Juliet’s House in the Italian city of Verona.</p> <p>Airbnb is giving one couple access to the 13<sup>th</sup> century Casa di Giulietta, where it was believed that William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet first declared their love to each other.</p> <p>The winning couple will be the first to stay in Juliet’s bedroom since 1930, Airbnb said. They will also be able to enjoy a candlelit feast cooked by two-Michelin-star chef Giancarlo Perbellini and go on a private tour of Verona with a professional photographer.</p> <p>Couples who wish to be in the running for the prize are encouraged to submit a letter to Juliet with their “poignant love story” and explanation as to why they should win the romantic getaway.</p> <p>“This stay will give one couple the unique chance to celebrate their love in what is possibly the most romantic home in the history of literature,” said Giacomo Trovato, Airbnb’s general manager for Italy.</p> <p>“Juliet’s House is the most important museum in the city of Verona, attracting millions of visitors every year,” said Federico Sboarina, mayor of Verona Municipality.</p> <p>“Partnering with Airbnb brings the widely known Shakespearian myth of Romeo and Juliet to life in a way never before offered. We are excited to promote our cultural heritage, share traditions that were previously safeguarded, and bring international visibility to the city of Verona.”</p> <p>Entries can be submitted at <span><a href="https://www.airbnb.co.uk/d/juliet">Airbnb’s website</a></span> until Feb 2, 11.59pm ET.</p>

International Travel

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Why celebrity concern about bushfires could do more harm than good

<p>From Australian superstars such as Cate Blanchett, Russell Crowe, Chris Hemsworth and Nicole Kidman to Hollywood heavyweights including Ellen DeGeneres and Bette Midler, a lengthening list of celebrities are helping to shine a spotlight on Australia’s bushfires.</p> <p>Some have donated <a href="https://www.businessinsider.com.au/aussie-celebrities-and-sports-stars-are-pledging-big-donations-to-bushfire-relief-efforts-2020-1">large sums of money </a>and used social media to publicise their donations, encouraging fans to follow suit. Some have used their profile and platforms such as the Golden Globes awards to draw attention to the fires. Others are donating items for auction or appearing in charity events.</p> <p>For attracting attention and money to a cause, celebrity-driven attention is hard to beat. But there’s also a downside. If that interest is superficial and fleeting, it may actually hinder recovery efforts in disaster-ravaged regions.</p> <p>Our research into <a href="https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:263209">disaster recovery efforts for Victoria’s Gippsland region</a> after the deadly “Black Saturday” fires in 2009 suggests celebrities’ best contribution needs to be in the weeks and months to come – and requires them putting “boots on the ground”.</p> <p><strong>Negative implications</strong></p> <p>Studies confirm the influence of messages from celebrities, be it <a href="https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:227015">brand choice</a>, <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235261651_If_Kate_voted_Conservative_would_you_The_role_of_celebrity_endorsements_in_political_party_advertising">political opinion</a> or <a href="https://news.rutgers.edu/news-release/celebrity-endorsements-lead-increases-charitable-donations-public/20130926#.Xh5oEFczaUk">charitable giving</a>.</p> <p>It’s great that celebrities want to use their influence for good causes. Not all celebrity advocacy, though, should be applauded uncritically. One study has suggested it is <a href="https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1367877914528532">less effective than sometimes supposed</a> for development causes, and can simplify a complex issue to a single outcome – usually giving money. This fails to address how people can make an ongoing difference in other ways.</p> <p>In terms of natural disasters, a very practical way to help communities recover is the resumption of tourism. Perceptions play a big part in this, and celebrities can play a big part in <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1300/J073v02n02_12">forming images</a>. It’s why they have long featured in tourism campaigns, from Paul Hogan in the 1980s to Kylie Minogue and others in the humorously idealised imagery presented by Tourism Australia to Britons a few weeks ago.</p> <div class="embed-responsive embed-responsive-16by9"><iframe class="embed-responsive-item" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/QMAq8F8N2Fg"></iframe></div> <p>Now these images are being replaced by the message globally that Australia is “<a href="https://www.nbcnews.com/science/environment/australia-fire-literally-so-are-its-climate-politics-n1104351">on fire, literally</a>”, and that much of the country is an “<a href="https://www.greenqueen.com.hk/australia-is-literally-on-fire-because-of-climate-change-so-why-wont-more-governments-act/">apocalyptic nightmare</a>”.</p> <p><strong>Tourism effects</strong></p> <p>Even if celebrities have the best of intentions, their emotional appeals and shared of images of red skies and smoke-filled cities along with heartbreaking images of devastation and loss can contribute to fans cancelling holidays plans, even while they’re donating to bushfire appeals.</p> <p><a href="https://www.sbs.com.au/news/tourism-industry-suffers-as-bushfire-images-scare-off-international-travellers">There are already reports</a>, for example, of tourists aborting plans for visits months away. The <a href="https://qualitytourismaustralia.com/">Australian Tourism Industry Council</a> says cancelled bookings in towns unaffected by the bushfires <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/tourism-industry-takes-1b-hit-as-australians-cancel-their-holidays-20200115-p53rr1.html">are up to 60%</a>. The <a href="https://www.atec.net.au/">Australian Tourism Export Council</a> estimates the loss of international bookings will cost the nation <a href="https://www.afr.com/companies/tourism/tourism-loses-4-5b-to-bushfires-as-overseas-visitors-cancel-20200116-p53s0s">at least A$4.5 billion</a> in 2020, hurting regional areas the most.</p> <p>It doesn’t help when <a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-08/misleading-fire-maps-go-viral-during-australian-bushfire-crisis/11850948">misleading information</a> is spread, as the American singer Rihanna inadvertently did when she <a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-08/misleading-fire-maps-go-viral-during-australian-bushfire-crisis/11850948">shared an image on Twitter</a> that exaggerated the size of the bushfires. This image suggested huge swathes of Australia were no-go zones.</p> <p>Ellen Degeneres did something similar in telling her audience “<a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSWveTGTMBA">nearly a third of their habitat has been destroyed</a>”. This was an exaggerated misstatement of Australia’s environment minister saying <a href="https://www.abc.net.au/radio/programs/am/govt-is-working-to-address-threats-to-native-species:-ley/11828480">a third of koala habitat in New South Wales</a> had been destroyed.</p> <p><a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1447677016300626">Our research confirms</a> the further someone is from a destination in crisis, the more likely they are to be confused about the location and think a greater area is affected.</p> <p>Fires in the Blue Mountains area of New South Wales, for example, were called “the "Sydney fires” elsewhere in Australia. Overseas they were referred to as the “Australian bushfires”, confusing domestic and international tourists.</p> <p><strong>Where celebrities can really help</strong></p> <p>So while celebrities might have the very best of motivations, their contribution in generating donations in the short term might be offset by the longer-term effect of amplifying the misconception that Australia is not safe for tourists.</p> <p>This is demonstrated by past experience. After Victoria’s 2009 Black Saturday fires, the Gippsland region experienced a major tourism downturn, despite just 5% of the region being directly affected.</p> <p>But celebrites can also use their mass-pull to aid tourism recovery.</p> <p><a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10548408.2012.638565">Our research</a> suggests their star power is unmatched as a means to encourage tourists back to regions recovering from disaster.</p> <p>In the case of Gippsland, <a href="https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10548408.2012.638565">we surveyed 691 people</a> with nine different advertising messages. Themes included solidarity, community readiness and even short-term discounts. We found celebrity endorsement made the greatest impression, with test subjects indicating it made them more likely to visit the region.</p> <p>In the months after the Black Saturday bushfires, former Miss Universe Jennifer Hawkins and legendary cricketer Shane Warne <a href="https://thenewdaily.com.au/news/national/2019/02/07/black-saturday-media-moments/">visited affected towns</a>. These highly publicised events sent the message these towns were ready to welcome visitors again.</p> <p>So celebrities can definitely help in the coming weeks and months.</p> <p>They can share positive stories about local communities’ resilience, and maybe even visit.</p> <p>This is likely to do more for recovery efforts in the long term than helping to spruik for donations.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/129627/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/gabrielle-walters-159430">Gabrielle Walters</a>, Associate Professor, School of Business, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/the-university-of-queensland-805">The University of Queensland</a>; <a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/judith-mair-11132">Judith Mair</a>, Associate Professor, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/the-university-of-queensland-805">The University of Queensland</a>, and <a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/monica-chien-933029">Monica Chien</a>, Senior lecturer, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/the-university-of-queensland-805">The University of Queensland</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/celebrity-concern-about-bushfires-could-do-more-harm-than-good-to-help-they-need-to-put-boots-on-the-ground-129627">original article</a>.</em></p>

Travel Trouble

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Death toll doubles as experts say coronavirus is “as deadly as Spanish flu”

<p>The Chinese government has quarantined the city where the deadly coronavirus originated and now plans to shut down the airport and public transport, according to Chinese media.</p> <p>It is also believed that China has drastically under reported the amount of people affected by the mysterious disease that is now making its way around the world.</p> <p>The number of deaths has risen to 17 – almost doubling in the last 24 hours – according to officials in the Hubei province. Over 500 people are currently infected.</p> <p>But there are fears that the number is closer to 10,000, with warnings the new strain is “as deadly as Spanish flu” which killed 50 million people.</p> <p>Expert in mathematical biology at Imperial College London, Professor Neil Ferguson, said the death toll was “roughly the same as The Spanish flu epidemic, at around one in 50”.</p> <p>Wuhan was once a bustling city, but now, it’s quickly turned into a ghost town as doctors try their best to treat the victims.</p> <p>“Do not go to Wuhan. And those in Wuhan, please do not leave the city,” said National Health Commission vice-minister Li Bin.</p> <p>He also added that people should not leave the city unless there's “special circumstances”.</p> <p>Speaking to<span> </span><em>The Sun</em>, a reporter at the scene, who does not want to be identified revealed that people are shutting themselves indoors as they’re fearful of the deadly disease.</p> <p>Incidents of the infection have been reported in Japan, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and the US, as well as Hong Kong and Macau.</p> <p>There was one suspected case in Brisbane, Australia but he has since been cleared and released from home isolation.</p> <p>North Korea has taken the step to ban foreign tourists from entering the country as a way of safeguarding against the spread of the deadly virus.</p>

