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Where are the films starring successful women entrepreneurs?

<p><a href="https://www.hbo.com/documentaries/the-inventor-out-for-blood-in-silicon-valley">The Inventor: Out for Blood in Silicon Valley</a>, now streaming in Australia on Binge, depicts Theranos founder and former CEO Elizabeth Holmes as a bewitching sociopath.</p> <p>Holmes wanted to revolutionise health care by providing a simple and cheap way to perform blood tests using only a finger prick. In 2003, she founded Theranos, with a vision of the company’s machines in every home in America.</p> <p>But, as the Wall Street Journal’s John Carreyrou <a href="https://www.wsj.com/articles/theranos-has-struggled-with-blood-tests-1444881901">revealed</a> in 2015, Holmes created an intricate web of deception. Even as machines found their way into chemists and were being used by medical insurance companies, they never actually worked.</p> <p>Holmes put patients’ lives at risk and cost investors millions of dollars.</p> <p>The documentary is compelling viewing, but as it enters a very slim field of movies about female entrepreneurs it is worth questioning the impact of the stories we choose to tell.</p> <p><strong>Fall from grace</strong></p> <p>The journey Holmes took from young idol to spectacular failure is a story about systemic issues and the <a href="https://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/silicon-valley-work-culture/">sometimes toxic</a> culture of the world of start-ups.</p> <p>Prior to the scandal breaking, Holmes was <a href="https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/12/15/blood-simpler">celebrated in the media</a>. She was portrayed as a Stanford University dropout with a vision for changing the world. She raised hundreds of millions of dollars from powerful men in a start-up landscape known for its <a href="https://hbr.org/2020/01/how-the-vc-pitch-process-is-failing-female-entrepreneurs">discriminating funding practices</a>.</p> <p>She made the <a href="https://www.forbes.com/profile/elizabeth-holmes/#338f337c47a7">cover</a> of Forbes magazine in 2014 as the world’s youngest self-made female billionaire. Holmes represented a heady mix of tech, science and business. She was the golden girl of the start-up world.</p> <p>This made her fall from grace even more spectacular.</p> <p>But compare Holmes’ portrayal with another well known example of a deceitful male entrepreneur: <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/feb/28/wolf-of-wall-street-jordan-belfort-sex-drugs">Jordan Belfort</a>, the “wolf of Wall Street”.</p> <p>Belfort ran an elaborate crime scheme linked to manipulating the stock market and was jailed for 22 months for securities fraud. Nonetheless, his <a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/522776.The_Wolf_of_Wall_Street">autobiography</a> and Martin Scorsese’s 2013 <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0993846/">film adaptation</a> depict Belfort’s story as celebration of wealth and power, rather than a critical review of his fraudulent behaviour.</p> <p><strong>Where are all the good stories?</strong></p> <p>Feature films about female entrepreneurs are few and far between.</p> <p><a href="https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/AMBPP.2020.21276abstract">Research</a> from one of the authors examined English-language films from 1986 to 2016 with female entrepreneurs as the central character. Over the 30-year period, only 11 films about women entrepreneurs were identified – fewer than the number of <a href="https://www.macworld.co.uk/news/apple/steve-jobs-movies-documentaries-to-watch-3786148/">films about Apple co-founder Steve Jobs</a> alone.</p> <p>From <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0092605/">Baby Boom</a> (1987), where Diane Keaton’s character starts a baby food business, to Melissa McCarthy’s brownie empire in <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2702724">The Boss</a> (2016), these films overwhelmingly depicted female entrepreneurs as running small-scale kitchen table businesses in female-dominated industries.</p> <p>These movies told stories of cleaning, as in <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2446980/">Joy</a> (2015) and <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0862846/">Sunshine Cleaning</a> (2008); fashion, as in <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2361509/">The Intern</a> (2015); and not-for-profit work, as in the <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0116313/">First Wives Club</a> (1996).</p> <p>Businesses depicted typically had low numbers of paid employees. The entrepreneurs were resource-poor, and most often it was a supporting male character who helped the female entrepreneur succeed.</p> <p>Additionally, the study found a woman starting her own business is seemingly not enough to hold audience attention: all films included a parallel romantic storyline.