Travel Trouble

Health

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Why accidents and emergencies seem to dramatically slow down time

<p>A few years ago I had a car crash. I was driving in the middle lane of a motorway, when a truck pulled out from the inside lane and hit the side of our car, spinning us around, and then hitting us again.</p> <p>As soon as the truck hit us, everything seemed to go into slow motion. There was a very long gap between the sound of impact and the beginning of the car’s spin. I looked behind and the other cars on the motorway seemed to be moving extremely slowly, almost as if they were stationery.</p> <p>I felt as though I had a lot of time to observe the whole scene, and to try to regain control of the car. I was surprised by how clear and vivid everything became, and how much detail I was taking in. There was a strange sense of quietness too.</p> <p>We span around for a few seconds, before careering into a crash barrier on the hard shoulder. Then everything seemed to switch back into normal time again. (Luckily, my wife and I were uninjured.)</p> <p>My altered perception of time during the seconds of the crash is a common experience. Since <a href="https://www.stevenmtaylor.com/books/making-time/">writing a book</a> and several articles on the subject, people regularly send me accounts of accidents and other moments of sudden shock which bring about an extreme slowing down of time.</p> <p>One woman told me how she rushed to save her children from the dangers of a nearby fire:</p> <blockquote> <p>Time seemed to stop, enabling me to do this. I moved first one child out and handed her over to a girl that came to help, and then I went back and woke up my eldest, scooped up the baby and then my eldest … I will never forget the moments of absolute clarity and calmness. It didn’t feel like I was even in my own body. Whatever happened, I remain extremely grateful.</p> </blockquote> <p>Another woman described a horrific experience when two men tried to rape her, telling me: “I was able to defend myself and escape because everything was so slow that I had time to react faster than the men attacking me.”</p> <p>I’ve been sent similar reports about people’s experience of robberies and assaults, dangerous confrontations with wild animals, and natural disasters. So why does time seem to slow down in these moments of emergency?</p> <p>One possible explanation may lie with a neurological or psychological ability that our ancestors developed as an aid to survival. The ability to slow down our time perception increases our chances of surviving emergency situations, because it gives us more time to respond to the situation, to prepare and position ourselves. In this sense, we could perhaps interpret the ability as an evolutionary adaptation.</p> <p>Another possibility is that the “time-slowing” effect is due to the increased number of impressions and perceptions of our surroundings that our minds absorbs during these moments. It does seem to be the case that increased information-processing slows down <a href="https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/2c7nMpXf7ckY4tRlpfB4sdq/how-to-speed-up-or-slow-down-time">our experience of time</a>.</p> <p>This explanation leads to the idea that the time-slowing effect is a “recollective” phenomenon, due to the increased number of memories that are created in those few seconds. The neuroscientist David Eagleman has <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18074019">suggested this</a>, claiming that “time-slowing is a function of recollection, not perception: a richer encoding of memory may cause a salient event to appear, retrospectively, as though it lasted longer”.</p> <p>However, this seems to belie the subjective strength of the experiences. To anyone who has had one (myself included), there seems no doubt that the time expanding effect is happening in the present, rather than a belated effect of recollection.</p> <p>In any case, the fact that these experiences bring an increased number of impressions could be an effect rather than a cause. That is, a slowed down sense of time may be the very reason we become able to absorb many more impressions.</p> <p><strong>A different mode of consciousness</strong></p> <p>While these explanations may well be contributing factors, I think the main reason for the time-slowing effect of accidents and emergencies is that they bring about an abrupt shift into a different mode of consciousness.</p> <p>Our normal sense of time passing is a function of our normal state of consciousness. But there are many varieties of altered states of consciousness in which time slows down drastically.</p> <p>Think of <a href="https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/for-athletes-time-really-does-slow-down-29426468/">athletes when they are “in the zone”</a> for example, or states of <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810013000792">deep meditation</a>, or being under the <a href="http://cogprints.org/4034/1/Psychedelic_Neurochemistry2.htm">influence of psychedelic drugs</a>. (There are also some altered states in which time appears to pass very quickly, such as hypnosis.)</p> <p>Our sense of time passing isn’t absolute or fixed. Time has no “normal” speed. Instead, our experience of time is generated by our psychological structures and processes.</p> <p>What we experience as normal time is simply a normal state of consciousness. Once our normal psychological structures and processes change, our sense of time alters too. But this altered sense of time is just as valid as our normal sense of time.</p> <p>A more extreme interpretation would be that – as is suggested by some of the <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-04558-7">findings of quantum physics</a> – time is a kind of illusion. It is created by our minds, and does not exist outside them.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/122569/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/steve-taylor-716768">Steve Taylor</a>, Senior Lecturer in Psychology, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/leeds-beckett-university-1315">Leeds Beckett University</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/why-accidents-and-emergencies-seem-to-dramatically-slow-down-time-122569">original article</a>.</em></p>

Mind

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​Royal Proposal: Prince William's romantic reflection with Duchess Kate

<p>The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge hosted a special reception on behalf of the Queen at Buckingham Palace on Monday evening to mark the UK-Africa summit.</p> <p>The couple were joined by Prince Edward and his wife, the Countess of Wessex along with Princess Anne.</p> <p>During the event, Prince William spoke candidly about his own love for the African continent, and included a sweet anecdote about his proposal to Duchess Catherine that took place almost a decade ago.</p> <p>"The African continent holds a very special place in my heart,” the Duke began.</p> <p>"It was the place my father took my brother and me shortly after my mother died.</p> <p>"And when deciding where best to propose to Catherine, I could think of no more fitting place than Kenya to get down on one knee," he said with a smile.</p> <p>At the time he proposed to his then-girlfriend with his late mother’s famous blue Ceylon sapphire and diamond ring.</p> <p>He continued, "Throughout my life, I have been lucky enough to spend time in many other parts of Africa.</p> <p>"I'm also honoured to be the Patron of the Royal African Society and as Catherine and I have said to several of you here tonight we hope to have a chance to visit man more countries in the future and share our mutual love of your continent with our children."</p> <p>Duchess Catherine was a picture of ruby red perfection in a sheer and sequinned gown by Needle &amp; Thread, which she paired with matching suede pumps and elegant waves.</p> <p>Countess Sophie, who was also in the midst of celebrating her 55th birthday, also opted for stunning red Alaia dress with capped sleeves.</p> <p>Just like his younger brother Prince Harry, the Duke of Cambridge holds Africa incredibly close to his heart.</p> <p>The Duke of Sussex said visiting Africa allowed him to heal after the tragic loss of his mother, calling the place his “second home”.</p> <p>It has also been recently revealed, that years before meeting Duchess Meghan, he reportedly confessed to royal reporter Rebecca English about wishing he could walk away from royal life, move to Africa and become a tour guide.</p> <p>Scroll through the gallery to see the Duchess of Cambridge in her stunning red ball gown.</p>

Caring

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Tributes flow in upon the passing of Monty Python's Terry Jones

<p>Monty Python stars Michael Palin and John Cleese have led the tributes to Terry Jones, who has died at the age of 77.</p> <p>The actor and writer died at his North London home on Tuesday evening, four years after he was diagnosed with frontotemporal dementia.</p> <p>“His work with Monty Python, his books, films, television programs, poems and other work will live on forever, a fitting legacy to a true polymath,” Jones’ family said in a statement.</p> <p>“We, his wife Anna, children Bill, Sally, Siri and extended family would like to thank Terry’s wonderful medical professionals and carers for making the past few years not only bearable but often joyful. We hope that this disease will one day be eradicated entirely.”</p> <p>Tributes have flowed for the late Python, with fellow <em>Flying Circus </em>stars leading the remembrance.</p> <p>“It feels strange that a man of so many talents and such endless enthusiasm, should have faded so gently away,” John Cleese wrote.</p> <p>“Of his many achievements, for me the greatest gift he gave us all was his direction of <em>Life of Brian</em>. Perfection.”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">Just heard about Terry J<br /><br />It feels strange that a man of so many talents and such endless enthusiasm, should have faded so gently away...<br /><br />Of his many achievements, for me the greatest gift he gave us all was his direction of 'Life of Brian'. Perfection<br /><br />Two down, four to go</p> — John Cleese (@JohnCleese) <a href="https://twitter.com/JohnCleese/status/1219979583719690241?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 22, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>“It’s too sad if you knew him, but if you didn’t you will always smile at the many wonderfully funny moments he gave us,” said Eric Idle.</p> <p>Co-writer Sir Michael Palin told PA news agency: “He was kind, generous, supportive and passionate about living life to the full.</p> <p>“He was far more than one of the funniest writer-performers of his generation, he was the complete Renaissance comedian – writer, director, presenter, historian, brilliant children’s author, and the warmest, most wonderful company you could wish to have.”</p> <p>Other celebrities and comedy figures also honoured Jones on social media.</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">Farewell, Terry Jones. The great foot has come down to stamp on you. My god what pleasure you gave, what untrammelled joy and delight. What a wonderful talent, heart and mind</p> — Stephen Fry (@stephenfry) <a href="https://twitter.com/stephenfry/status/1219968120686813184?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 22, 2020</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">May the dear, great Terry Jones find eternal peace in the loving embrace of Jesus Christ. Or more likely of Brian.</p> — Russell Brand (@rustyrockets) <a href="https://twitter.com/rustyrockets/status/1220026467070832640?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 22, 2020</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">May the dear, great Terry Jones find eternal peace in the loving embrace of Jesus Christ. Or more likely of Brian.</p> — Russell Brand (@rustyrockets) <a href="https://twitter.com/rustyrockets/status/1220026467070832640?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 22, 2020</a></blockquote> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">💔 <a href="https://t.co/GRiFTZXztV">pic.twitter.com/GRiFTZXztV</a></p> — Pegg News (@simonpegg) <a href="https://twitter.com/simonpegg/status/1219971220801753089?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 22, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>Jones’ comedy series <em>Monty Python’s Flying Circus </em>first aired in October 1969. The show propelled the Monty Python group’s popularity and was followed by a number of films, including <em>Monty Python and the Holy Grail</em> (1975), <em>Life of Brian</em> (1979) and <em>The Meaning of Life</em> (1983).</p>

Caring

Lifestyle

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Do different drinks make you different drunk?