</p> <p><strong>The female entrepreneur as role model</strong></p> <p>Celebrating successful female role models <a href="https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167487011000353">encourages women</a> to dream big and succeed in male dominated arenas.</p> <p>Role models provide a source of inspiration and contribute to self-belief. As the quantity of entrepreneurship related media increases, so does the amount of <a href="https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s11365-006-0018-8.pdf">entrepreneurial activity</a>.</p> <p>However, negative portrayals of careers may <a href="https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1997-04591-001">prevent</a> people from considering a profession.</p> <p>The case of Holmes and Theranos is damaging for the <a href="https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2018-03-14/theranos-misled-investors-and-consumers-who-used-its-blood-test">betrayed</a> customers and investors, but also for the field of entrepreneurship, which only in recent decades has seen its reputation overhauled.</p> <p>Entrepreneurship was once the <a href="http://cup.columbia.edu/book/a-brief-history-of-entrepreneurship/9780231173049">domain of racketeers</a>. Over time, it has evolved to be the domain of tech celebrities, socially conscious founders and a vehicle for upward social mobility – but still, too often, a domain of men.</p> <p><a href="https://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/9780429279836/chapters/10.4324/9780429279836-26">One study</a> investigated how female entrepreneurs are featured on the cover of Entrepreneur magazine. Women were vastly outnumbered by men on the cover, and were often portrayed in a stereotypical female fashion.</p> <p>Words surrounding images of women tended to be about nurturing, health, beauty and fashion. Wording accompanying images of male entrepreneurs talked of power, innovation and risk taking.</p> <p>Women were “glamified” in full make-up and focus given to their face, while men were more likely to be standing and set against a corporate colour palette.</p> <p>How we tell stories of female entrepreneurs matters.</p> <p>In order to achieve equity in entrepreneurship, we need to acknowledge the role of the media in filling the entrepreneurship pipeline.</p> <p>Positive depictions of innovative women act as a mirror, showing girls and women what they can achieve. We need more, and better, stories about female entrepreneurs so stories about female innovation aren’t limited to failure and fraud.</p> <p><em>Written by Bronwyn Eager and Louise Grimmer. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/the-inventor-tells-a-story-of-a-fraudulent-female-billionaire-where-are-the-films-starring-successful-women-entrepreneurs-145922">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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10 iconic movie cars – and how much they cost in real life

<p><strong>1963 Aston Martin DB5</strong></p> <p>If you were either wise or lucky enough to purchase a ’63 Aston Martin DB5 just as the luxury car made its first appearance in a James Bond 007 movie (1964’s <em>Goldfinger</em>) you would not only go on to see it featured in four more Bond films – <em>Thunderball</em> (1965), <em>GoldenEye</em> (1995), <em>Tomorrow Never Dies</em> (1997) and <em>Casino Royale</em> (2006) – you’d also have seen a staggering 11,000-per cent increase in your car’s value! The original sale price was just over US$5,500 (US$45,000 in today’s money) and modern-day sales of Aston Martin DB5s have fetched upwards of $620k! The actual DB5 used in the filming of <em>GoldenEye</em> was recently sold to Spyscape, a New York City spy museum, for a whopping US$2.6 million, reports <em>Hemmings Daily</em>.</p> <p><strong>1967 Shelby Mustang GT500</strong></p> <p>Owners of this iconic 1967 Mustang will never bemoan a movie remake again after seeing the value of their ride rise by over 4,000-per cent because their Shelby Mustang GT500 was used in the year-2000 version of Gone in 60 Seconds. In the original cult classic flick from ’73, a Mustang Mach 1 from the same year was featured as Eleanor, but the remake’s Eleanor II sent automotive resale figures skyward as moviegoers flocked to see the new film at the turn of the millennium. The ’67 Shelby, originally worth US$4,195, is now being sold for a cool US$178,200, per CompareTheMarket.com’s research.</p> <p><strong>1970 Dodge Charger</strong></p> <p>No recent film has increased interest in and prices of cars quite like The Fast and the Furious movies. When the first film in the franchise debuted in 2001, the 1970 Dodge Charger quickly became the it car when Dominic Toretto claimed he could race a quarter-mile in nine seconds. With an original value of just US$3,711 and a 1,120 per cent increase in less than 20 years, this model year Dodge Charger has recently sold for around over US$82k.