<p><a href="http://www.bbc.com/news/av/health-42072497/how-different-drinks-alter-your-mood">Reports of a study</a> linking different kinds of alcoholic drinks with different mood states were making the rounds in 2017. The <a href="http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/10/e016089">research used</a> 30,000 survey responses from the <a href="http://www.globaldrugsurvey.com">Global Drug Survey</a> and found that people attached different emotions to different alcoholic drinks.</p> <p>For instance, more respondents reported feeling aggressive when drinking spirits than when drinking wine.</p> <p>We all have friends who swear they feel differently when drinking different types of alcohol. But can different drinks really influence your mood in different ways?</p> <p><strong>Alcohol is alcohol</strong></p> <p>Let’s cut to the chase. No matter what the drink, the active ingredient is the same: ethanol.</p> <p>When you have a drink, ethanol enters the bloodstream through the stomach and small intestine and is then processed in the liver. The liver can process only a limited amount of alcohol at a time so any excess remains in the blood and travels to other organs, including your brain where mood is regulated.</p> <p>The direct effects of alcohol are the same whether you drink wine, beer or spirits. There’s no evidence that different types of alcohol cause different mood states. People aren’t even very good at recognising their <a href="http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2167702616689780?journalCode=cpxa">mood states</a> when they have been drinking.</p> <p>So where does the myth come from?</p> <p><strong>Grape expectations</strong></p> <p>Scientists have studied specific <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2965491/">alcohol-related beliefs</a> called “expectancies”. If you believe a particular type of drink makes you angry, sad or sexed up, then it is more likely to.</p> <p>We develop expectancies from a number of sources, including our own and others’ experiences. If wine makes you relaxed, it’s probably because you usually sip it slowly in a calm and relaxed atmosphere. If tequila makes you crazy, maybe it’s because you usually drink it in shots, which is bound to be on a wild night out.</p> <p>Or if you regularly saw your parents sitting around on a Sunday afternoon with their friends and a few beers, you might expect beer to make you more sociable. Kids as young as six have been <a href="http://www.jsad.com/doi/abs/10.15288/jsa.1990.51.343">found to have expectancies</a> about alcohol, well before any experience of drinking.</p> <p>We build conscious and unconscious associations between alcohol and our emotions every time we drink or see someone else drinking.</p> <p>We could even be influenced by music and art. “Tequila makes me crazy” is a common belief, which also happens to be a line in a <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q8XkLrErSHw">Kenny Chesney</a> song, and Billy Joel’s <em><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gxEPV4kolz0">Piano Man</a> </em>might reinforce the idea that gin makes you melancholy.</p> <p><strong>It’s the ‘how’ more than the ‘what’</strong></p> <p>Other chemicals, called congeners, can be produced in the process of making alcohol. Different drinks produce different congeners. Some argue these could have different effects on mood, but the only real effect of these chemicals is on the taste and smell of a beverage. They can also contribute to a <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20712591">cracker of a hangover</a>.</p> <p>But there is no evidence that these congeners produce specific mood or behavioural effects while you are drinking.</p> <p>The critical factor in the physical and psychological effects you experience when drinking really comes down to how you drink rather than what you drink. Different drinks have different alcohol content and the more alcohol you ingest – and the faster you ingest it – the stronger the effects.</p> <p>Spirits have a higher concentration of alcohol (40%) than beer (5%) or wine (12%) and are often downed quickly, either in shots or with a sweet mixer. This rapidly increases blood alcohol concentration, and therefore alcohol’s effects, including changes in mood.</p> <p>The same goes for mixing drinks. You might have heard the saying “Beer before liquor, never been sicker; liquor before beer, you’re in the clear”, but again it’s the amount of alcohol that might get you into trouble rather than mixing different types.</p> <p>Mixing a stimulant (like an energy drink) with alcohol can also mask how intoxicated you feel, allowing you to drink more.</p> <p>You can reduce the risk of extreme mood changes by drinking slowly, eating food before and while you drink, and spacing alcoholic drinks with water, juice or soft drink. Stick to drinking within the Australian <a href="https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/health-topics/alcohol-guidelines">alcohol guidelines</a> of no more than four standard drinks on a single occasion.</p> <p><strong>Party animals and bad eggs</strong></p> <p>Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant, which means it slows the brain’s functioning. Alcohol’s effects include reducing activity in the part of the brain that regulates thinking, reasoning and decision-making, known as the <a href="http://universe-review.ca/I10-80-prefrontal.jpg">prefrontal cortex</a>. Alcohol also decreases inhibitions and our ability to regulate emotions.</p> <p>“In vino veritas” (in wine there is truth) is a saying that suggests that when drinking we are more likely to reveal our true selves. While that’s not completely accurate, the changes in mood when someone is drinking often reflect underlying personal styles that become less regulated with alcohol on board.</p> <p>Studies of <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2791902/">aggression and alcohol</a>, for example, show that people who are normally irritable, cranky or low in empathy when they are not drinking are more likely to be aggressive when their inhibitions are lowered while drinking.</p> <p>As with all drugs, the effect alcohol has on your mood is a combination of the alcohol itself, where you are drinking it and how you’re feeling at the time.</p> <p>So does alcohol make you crazy, mean or sad? If it does, you were probably a bit that way inclined already, and if you believe it enough it may just come true.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/88247/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/nicole-lee-81635">Nicole Lee</a>, Professor at the National Drug Research Institute, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/curtin-university-873">Curtin University</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/do-different-drinks-make-you-different-drunk-88247">original article</a>.</em></p>

Food & Wine

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What makes wine dry?