</p> <p><strong>1963 Model 117 Volkswagen Type 1</strong></p> <p>First featured in The Love Bug, the famous little Herbie VW beetle with that legendary racing stripe and number down the centre of its bulbous hood had a lucrative Hollywood career with five sequels over a sprawling 31-year span. Not only did that first movie help to make this cute car an iconic vehicle that would stay super popular with young people for over a half-century, it may have also contributed to the Type 1’s 931 per cent price increase since 1963, going from an original sticker price of US$1,595.00 to around US$16,493.40 in automotive resale markets today.</p> <p><strong>1966 Ford Thunderbird</strong></p> <p>Providing they didn’t drive it off a cliff in a dramatically cinematic moment of their own, owners of a ’66 Thunderbird made famous in the movie Thelma &amp; Louise would’ve seen their car’s value increase 630 per cent in the nearly three decades since the Geena Davis and Susan Sarandon film was released. The actual car from the film sold in 2008 at auction for US$71,500. The only way your decades-old car will be able to grow in value is with some serious TLC.</p> <p><strong>1977 Chevrolet Camaro</strong></p> <p>There’s nothing like a blockbuster summer action flick to give rise to car prices! One of the stars of the 2007 Transformers reboot is the ’77 Camaro with bright yellow paint and evocative black stripes running the length of its body. The car will forever be known as “Bumblebee.” With an original price tag of US$4,233.00 and an average recent sale price of US$12,012, there has been just a modest 183 per cent increase, although to be fair the film is less than 20 years old. One would expect the value to only be going in one direction from here! Fun fact: the more recent movie Bumblebee, starring Hailee Steinfield, features not a muscle car Camaro but a yellow VW Beetle. And as we’ve learned above, that is an adorable ride rich in cinematic history and price increases!</p> <p><strong>1981 DeLorean DMC-12</strong></p> <p>For people of a certain generation, it can be argued that there isn’t a more iconic movie car than the 1981 DeLorean. The funky ride played a pivotal role in getting Michael J. Fox Back To The Future but you might be surprised to learn that on-screen success has done practically nothing to help lightning strike and electrify the price of the DeLorean. Maybe this is because the car originally cost an inflated US$25,000 (US$69,000 in today’s dollar adjusted for inflation) or maybe because it simply wasn’t a good enough or practical enough vehicle in the first place. Christopher Lloyd’s little speedster is fetching only US$32,378 in recent sales according to CompareTheMarket.com. It is worth noting that special editions of the DeLorean DMC-12 either used in the movie or modified to look like the famous time machine can fetch a lot more on the open market today.</p> <p><strong>1968 Ford Mustang GT 390 Fastback</strong></p> <p>The Highland Green sports car driven around San Francisco by Steve McQueen’s determined cop, Frank Bullitt, in the eponymous thriller has seen a 1,200 per cent price growth since its 1968 launch. Originally sold for US$3,500 (a hair under US$26,000 today), the Mustang GT390 now gets over US$80k on the open market some 50 years later. Thanks to being a beloved Mustang model, Ford paid homage to the original Bullitt by introducing a new Mustang GT package featuring the Bullitt nameplate in 2001 and re-fired the Bullitt again in 2008-2009, reports CJ Pony Parts.</p> <p><strong>1961 Ferrari 250 GT California Spyder</strong></p> <p>According to The Drive, “the best cast member [in Ferris Bueller’s Day Off] never said a word, had four wheels and met an untimely demise at the bottom of a ravine. That’s the rosso corsa 1961 Ferrari 250GT SWB California Spider “borrowed” from Cameron’s dad.” There were 56 made in total, and only 37 of which featured those famous headlights, so how much is the car worth if you could throw it in reverse to wind down the mileage? Per AutoBlog.com, “a real deal, not replica, 1961 Ferrari 250 GT SWB California Spider – just like the one we fell in love with watching Ferris Bueller’s Day Off – was offered for sale to the public for the first time in its 55-year history in March of 2016, and fetched US$17.16 million.”</p> <p><strong>1977 Pontiac Trans Am Special Edition</strong></p> <p>Surely its star turn in Smokey and the Bandit, and not the underground instrumental post-rock from the 90s called Trans Am, is the reason this vehicle’s price has risen over the past 40 years. Originally costing car buyers US$5,456, some ’77 Pontiac Trans Ams evoking memories of that classic film are going for nearly US$22,000 today. If only that price tag came with even an ounce of Burt Reynolds’ timeless cool factor! For the film’s sequel, again a Pontiac Trans Am was employed but this time a 1980 Turbo model was featured.</p> <p><em>Written by <span>Jeff Bogle</span>. This article first appeared on <a href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/10-iconic-movie-cars-and-how-much-they-cost-in-real-life">Reader’s Digest</a>. For more of what you love from the world’s best-loved magazine, <a href="http://readersdigest.com.au/subscribe">here’s our best subscription offer</a>.</em></p>