<p>When you take a sip of wine at a family meal or celebration, what do you notice?</p> <p>First, you probably note the visual characteristics: the color is generally red, rosé or white. Next, you smell the aromatic compounds wafting up from your glass.</p> <p>And then there’s the sensation in your mouth when you taste it. White wine and rosé are usually described as refreshing, because they have brisk acidity and little to moderate sweetness. Those <a href="https://www.winemag.com/2017/09/21/why-calling-a-wine-dry-or-sweet-can-be-simply-confusing/">low levels of sugar</a> may lead you to perceive these wines as “dry.”</p> <p>People also describe wines as dry when alcohol levels are high, usually over about 13%, mostly because the ethanol leads to hot or burning sensations that <a href="https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b03767">cover up other sensations</a>, especially sweetness. People also perceive red wines as dry or astringent because they contain a class of molecules called polyphenols.</p> <p><a href="https://www.scopus.com/authid/detail.uri?authorId=55360215200">As an enologist</a> – a wine scientist – I’m interested in how all the chemistry in a glass of wine adds up to this perception of dryness. People are good at evaluating a wine’s dryness with their senses. Can we eventually come up with a way to automatically assess this dryness or astringency without relying on human tasters?</p> <p><strong>The chemistry at the vineyard</strong></p> <p>Everything starts with the grapes. If you taste a mature grape skin or seed at harvest, it will seem dry or astringent to you, thanks to a number of chemical compounds it contains.</p> <p>Large molecules called condensed <a href="https://www.wineaustralia.com/getmedia/df422991-82ed-4125-b0f7-8395a63d438f/201005-tannin-management-in-the-vineyard.pdf">tannins</a> are mostly responsible for the astringency perception. These compounds are made up of varying types and numbers of <a href="https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2002-0825.ch015">smaller chemical units called flavanols</a>. Tannins are in the same family of molecules, the polyphenols, that give grapes their red or black color. They tend to be larger in grape skins than in grape seeds, and consequently the skins tend to be more astringent, while the seeds are more bitter.</p> <p><a href="https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2002-0825.ch015">Grape varieties differ in how much</a> of each of these compounds they contain. In <em>Vitis vinifera</em> cultivars, like Pinot noir and Cabernet sauvignon, the tannin concentration varies from a relatively high 1 to 1.5 mg/berry. In cold-hardy hybrid grapes found in the Midwestern United States, <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation3030047">like Frontenac and Marquette</a>, the concentrations are much lower, ranging from 0.3 to 0.7 mg/berry.</p> <p><a href="https://www.wineaustralia.com/getmedia/df422991-82ed-4125-b0f7-8395a63d438f/201005-tannin-management-in-the-vineyard.pdf">Factors in the vineyard</a> – including site, soil qualities and amount of sun – affect the final concentration of tannins in the fruit.</p> <p><strong>The chemistry in your mouth</strong></p> <p>Basically, the more tannin there is in a wine, the more astringent it will be.</p> <p>When you take a sip, the large tannin molecules <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2014.08.001">interact with proteins from your saliva</a>. They combine and form complexes, reducing the number of salivary proteins available to help lubricate your mouth. It leaves your mouth with a dry sensation – like if a snail were to lose its mucus layer, it would dry out.</p> <p>Because everyone has a different composition and concentration of saliva proteins, and because the flow rate of saliva as you bring wine into your mouth varies, your perceptions of an astringent or dry wine won’t be the same as those of your friends or family. The alcohol level, pH and <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2011.12.042">aroma of the wine</a> also influence how intensely and for how long you perceive a red wine’s dryness.</p> <p>Since wine dryness is a perception, the most appropriate tool to appraise it is sensory evaluation. It requires panelists trained on the wine aroma, taste and mouthfeel based on prepared standards and other wines.</p> <p>But winemakers would love to have a quick, simple way to objectively measure astringency without relying on human tasters. That way, they could easily compare this year’s wine to last year’s, or to another wine that is not available to be tested.</p> <p><strong>Can we scientifically evaluate dryness?</strong></p> <p>The challenge for me and my colleagues was to <a href="https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.9b01480">see if we could match up</a> the quantified chemical <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2018.09.043">and physical properties</a> in a wine to the trained panelists’ perceptions.</p> <p>First, we used analytical methods to figure out the different sizes of tannins present in particular wines, and their concentrations. We investigated how these tannins interacted and formed complexes with standard salivary proteins.</p> <p>My collaborators and I also used a physical approach, relying on a piece of equipment with two surfaces that are able to mimic and measure the forces of friction that occur in a drinker’s mouth between the tongue and the palate as wine and saliva interact. The friction forces increase between drier surfaces and decrease between more lubricated surfaces.</p> <p>Then, we trained human panelists to evaluate the intensity of dryness in the same wines and in a wine containing no tannins.</p> <p>People perceived the wine containing the higher concentration of larger tannins as drier for a longer time than the wine without tannins. That made sense based on what we already knew about these compounds and how people sense them.</p> <p>We were surprised, though, by our physical measurements in the lab, because they provided the opposite result as our human tasters’ perception. In the presence of too large or too many tannins in the wine, we recorded lower friction forces than in wines low in tannins. Based on the mechanical surfaces test, it seemed like there would be less dry mouthfeel than we’d expect in high-tannin wines.</p> <p>My colleagues and I are planning to investigate this unexpected result in future research to improve our understanding of the dryness perception.</p> <p>All its chemical and physical variables are part of what makes drinking wine a richly personal and ever-changing experience. Considering the impact of astringency on how individuals perceive a particular wine, a quick measure could be very helpful to winemakers as they do their work. So far, we haven’t been able to create a simple scale that will tell a winemaker that tannins at one certain level match up with a very particular dryness perception. But we enologists are still trying.<!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/aude-watrelot-831853">Aude Watrelot</a>, Assistant Professor of Enology, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/iowa-state-university-1322">Iowa State University</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/what-makes-wine-dry-its-easy-to-taste-but-much-harder-to-measure-123506">original article</a>.</em></p>

Food & Wine

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4 ways to make gossip less toxic

<p>Gossip gets a bad rap. There’s no doubt that the act of gossiping about someone can sometimes be damaging and negative. But there is such a thing as “good gossip” and the very act of gossiping can actually help the way we interact with each other. If we follow some simple steps we can take part in gossip without it ending in tears.</p> <p>Gossip is defined as talking about and evaluating someone when they aren’t there. But we can use gossip to learn about the rules of behaviour in social groups and get closer to each other. It helps us do this by letting us learn important information without the need to actually talk to every group member. So <a href="http://www.rotarybalilovina.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Dunbar%20gossip.pdf">gossiping is efficient</a> and those who gossip can use this social currency to gain <a href="http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/1994-98161-013">positions of power</a>.</p> <p>But being a gossip also has a dark side. Gossips are generally viewed as <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sally_Farley/publication/230486595_Is_gossip_power_The_inverse_relationships_between_gossip_power_and_likability/links/00b495310c2dc52ecf000000.pdf">unlikeable, untrustworthy and weak</a>. Even <a href="https://muse.jhu.edu/article/23570/summary">children as young as nine</a> regard those who spread information about other people as less likeable and less deserving of rewards. There is also evidence that gossiping may <a href="https://e-space.mmu.ac.uk/559453/1/ACCEPTED%20VERSION_Short%20term%20effects%20of%20gossip%20behavior%20on%20self-esteem.pdf">make us feel bad about ourselves</a>, regardless of whether what we have said is nasty or nice. And, of course, there are the consequences for the person you have gossiped about, who may suffer psychologically if they find out they were the target of gossip.</p> <p>Although the research on the group benefits of gossip suggests we need to keep gossiping, we need to do so with the potential negative effects in mind. So how do we keep gossiping without creating a toxic social atmosphere?</p> <p><strong>Keep it secret</strong></p> <p>There are clear negative consequences if you learn that you have been the target of gossip. Those who know they have been gossiped about at work, for example, <a href="http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13594329608414854">experience less physical and psychological well-being</a>. When we learn about social rules through gossip, we are learning about what rules we should follow, but also about what actions we should avoid if we want to be a valued member of our group. The advantage of learning about group transgressions in this way is that we do not have to have an awkward confrontation with the person who has transgressed. If we want gossip to oil the wheels of social interaction, but not cause conflict and upset, we need to be discrete.</p> <p><strong>Make it useful</strong></p> <p>Although there is plenty of evidence that we dislike those who gossip frequently, this depends on the perceived motive of the gossiper. If the listener feels that you are attempting to help the group when you share the gossip, they can be much more forgiving. For example, <a href="http://evolution.binghamton.edu/dswilson/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/DSW18.pdf">in a study where a gossiper shared information about a cheating student</a>, they were only disliked where they were sharing this information for selfish reasons. Where they expressed the gossip in a way which focused on fairness for the whole student group, it was the cheater who was disliked, not the gossiper.</p> <p>Ensuring that gossip is useful can also help to alleviate the negative feelings gossipers have when they share gossip. In a study where <a href="https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/f2bc/7a1779ea7bdaf3fc9b0544e79771b1dd7fc9.pdf">a participant saw another person cheating</a>, it made the participant uncomfortable knowing about the cheat. But they felt better when they were able to warn the other participants about the cheat’s bad behaviour.</p> <p><strong>Do not tell lies</strong></p> <p>Gossip which is not true does not offer the same social learning benefits as that which is true. False gossip risks conflict and upset to the target of gossip but this action is not justified by benefits to the group, so the gossiper may feel worse about spreading information they know to be false that they usually would when communicating gossip. The gossiper also risks being “found out” by their listeners. People <a href="http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.948.434&amp;rep=rep1&amp;type=pdf">can employ sophisticated strategies</a> – including comparing the information they gain to existing knowledge – to protect themselves from being influenced by malicious gossip.</p> <p><strong>Connect with your listener</strong></p> <p>Effective gossip is not just about what you say, or about whom. It is also about how you say it. Of course, you can make the benefits of the gossip clear to your listener by clearly explaining why you have shared the information. But sharing particularly emotional reactions to the information may help you to connect with your listener and avoid negative reactions. When we share emotional reactions to others with someone, <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Kim_Peters/publication/5863992_From_Social_Talk_to_Social_Action_Shaping_the_Social_Triad_With_Emotion_Sharing/links/58404f1208ae2d21755f3079.pdf">they feel closer to us</a>, especially when they agree with the reaction we share. Sharing how you feel may encourage the listener to react more favourably to your gossiping behaviour.</p> <p>So the next time you need to share some gossip stop and ask yourself whether the information will stay secret from the person you’re talking about and whether it is useful. And do not be afraid to share your emotions with your listener. This way you can hopefully engage in “good gossip” and reap the social rewards which come with it.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/75318/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/jenny-cole-351173">Jenny Cole</a>, Senior Lecturer in Social Psychology, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/manchester-metropolitan-university-860">Manchester Metropolitan University</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/the-science-of-gossip-four-ways-to-make-it-less-toxic-75318">original article</a>.</em></p>

Relationships

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Shaved, shaped and slit - eyebrows through the ages