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Close up: World War Z frames the terror of ‘loss of self’ and the threat of a mass pandemic

<p>How do filmmakers communicate big ideas on screen? In this video series, film scholar Bruce Isaacs analyses pivotal film scenes in detail. (Warning: this video contains violence and may be upsetting for some viewers.)</p> <p><iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/rTkFBg2gSRQ" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p> <p>There is perhaps no better time than now to appreciate the unique and subversive genre of <a href="https://theconversation.com/were-obsessed-with-zombies-which-says-a-lot-about-today-37552">zombie movies</a>. These films have always been great socio-cultural lenses. Night of the Living Dead and Dawn of the Dead were two classics of the genre.</p> <p><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0816711/?ref_=ttfc_fc_tt">World War Z</a> (2013), an adaptation of Max Brook’s 2006 <a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/8908.World_War_Z">apocalyptic zombie novel</a> continues this tradition. In a pivotal scene set in Jerusalem, director <a href="https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0286975/?ref_=tt_ov_dr">Marc Foster</a> encapsulates the greatest threat posed by zombies: the end of our individuality and loss of uniqueness. The casting of Hollywood star <a href="https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000093/?ref_=tt_ov_st_sm">Brad Pitt</a> is crucial, as are the cuts between him as a figure and the invading mass.</p> <p><em>Written by Bruce Isaacs. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/close-up-world-war-z-frames-the-terror-of-loss-of-self-and-the-threat-of-a-mass-pandemic-145090">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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"Devastating": Jack Thompson reveals the iconic movie role that got away

<p><span>Jack Thompson is a name many would recognise.</span><br /><br /><span>He can boast a stellar acting career, however he has admitted there is one role that might have changed his whole life if he’d gotten it.</span><br /><br /><span>Appearing on Anh's Brush With Fame on Tuesday, the 80-year-old Aussie screen legend revealed he only just missed out on the lead in <em>Schindler's List</em>.</span><br /><br /><span>The Steven Spielberg-directed film was released in 1994.</span></p> <p><img style="width: 0px; height: 0px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837628/jack-thompson-2.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/fdf91a1ce4d54da3aab296670b96dedf" /><br /><span>The iconic movie won seven Oscars, with Liam Neeson ultimately cast in the role.</span><br /><br /><span>The 68-year-old Irish actor also picked up a Best Actor Oscar nomination, but Jack said the role was “almost” his.</span><br /><br /><span>“I'd done camera tests, shot a couple of scenes, and then did a whole afternoon with Spielberg,” he explained to host Anh Do.</span><br /><br /><span>“At the end of it [Steven Spielberg] said, ‘Well, there's not much doubt.’”</span><br /><br /><span>Jack said Steven then told him that he had to catch a flight to New York, and they'd sign the contracts when he returned on the Monday.</span><br /><br /><span>But while he was in New York, the legendary director met up with Liam and had a change of heart.</span></p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7837629/jack-thompson-1.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/688a7d12ba824ab8a97d2aeecb70ee7e" /></p> <p><span><em>Liam Neeson in the Schindler's List </em></span><br /><br /><span>Jack said while the news was “a bit devastating”, he was ultimately “OK” with it, due to the complex nature of the business.</span><br /><br /><span>However he confessed that the full impact of what had occurred only struck him ”months and months and months later”.</span><br /><br /><span>“I’m on my farm, I've gone right up to the back hill, and I get off the horse… and [I'm thinking about] what had just happened with Schindler's List and I just [yelled]: ’F***’,” he admitted.</span></p>

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“Wakanda forever”: Marvel stars pay respect to lost superstar Chadwick Boseman

<p><span>Many members of the Marvel family have paid their respects following the crushing news that Chadwick Boseman, superhero actor, has died at age 43.</span><br /><br /><span>The talented performer portrayed T’Challa in the groundbreaking film Black Panther.</span><br /><br /><span>“It is with immeasurable grief that we confirm the passing of Chadwick Boseman,” the family said in a statement on Friday.</span><br /><br /><span>“Chadwick was diagnosed with stage III colon cancer in 2016 and battled with it these last four years as it progressed to stage IV. A true fighter, Chadwick persevered through it all, and brought you many of the films you have come to love so much.