<p>Eyebrows can turn a smile into a leer, a grumpy pout into a come hither beckoning, and sad, downturned lips into a comedic grimace.</p> <p>So, it’s little wonder these communicative markers of facial punctuation have been such a feature of beauty and fashion since the earliest days of recorded civilisation.</p> <p>From completely shaved mounds to thick, furry lines, eyebrows are a part of the face we <a href="https://www.smh.com.au/lifestyle/beauty/what-you-get-for-40-120-or-1000-worth-of-eyebrow-care-20191113-p53acj.html">continue</a> to experiment with. We seek to hide, exacerbate and embellish them. And today, every shopping strip and mall has professionals ready to assist us with wax, thread and ink.</p> <p><strong>Minimising distraction</strong></p> <p>In the court of Elizabeth I, to draw attention to the perceived focal point of a woman’s body – her breasts – the monarch would pluck her eyebrows into thin lines or remove them completely, as well as shaving off hair at the top of her forehead.</p> <p>This was an attempt to make her face plain and blank, thereby directing the viewer’s gaze lower to her substantial <a href="https://books.google.com.au/books?id=mNLZkzxmiEIC&amp;pg=PA107&amp;dq=eyebrows+breasts+elizabethan&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjrq9p1t_lAhUTXisKHffJCSYQ6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&amp;q=eyebrows%20breasts%20elizabethan&amp;f=false">décolletage</a>.</p> <p>Although the intentions were different, nonexistent or needle-thin brows had also been common in ancient China and other Asian cultures, where women plucked their eyebrows to resemble specific shapes with designated names such as “distant mountain” (likely referring to a central and distinctive point in the brow), “drooping pearl” and “willow branch”.</p> <p>In ancient China, as well as in India and the Middle East, the technique of threading - the removal of hairs by twisting strands of cotton <a href="https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1046/j.1365-4362.1997.00189.x">thread</a> - was popular for its accuracy. The technique, referred to as “khite” in Arabic and “fatlah” in Egyptian, is enjoying renewed <a href="https://journals.lww.com/dermatologicsurgery/Abstract/2011/06280/Eyebrow_Epilation_by_Threading__An_Increasingly.26.aspx">popularity</a> today.</p> <p>In Japan between 794 and 1185, both men and women plucked their eyebrows out almost entirely and replaced them with new pencilled lines higher up on the <a href="https://books.google.com.au/books?id=9Z6vCGbf66YC&amp;pg=PA120&amp;dq=eyebrows+robyn+cosio&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwiJ1uCXx-TkAhU0IbcAHSc3D_IQ6AEIPjAD#v=onepage&amp;q&amp;f=false">forehead</a>.</p> <p>Eyebrows of Ancient Greece and Rome, on the other hand, are frozen in contemplation.</p> <p>They are often represented in sculptures through expressive mounds devoid of individual or even vaguely suggested hairs: in men they are strong and masterful furrows above a purposeful gaze; in women, soft and emotive.</p> <p>This lack of detail demonstrates a fondness, in some corners of ancient Greek and Roman society, for joined or “continuous” brows.</p> <p>Poet of tenderness, Theocritus, openly admired eyebrows “<a href="https://books.google.com.au/books?id=37MDAAAAQAAJ&amp;pg=PP9&amp;dq=The+British+Poets,+including+Translations+in+One+Hundred+Volumes:+Theocritus&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjw-fiWjoLlAhXBXisKHfPBC50Q6AEIMjAB#v=onepage&amp;q=The%20British%20Poets%2C%20including%20Translations%20in%20One%20Hundred%20Volumes%3A%20Theocritus&amp;f=false">joined over the nose</a>” like his own, as did Byzantine Isaac Porphyrogenitus.</p> <p><strong>Brows as barometers</strong></p> <p>For much of the 19th century, cosmetics for women were viewed with suspicion, principally as the province of actresses and prostitutes. This meant facial enhancement was subtle and eyebrows, though gently shaped, were kept relatively natural.</p> <p>Despite this restraint, a certain amount of effort still went into cultivation. A newspaper <a href="https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/189261094?searchTerm=%22If%20a%20child%27s%20eyebrows%20threaten%22&amp;searchLimits=">article</a> from 1871 suggested intervention during childhood to thicken them:</p> <p><em>If a child’s eyebrows threaten to be thin, brush them softly every night with a little coconut oil, and they will gradually become strong and full; and, in order to give them a curve, press them gently between the thumb and forefinger after every ablution of the face or hands.</em></p> <p>As fashions became freer after the first world war, attention was once again focused more overtly on the eyes and eyebrows.</p> <p>This was partly to do with the development of beauty salons during the 1920s, many of which offered classes in makeup application so women could create new, bold looks at home.</p> <p>The fashion for very thin eyebrows was popularised by silent film stars such as Buster Keaton and Louise Brooks, for whom thick kohl was a professional necessity and allowed a clearer vision of the eyebrows – so crucial, after all, for nonverbal expression on screen.</p> <p>The amount of attention paid to eyebrows continued to change according to specific global events.</p> <p>In the 1940s, women began to favour thicker, natural brows after several decades of rigorous plucking to achieve pencil-thin lines. Considering the outbreak of the second world war had forced many out of a wholly domestic existence and into the workforce, it stands to reason they had less time to spend in front of the mirror, wielding a pair of tweezers and eyebrow pencil.</p> <p>The post-war 1950s saw wide, yet more firmly defined brows and from the 1960s onwards various shapes, sizes and thicknesses were experimented with, accompanied by a firm emphasis on individuality and personal preference.</p> <p><strong>More than mono</strong></p> <p>When Dwight Edwards Marvin’s <a href="https://www.bartleby.com/346/14.html">collection</a> of adages and maxims, Curiosities in Proverbs, was published in 1916 it included the old English advice:</p> <p><em>If your eyebrows meet across your nose, you’ll never live to wear your wedding clothes.</em></p> <p>The “mono-” or “uni-brow” had become suggestive of a lack of self care, particularly in women.</p> <p>Research undertaken in 2004 reported American women felt judged and evaluated as “dirty”, “gross” or even “repulsive” if they did not shave their underarm or leg hair, or pluck and shape their <a href="https://books.google.com.au/books?id=y5Enl3JamIgC&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=Embodied+Resistance:+Challenging+the+Norms,+Breaking+the+Rules,&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwi54bWkjoLlAhVs7nMBHSOJCe8Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&amp;q=Embodied%20Resistance%3A%20Challenging%20the%20Norms%2C%20Breaking%20the%20Rules%2C&amp;f=false">eyebrows</a>. As the most visible of these areas, untamed eyebrows perhaps point to the bravest exhibition of natural hair.</p> <p>Today, model Sophia Hadjipanteli sports a pair of impressively large, dark joined eyebrows, and has assertively fought back against the legion of online trolls who have abused her for this point of difference.</p> <p>A reference back to the distinctive brows of Frida Kahlo, Hadjipanteli’s look is linked to an ongoing debate surrounding women’s body hair.</p> <p><strong>Giving a pluck</strong></p> <p>For many, excessive plucking and shaping has become emblematic of the myriad requirements women are expected to comply with to satisfy restrictive societal beauty norms.</p> <p>Still, plenty of people with eyebrows are dedicating time and money to their upkeep. In Australia, the personal waxing and nail salon industry has grown steadily over five years to be worth an estimated <a href="https://www.ibisworld.com.au/industry-trends/specialised-market-research-reports/consumer-goods-services/personal-waxing-nail-salons.html">A$1.3 billion</a> and employ more than 20,000 people.</p> <p>Over this time, social media has offered a diverse and changing menu of brow choices and displays.</p> <p>One choice: the “eyebrow slit” – thin vertical cuts in eyebrow hair – has re-emerged online and in suburban high schools. It’s important to emphasise <em>re-emerged</em> because, with beauty as with clothing, what goes around comes around.</p> <p>The eyebrow slit was especially popular amongst hip hop artists in the 1990s, and draws appeal due to its flexibility: there are no firm rules as to the number or width of the slits, which originally were meant to suggest scarring from a recent fight or gangsta adventure. More recent converts have been accused of <a href="https://www.teenvogue.com/story/eyebrow-cuts-cultural-appropriation">cultural appropriation</a>.</p> <p>Some have experimented by replacing plain slits with other shapes, such as hearts or stars, though plucking or shaving brows into unusual shapes is – as we have seen – by no means new either.</p> <p><strong>Facing the day</strong></p> <p>If the popularity of recent trends is anything to go by, eyebrow fashion will remain on the lush side for some time.</p> <p>The “<a href="http://fashion.telegraph.co.uk/news-features/TMG8997240/Scouse-Brow-a-beginners-guide.html">Scouse</a>” brow (very thick, wide and angular eyebrows emphasised with highly defined dark pencil shapes: named after natives of Liverpool in the United Kingdom) is still trending.</p> <p>The “Instagram eyebrow” (thick brows plucked and painted to create a gradient, going from light to very dark as the brow ends) is inescapable on the platform and beyond. Makeup for brows is therefore also likely to continue, providing a clear linear connection through nearly all the eyebrow ideals since ancient times.</p> <p>The latest offering to those seeking a groomed look is “<a href="https://www.elle.com.au/beauty/eyebrow-lamination-22517">eyebrow lamination</a>”, a chemical treatment that uses keratin to straighten individual hairs - a kind of anti-perm for your brow.</p> <p>Those still searching for their eyebrow aesthetic may benefit from some wisdom shared by crime and society reporter Viola Rodgers in an 1898 edition of the San Francisco Call newspaper.</p> <p>Eyebrow slits? We can only imagine what Viola would think.</p> <p><em>Written by Lydia Edwards. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/friday-essay-shaved-shaped-and-slit-eyebrows-through-the-ages-123872">The Conversation.</a></em></p>

Beauty & Style

Finance

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Charities defend bushfire relief policy amid donation stockpiling claims

<p><span>Australia’s leading charities have defended their bushfire relief plans after it was revealed that only less than one-third of the donations have been released to fire-affected communities.</span></p> <p><span>The Red Cross, St Vincent de Paul and the Salvation Army have been accused of stockpiling the cash donations. </span></p> <p><span>Speaking at a press conference in Batemans Bay on Wednesday, NSW Minister for Transport and Roads Andrew Constance said it was “gutting” to learn that millions of dollars were yet to be handed out.</span></p> <p><span>“The money is needed now, not sitting in a Red Cross bank account earning interest so they can map out their next three years and do their marketing,” said Constance.</span></p> <p><span>“We need a very real change, very quickly so that the money can get to those who need it most … people are on their knees and we can’t have a drip-feed.”</span></p> <p><span>Deputy Premier John Barilaro said the charities are betraying donators’ trust.</span></p> <p><span>“To read that organisations like Red Cross are putting some of that money aside for a future crisis or emergency is not in the spirit of what I believe Australians gave that money,” he said.</span></p> <p><span>On Thursday, Red Cross NSW director Poppy Brown said $30 million out of the $115 million raised had been <a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-01-23/bushfire-aid-row-continues-as-red-cross-attacked-again/11892062">allocated to emergency relief grants</a>.</span></p> <p><span>Brown said the organisation had enlisted an advisory panel to help budget the remaining money for long term recovery initiatives.</span></p> <p><span>“Any interest earned on those funds will just add to the money that goes out to those communities,” she said.</span></p> <p><span>“We’re already paying out a million dollars a day, we’ll keep paying out money as it’s needed.</span></p> <p><span>“And we’ll make sure that there’s still some left to help people, those same communities, in their recovery because we know it’s going to be a long term need.”</span></p> <p><span>The charity said it had paid out 690 grants worth a total of $6.9 million to people who have lost their homes.</span></p> <p><span>Since November, the Salvation Army’s disaster appeal had collected $44 million in donations and distributed $7.6 million worth of goods and cash relief.</span></p> <p><span>St Vincent De Paul has so far raised $12.5 million and handed out $1.1 million to eligible individuals in NSW. “We’re doing as well we can,” the charity’s CEO Jack de Groot told <em><a href="https://7news.com.au/news/bushfires/red-cross-under-fire-for-withholding-two-thirds-of-bushfire-donations-c-660715">7News</a></em>. </span></p> <p><span>“It’s not perfect but the co-ordination is going fairly well.”</span></p>

Money & Banking

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Fame and fortune isn't the key to happiness

<p>If you’ve ever dreamt of fame and fortune, Prince Harry and his wife Meghan Markle turning their backs on the royal lifestyle might seem churlish. So too their desire to be “financially independent”.</p> <p>As a senior royal, Harry is at the height of his popularity – a popularity that marrying Markle has only amplified.</p> <p>On top of the millions he has inherited from his mother and great grandmother, he gets millions more annually, both from his cut of the “sovereign grant” paid by the British government and the allowance from his father (from the revenues of Duchy of Cornwall estate).</p> <p>Harry and Meghan aren’t exiting the family firm penniless, but if they stayed they would be looked after in luxury for the rest of their lives.</p> <p>Madness? No. Research suggests Harry and Meghan would be well and truly in their right minds to be sick of royal fame and fortune.</p> <p>Psychologists, economists and philosophers have confirmed three things. First, money can’t buy happiness. Second, we want to feel we have earned our success and popularity. Third, being looked after from the cradle to the grave has its downsides.</p> <p>In short, having everything handed to you on a platter just isn’t satisfying.</p> <p><strong>Money doesn’t buy happiness</strong></p> <p>Even though this statement is arguably a cliché, there is good <a href="https://www.payscale.com/career-news/2013/05/study-proves-money-cant-buy-happiness">evidence</a> it’s true. While money buys happiness up to a point, the positive effects of money on happiness <a href="https://psychology.unl.edu/can-money-buy-happiness">level off</a> once individuals have obtained enough wealth to live a comfortable life.</p> <p>This relationship has been observed at the country level, with multiple studies showing that, once a nation reaches a certain level of wealth, national happiness does not increase in parallel with extra wealth. This is known as the <a href="https://esrc.ukri.org/about-us/50-years-of-esrc/50-achievements/the-easterlin-paradox/">Easterlin paradox</a>. According to economist John Helliwell, a co-editor of the <a href="https://worldhappiness.report/ed/2019/changing-world-happiness/">World Happiness Report</a>, the <a href="https://www.researchgate.net/publication/8364900_The_Social_Context_of_Well-Being">social context</a> – marriage and family, ties to friends and neighbours, workplace ties, civic engagement, trustworthiness and trust – is more important than wealth.</p> <div class="embed-responsive embed-responsive-16by9"><iframe class="embed-responsive-item" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/JjLh0guxERQ"></iframe></div> <p>One reason given for why wealth doesn’t buy individuals any more happiness after a certain point is that money becomes both a reason and means to distance ourselves from others. To paraphrase Christopher Ryan, author of <a href="https://www.simonandschuster.com/books/Civilized-to-Death/Christopher-Ryan/9781451659108">Civilized to Death: The Price of Progress</a>, what people tend to do with extra money is buy separation, whereas researchers “<a href="https://www.wired.com/story/why-are-rich-people-so-mean/">have concluded again and again</a> that the single most reliable predictor of happiness is feeling embedded in a community”.</p> <p>Extraordinary wealth, then, sets us against what we are programmed to do by evolution: seek out the company of others and band together in a community. Research has repeatedly shown this has a huge mental health cost.</p> <div class="embed-responsive embed-responsive-16by9"><iframe class="embed-responsive-item" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/MB5IX-np5fE"></iframe></div> <p>Importantly, too, how we earn our money affects how much we enjoy it. <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29320930">Research</a> among more than 4,000 millionaires in the US, for example, showed those who were “self-made” were moderately happier than those who inherited their wealth.</p> <p>Taken together, these factors help explain why Harry and Meghan’s wealth might, psychologically speaking, be more curse than blessing.</p> <p><strong>The popularity paradox</strong></p> <p>Most of us, particularly teenagers, <a href="https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/cracking-the-popularity-code/">crave popularity</a>. According to <a href="https://yougov.co.uk/ratings/politics/popularity/royalty/all">a YouGov poll</a>, Harry is the second-most-popular member of the British royal family – pipped only by Queen Elizabeth. Some are convinced <a href="https://theconversation.com/prince-harry-and-meghan-markle-why-half-in-half-out-just-isnt-an-option-for-royals-129726">he won’t keep this popularity</a> without his royal status.</p> <p>Why would someone want to give up being liked and loved by stepping out of the limelight?</p> <p>Because <a href="https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attribution_(psychology)">psychological research</a> shows people feel less pride in their achievements if they attribute it to external reasons. In this case, that would being born as a royal for Harry, and being pretty and marrying into a royal family for Meghan. For their popularity and success to mean something, they would need some “internal attribution” – that it has something to do with their own abilities, effort and skill.</p> <p>In a world that values meritocracy, as Alain de Botton argues, we need to “own our success” — the very thing Harry and Meghan cannot do as royals.</p> <div class="embed-responsive embed-responsive-16by9"><iframe class="embed-responsive-item" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/MtSE4rglxbY"></iframe></div> <p><strong>Trapped by certainty</strong></p> <p>Most of us aspire to being financially secure for the rest of our lives. Many of us would give a lot to know what lies ahead.</p> <p>But while there is comfort in some sense of security and predictability, knowing exactly what the future holds might be a curse. This is because humans thrive also on feeling a sense of freedom and choice.</p> <p>So just as having no certainty can take its mental toll, so does feeling one’s future is totally predetermined and that you have no real control over the way your life will unfold.</p> <p>Psychologists call the motivation to regain a freedom after it has been lost <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4675534/">reactance</a> – and this might be something strong within someone, for example, who has lost freedom due to marrying into a high-profile family.</p> <p><strong>Seizing control</strong></p> <p>Do the reasons above explain why Harry and Meghan have left the royal fold? We can’t say that. Only they know their motivations.</p> <p>But what we do know is that all the research points to fortune, fame and security not necessarily leading to a good, happy life. These things can in fact be burdens, <a href="https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0139156">bringing out</a> our worst, not our best.</p> <p>That happiness comes more from community connection, merit, effort and making our own decisions is good news for the rest of us. Let’s hope it works out for Harry and Meghan too.<!-- Below is The Conversation's page counter tag. Please DO NOT REMOVE. --><img style="border: none !important; box-shadow: none !important; margin: 0 !important; max-height: 1px !important; max-width: 1px !important; min-height: 1px !important; min-width: 1px !important; opacity: 0 !important; outline: none !important; padding: 0 !important; text-shadow: none !important;" src="https://counter.theconversation.com/content/130132/count.gif?distributor=republish-lightbox-basic" alt="The Conversation" width="1" height="1" /><!-- End of code. If you don't see any code above, please get new code from the Advanced tab after you click the republish button. The page counter does not collect any personal data. More info: http://theconversation.com/republishing-guidelines --></p> <p><em><a href="https://theconversation.com/profiles/jolanda-jetten-301309">Jolanda Jetten</a>, Professor, School of Psychology, ARC Laureate Fellow, <a href="http://theconversation.com/institutions/the-university-of-queensland-805">The University of Queensland</a></em></p> <p><em>This article is republished from <a href="http://theconversation.com">The Conversation</a> under a Creative Commons license. Read the <a href="https://theconversation.com/the-science-backs-harry-and-meghan-turning-in-their-royal-privilege-fame-and-fortune-arent-the-keys-to-happiness-130132">original article</a>.</em></p>

Money & Banking

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Honda and Mitsubishi recall 42,000 cars

<p>Honda and Mitsubishi have announced voluntary recalls for 42,000 cars with airbags linked to the deaths of two Australians.</p> <p>The cars manufactured between 1996 and 2000 may have been fitted with Takata NADI 5-AT airbags, which could cause injuries or deaths through misdeployment, according to <span><a href="https://www.accc.gov.au/media-release/honda-and-mitsubishi-recall-42000-cars-due-to-serious-airbag-safety-risk">the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission</a></span> (ACCC).</p> <p>“These Takata NADI 5-AT airbags may kill or injure vehicle occupants if they misdeploy in an accident,” said ACCC chair Rod Sims.</p> <p>“Two drivers have already died in Australia after their Takata NADI 5-AT airbags ruptured and propelled metal parts into the car interior.”</p> <p>Owners of the affected vehicles are urged to stop driving their cars and contact their manufacturer.</p> <p>“Any consumer who is concerned about the response from their manufacturer or the remedy offered should contact the head office of their car maker. If consumers are still not satisfied, contact the Department or the ACCC,” said Sims.</p> <p>Honda and Mitsubishi have offered to buy back the affected vehicles at market price and arrange alternative transport option until the repurchasing process is completed.</p> <p>The announcement follows the <span><a href="https://www.productsafety.gov.au/news/toyota-mazda-and-suzuki-join-new-airbag-safety-recall-due-to-serious-safety-risk">earlier recalls</a></span> from BMW, Audi, Ford, Mazda, Suzuki and Toyota related to the same airbag, bringing the total number of recalled vehicles to 78,000.</p>

Retirement Income

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Food fraud is hidden in plain sight

<p>The globalization of the food chain has resulted in increased complexity and diminished transparency and trust into how and where our foods are grown, harvested, processed and by whom.</p> <p>Furthermore, recurring incidents of <a href="https://globalnews.ca/news/4014182/food-fraud-avoiding-fake-product/">food fraud</a> remind us that some of those involved in the food chain are exploiting this complexity. Today, consumers are at an <a href="https://www.foodnavigator.com/Article/2019/02/20/Fragmented-global-supply-chains-have-led-to-an-increase-in-food-fraud">increased risk</a> of buying lower-quality food than what they paid for, or worse, eating food with unsafe ingredients or undeclared allergens.</p> <p>Historically, food chain transparency and trust was established between the shopper and the farmer or fishmonger, green grocer, butcher, milkman and baker. Dutch scholar <a href="https://research.wur.nl/en/publications/governing-chinas-food-quality-through-transparency-a-review">Arthur Mol</a> argued that this personal interaction enabled face-to-face transparency, which built trust.</p> <p>Before modern supermarkets, a local village or town grocery store stocked up to 300 items grown or processed within a 240-kilometre (150-mile) radius. In comparison, our post-modern supermarkets carry an <a href="https://www.fmi.org/our-research/supermarket-facts">average of 33,000</a> items that travel 2,400 kilometres or more. The Canadian government is poised to tackle that problem by announcing <a href="https://globalnews.ca/news/6435463/buy-canadian-promotional-campaign/">a Buy Canadian food campaign.</a></p> <p>While the extent of global food fraud is difficult to quantify, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) suggests <a href="https://inspection.gc.ca/food-safety-for-industry/information-for-consumers/food-safety-system/food-fraud/eng/1548444446366/1548444516192">food fraud</a> affects 10 per cent of commercially sold food. Various academic and industry sources suggest that globally, food fraud ranges from US$10 billion to $49 billion. This is likely a conservative range considering estimates of <a href="https://www.afr.com/life-and-luxury/food-and-wine/cracking-down-on-fake-steak-with-invisible-trackable-barcodes-20180810-h13t3n">fake Australian meats</a> alone and sold worldwide are as high as AUD$4 billion, or more than US$2.5 billion.</p> <p>If you add the sales of fake wines and alcohol, adulterated honey and spices, mislabelled fish and false claims of organic products, wild-caught fish or grain-fed meat, the numbers, and risks, increase significantly.</p> <p><strong>Are Canadian regulations adequate?</strong></p> <p>Regulations are in place to protect Canadians. The Safe Food for Canadians Act (known <a href="https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-2018-108/index.html">as the SFCR</a>) and the <a href="https://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/F-27/page-2.html#h-234067">Food and Drug Act</a> work together to protect Canadian consumers from food safety and food fraud risks.</p> <p>The SFCR states that food businesses must have preventative controls in place as well as product traceability records to ensure imported products meet Canadian laws. A provision of the Food and Drug Act states:</p> <p><em>“No person shall sell an article of food that (a) has in or on it any poisonous or harmful substance; (b) is unfit for human consumption; (c) consists in whole or in part of any filthy, putrid, disgusting, rotten, decomposed or diseased animal or vegetable substance; (d) is adulterated; or (e) was manufactured, prepared, preserved, packaged or stored under unsanitary conditions.”</em></p> <p>Another section of the act declares:</p> <p><em>“No person shall label, package, treat, process, sell or advertise any food in a manner that is false, misleading or deceptive or is likely to create an erroneous impression regarding its character, value, quantity, composition, merit or safety”.</em></p> <p>But are the regulations being enforced?</p> <p>The CFIA is very active in food fraud prevention and detection. In July 2019, the agency received $24.4 million in new <a href="https://www.canada.ca/en/food-inspection-agency/news/2019/07/government-of-canada-prevents-nearly-12800kg-of-adulterated-honey-from-entering-the-canadian-market.html">food fraud funding</a> after announcing that 12,800 kilograms of adulterated honey was blocked from entering the Canadian market. Honey adulteration is the process of cutting pure honey with fillers and cheaper sweeteners, including corn syrup.</p> <p>The CFIA has several enforcement instruments it can apply to offenders including <a href="https://www.inspection.gc.ca/about-the-cfia/accountability/compliance-and-enforcement/amps/fact-sheet/eng/1547233099837/1547233100149">administrative monetary penalties</a>, <a href="https://www.inspection.gc.ca/about-the-cfia/accountability/compliance-and-enforcement/licences/eng/1324052022644/1324052753628">licence suspension or cancellation</a> and <a href="https://www.inspection.gc.ca/about-the-cfia/newsroom/prosecution-bulletins/eng/1298575869119/1299852705293">criminal prosecution</a>.</p> <p><strong>Is food fraud the same as consumer fraud?</strong></p> <p>No. Canada is recovering from a significant consumer fraud incident where some of the most trusted brands colluded for more than a decade to fix the price of bread in what’s <a href="https://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/04335.html">often termed breadgate</a>. This was a breach of the <a href="https://www.competitionbureau.gc.ca/eic/site/cb-bc.nsf/eng/04267.html">Canadian Competition Act</a>.</p> <p>Canada was one of the first countries in the world with a formal Competition Act, initiated in 1889. While breadgate’s egregious breach of trust shocked Canadians, consumers are known to have short memories and to quickly forgive.</p> <p>The protection of insiders acting as whistle-blowers in the food industry is critically important to expose both consumer fraud and food fraud. However, most food fraud detection requires the use of advanced high-tech methods.</p> <p>In 2017, the University of Guelph’s Biodiversity Institute, in partnership with the CFIA, received $320,000 in <a href="https://news.uoguelph.ca/2017/09/u-g-cfia-collaboration-gets-320000-investment/">federal funding</a> to develop better genomics and DNA bar-coding tools, including portable devices. DNA bar-coding allows researchers to match animal and plant DNA against a reference database to identify a species.</p> <p><strong>Mislabelled fish, sausage</strong></p> <p>The partnership has published a number of research papers uncovering food fraud and <a href="https://news.uoguelph.ca/2019/02/persistent-seafood-mislabeling-persistent-throughout-canadas-supply-chain-u-of-g-study-reveals/">revealing the mislabelling of fish</a> species in Canadian restaurants and grocery stores, an area of the institute’s research that now spans more than a decade.</p> <p>In January 2019, the institute <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0963996919300304?via%3Dihub">published a paper</a> entitled “Re-visiting the occurrence of undeclared species in sausage products sold in Canada” as a followup to a previous study that showed a <a href="https://kitchener.ctvnews.ca/guelph/20-of-tested-sausages-contained-mislabeled-meat-u-of-g-study-1.3532113">20 per cent mislabelling rate for sausages</a>.</p> <p>The followup indicated 14 per cent of the 100 sausages tested still contained meat DNA that was undeclared on the label. Even more concerning for the public is that many types of food fraud and mislabelling have gone undetected. New technology and methods of testing still has to catch up.</p> <p>As social media amplifies recurring high-profile incidents of food fraud, trust in our global food supply chains remains a concern. For the foreseeable future, much of Canada’s food fraud remains hidden in plain sight, sitting right there on our grocery store shelves.</p> <p><em>Written by John G. Keogh. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/fish-sausage-even-honey-food-fraud-is-hidden-in-plain-sight-130186"><em>The Conversation.</em></a></p>

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“Book murderer”: Author’s travel hack sparks debate

<p>Carrying books in your trip can be tricky. Some copies may prove too thick, heavy or bulky, taking up precious space in your luggage.</p> <p>While some resort to e-books and audiobooks, Alex Christofi has something else in mind.</p> <p>The British author took to Twitter on Tuesday to share his hack. “Yesterday my colleague called me a ‘book murderer’ because I cut long books in half to make them more portable. Does anyone else do this? Is it just me?”</p> <blockquote class="twitter-tweet"> <p dir="ltr">Yesterday my colleague called me a 'book murderer' because I cut long books in half to make them more portable. Does anyone else do this? Is it just me? <a href="https://t.co/VQUUdJMpwT">pic.twitter.com/VQUUdJMpwT</a></p> — Alex Christofi (@alex_christofi) <a href="https://twitter.com/alex_christofi/status/1219564301029138432?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw">January 21, 2020</a></blockquote> <p>Christofi defended the book cutting as a way to help him keep reading.</p> <p>“The alternative is I just don’t read them because I can’t be bothered to carry them around,” he shared.</p> <p>“If people would just publish in sensible sized volumes I wouldn’t need to take matters into my own hands.”</p> <p>Some fellow readers expressed approval of Christofi’s trick.</p> <p>“I really like this Alex, and am completely ok with it. In fact it undercuts (tish boom) their hubris in writing such a bloody long book in the first place,” one responded.</p> <p>“Why are people so precious about the books they buy? Crack the spine, spill stuff on it, dog ear pages who cares as long as you’re reading,” another wrote.</p> <p>However, most replies were critical of the method. “I’ve never seen anyone do this. It’s definitely a book crime,” one wrote.</p> <p>“Is it just me, he says, posting a murder on the timeline,” another replied.</p> <p>“I’ve been an avid reader since I was 2. Carrying around books was never a burden to me, it was a joy. To mutilate a book to save an inch or two/a few ounces, then criticize the author/publisher for making such large/long/big books. His bindings are loose in more ways than one,” one said.</p> <p>“You’re a monster,” more than one commented.</p> <p>Publishing company Simon &amp; Schuster chimed in with a recommendation, “Can someone get this man an audiobook or e-book?!”</p>

Books

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Visual arts help marginalized youth learn mindfulness and self-compassion

<p>How do girls feel before and after learning mindfulness? The six girls in our program, aged 11 and 12, drew pictures showing that learning and practising mindfulness helped them feel more in control and compassionate, less judgmental, happy, focused, calm and logical, especially when they make good choices.</p> <p>These girls had just completed the 12-week <a href="https://www.dianacoholic.com/my-work/">holistic arts-based program (HAP)</a>that we offer at Laurentian University, which teaches mindfulness-based practices and concepts using arts like painting, drawing and collage, or materials like clay and sand. We also incorporate games and and tai chi.</p> <p>I developed HAP with the help of <a href="https://laurentian.ca/faculty/hcheu">Hoi Cheu</a>, a professor in the English department with training in film making, marital and family therapy, tai chi and mindfulness. Part of our early team were Sean Lougheed (with a graduate degree in child and youth care), Jennifer Posteraro (research co-ordinator with a graduate degree in psychology) and Julie LeBreton (social work student).</p> <p><strong>Youth facing challenges</strong></p> <p>We wanted to respond to the needs of marginalized children in our communities — such as those who <a href="https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10566-010-9139-x">face diverse challenges</a>, including academic, mental health and social challenges, and those facing life circumstances such as abuse, bullying, social exclusion, poverty or family dysfunction.</p> <p>We wanted to help them build skills and capacities such as paying attention, and for improving peer relationships and mood. But we knew that these children may <a href="https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2006-12259-004">not have the attention skills</a> required for a more traditional mindfulness program.</p> <p>In developing the program, we drew on the extensive knowledge bases of <a href="https://books.google.ca/books?id=y6PY4hv47I0C&amp;lpg=PR3&amp;ots=-huao1DPlo&amp;dq=malchiodi%20art%20therapy&amp;lr&amp;pg=PP1#v=onepage&amp;q=malchiodi%20art%20therapy&amp;f=false">art therapy</a> and <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1468017315581772">arts methods with youth</a>. We then refined the program through research with children involved with the child welfare and/or mental health systems.</p> <p>We receive referrals for the program from a variety of sources, including mental health practitioners, guidance counsellors, principals and teachers, child welfare workers and self-referrals (mostly from parents).</p> <p><strong>Self-compassion, acceptance</strong></p> <p>Discussions about mindfulness seem to be everywhere these days, including <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-018-0998-9">some schools</a>. Mindfulness has come under <a href="https://theconversation.com/mcmindfulness-buddhism-as-sold-to-you-by-neoliberals-88338">criticism as it has gained in popularity throughout the West</a>. Some say institutions that use it may encourage or distract people from advocating for systemic change. We understand that systems need to be challenged and changed. In our program, <a href="https://www.jstor.org/stable/41669899?seq=1">we work to assist individuals and groups to cope better with, and challenge, the oppressive or unjust systems</a> in their lives.</p> <p>Since 2009, more than 300 other youth from our community have participated in our arts and mindfulness program. Over a two-hour period, two facilitators lead small groups of participants. Through the activities they aim to help participants work together, learn about themselves and express their feelings and thoughts and practise breathing, self-compassion and acceptance.</p> <p>The drawing by several girls in the program of a brain before and after mindfulness is a wonderful depiction of the benefits of learning mindfulness, <a href="https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs12671-012-0123-4.pdf">often defined</a> as the ability to pay attention, purposefully, to the present moment without negative judgements. The power of mindfulness is the ability to make choices about one’s feelings, thoughts and behaviours rather than reacting and acting out.</p> <p><strong>‘Happy awareness program’</strong></p> <p>Creative activities such as <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s10560-015-0431-3">painting how music makes you feel or drawing yourself as a tree </a>aid in <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/01609513.2013.763326">identifying and naming feelings, communicating these feelings and thoughts and discovering things about yourself</a> in ways that are effective and developmentally relevant. Belonging to a <a href="https://books.google.ca/books?id=PS42CwAAQBAJ&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=andrew+malekoff&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwiV-sfVvOPlAhXqYd8KHe0YCF4Q6AEIKDAA#v=onepage&amp;q=andrew%20malekoff&amp;f=false">supportive group helps youth</a> develop a wide variety of capacities and strengths such as social skills, empathy and self-awareness.</p> <p><a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01609513.2019.1571764">Common reported benefits</a> of mindfulness-based interventions with youth often include improved emotion regulation, mood and well-being and decreases in stress and feelings of anxiety. Almost all of the youth we have worked with described the holistic arts-based program as “fun.” One youth suggested we re-name our program the “Happy Awareness Program.”</p> <p><strong>Benefits to mental health</strong></p> <p>In our <a href="https://doi.org/10.1177/1468017319828864">research</a> with youth admitted to a small in-patient mental health program, we found that youth who participated in the program activities reported that the program was enjoyable and beneficial in that they learned to identify and express what they were feeling, and they could focus better and think in different ways.</p> <p>We interviewed the youth and they shared feedback about their experiences:</p> <p>“I learned that I like doing art and it relaxes me and makes me express myself better.”</p> <p>“Being mindful helps with the anxiety that I have and helps me just focus either on my work or something else that I am doing.”</p> <p>“There are a lot of fun activities that can help you find yourself and find peace within yourself, to relax and catch your thoughts instead of them jumping all over.”</p> <p>There are a multitude of mindfulness-based programs for youth, many of which have been adapted from two well-known programs originally developed for adults: <a href="https://books.google.ca/books?id=fIuNDtnb2ZkC&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=full+catastrophe+living&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjajZC_x-DlAhWFhOAKHbMFBakQ6AEIKTAA#v=onepage&amp;q=full%20catastrophe%20living&amp;f=false">mindfulness-based stress reduction</a>, and <a href="https://books.google.ca/books?hl=en&amp;lr=&amp;id=QHRVDwAAQBAJ&amp;oi=fnd&amp;pg=PP1&amp;dq=mindfulness+based+cognitive+therapy+for+depression&amp;ots=EUEf7xSzr6&amp;sig=ggv0OWhPhIkcN4b0TTInAlEmdEM&amp;redir_esc=y#v=onepage&amp;q=mindfulness%20based%20cognitive%20therapy%20for%20depression&amp;f=false">mindfulness-based cognitive therapy</a>.</p> <p>Two examples of programs for youth developed by clinical psychologists are <a href="https://books.google.ca/books?id=qT6nSwnipiMC&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=mbct-c&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwiP1s3Y0uDlAhXPmuAKHSMFAX4Q6AEILzAB#v=onepage&amp;q=mbct-c&amp;f=false">Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Children</a> and <a href="https://books.google.ca/books?id=fw0A5HETcIAC&amp;printsec=frontcover&amp;dq=learning+to+breath&amp;hl=en&amp;sa=X&amp;ved=0ahUKEwjo1LD40uDlAhWPTd8KHbt7B4QQ6AEINDAB#v=onepage&amp;q=learning%20to%20breath&amp;f=false">Learning to Breathe</a>.</p> <p><strong>Strengths-based change</strong></p> <p>Arts-based activities do not have to be complicated. For example, having group members notice and write down each other’s strengths can begin to shift the negative beliefs youth have about themselves. Developing <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9004.2010.00330.x">self-compassion</a> and self-acceptance is an important part of living more mindfully and experiencing well-being.</p> <p>Awareness and expression of feelings can be facilitated by drawing what we call feelings inventories. Such feelings inventories are always unique.</p> <p>Based on our research experiences, we have become strong advocates of teaching mindfulness-based practices and concepts <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/01609513.2015.1091700">through the arts</a>.</p> <p>Through this approach, we can make the cumulative benefits of practising mindfulness more accessible to diverse groups of youth — and youth are enabled to express themselves in relevant, meaningful and developmentally appropriate ways.</p> <p>I have learned through <a href="https://www.northrose.ca/northrose-titles.html">my work</a> that change does not have to be daunting. Important learning can take place through experiences of fun and belonging.</p> <p><em>Written by Diana Coholic. Republished with permission of </em><a href="https://theconversation.com/visual-arts-help-marginalized-youth-learn-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-126149"><em>The Conversation.</em></a></p>

Art

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How to change your phone number in Facebook or get rid of it entirely

<p><span style="font-weight: 400;">You can easily change a phone number in Facebook if your original number connected to the social media platform has become outdated.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Facebook asks for a user’s phone number for a few reasons, which are: </span></p> <ul> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">A phone number can be used to reset a forgotten password</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">It can be used to suggest people you may know so that you can connect with them on Facebook</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">The phone number can keep your account safe with two-factor authentication and you can also receive text alerts for potentially unauthorised logins</span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">However, if you want to remove the number entirely or change it, it’s an easy fix.</span></p> <p><strong>How to change your phone number on Facebook</strong></p> <ol> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Log into Facebook on a computer and click on the arrow in the top-right corner of your home page. Click on “Settings”.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Select “Mobile” on the left side.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">If your account isn’t connected to a phone number, you can add one from this section via the “+ Add a Phone” section.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">If you already have a phone number, you can click on “+ Add another mobile phone number” to add another number.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Enter your number and select if you’d like Facebook to confirm the number with a text message or with a call and click “Continue”.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">Enter the confirmation code you receive from Facebook and click “Confirm”.</span></li> <li style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;">You can remove a phone number on Facebook by clicking the “Remove” button below the number you want to delete.</span></li> </ol> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">Easy!</span></p>

Technology