</span><br /><br /><span>“From Marshall to Da 5 Bloods, August Wilson’s Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom and several more, all were filmed during and between countless surgeries and chemotherapy. It was the honor of his career to bring King T’Challa to life in Black Panther.”</span><br /><br /><span>The statement finished: “He died in his home, with his wife and family by his side.”</span><br /><br /><span>Over the years, Boseman has made his mark by appearing in multiple Avengers films, making his debut as Black Panther in 2016’s Captain America: Civil War.</span><br /><br /><span>Two years later, the remarkable thespian led in his own groundbreaking film, Black Panther, before finally appearing in Avengers: Infinity War.</span><br /><br /><span>In 2019, Black Panther made a cameo in Avengers: End Game.</span><br /><br /><span>Black Panther achieved its own incredible feats just on its own however, including the SAG Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture.</span><br /><br /><span>The 42 star took the stage to say: “I think of two questions we have received: 1.) Did we know that this movie was going to receive this kind of response? 2.) Has it changed the industry?</span><br /><br /><span>“My answer to that is to be young, gifted and Black. We all know what it’s like to be told that there’s not a place for you to be featured.</span><br /><br /><span>“We know what it’s like to be told that there’s not a screen for you to be featured on — a stage for you to be featured on.”</span><br /><br /><span>He finished by saying: “We know what it’s like to be the tail and not the head. We know what it’s like to be beneath and not above, and that is what we went to work with every day because we know that had something special that we wanted to give the world — that we could be full human beings in the roles that we were playing.</span><br /><br /><span>“That we could create a world that exemplified a world we wanted to see.”</span><br /><br /><span>Following his death, the cast of Black Panther and other Avengers cast members shared their thoughts on social media.</span><br /><br /><span>Chris Evans took to Instagram on Saturday to honour the actor.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEdTxJWFYoD/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEdTxJWFYoD/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Chris Evans (@chrisevans)</a> on Aug 28, 2020 at 8:21pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>target="_blank"&gt;https://www.instagram.com/p/CEdTxJWFYoD/<span></span><br /><br /><span>“I’m absolutely devastated. This is beyond heartbreaking. Chadwick was special,” he said.</span><br /><br /><span>“A true original. He was a deeply committed and constantly curious artist. Few performers have such power and versatility. He had so much amazing work still left to create. I’m endlessly grateful for our friendship. My thoughts and prayers are with his family. Rest in power, King.”</span><br /><br /><span>Jake Gyllenhaal also took to social media to share his condolences, writing: “Chadwick’s strength and goodness and honesty burned in his eyes. We only spent a handful of hours together, but anyone that crossed paths with him on or off screen knows what I mean: he was rare. The genuine article. His bravery is a lesson to us all. Rest In Peace, Mr. Boseman. You will be deeply missed.”</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEfKmbHHHPf/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEfKmbHHHPf/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Jake Gyllenhaal (@jakegyllenhaal)</a> on Aug 29, 2020 at 1:40pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><span>Captain Marvel’s Brie Lawson said Chadwick would “never be forgotten” in a heartfelt post.</span><br /><br /><span>“Chadwick was someone who radiated power and peace,” she began.</span><br /><br /><span>“Who stood for so much more than himself. Who took the time to really see how you were doing and gave words of encouragement when you felt unsure. I’m honored to have the memories I have. The conversations, the laughter. My heart is with you and your family. You will be missed and never forgotten. Rest in power and peace my friend.”</span><br /><br /></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEdRs2wDXFD/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CEdRs2wDXFD/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Brie (@brielarson)</a> on Aug 28, 2020 at 8:03pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>“This hurts. Really hurts,” Boseman’s <em>Black Panther</em> costar, Letitia Wright, tweeted.</p> <div class="gallerydata update" data-aop="galleryflex_slidedata"> <div class="show"> <div class="body-text"> <div class="expand"> <div class="caption"> <div class="gallery-caption-text"> <p>Scarlett Johansson said in a statement: “Chadwick was not only a deeply soulful and powerful actor, but he was such a kind, thoughtful, funny and gentle person.”</p> <p>“He brightened everyone’s day every time he walked into our hair and makeup trailer or on set with his beautiful smile.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p>Robert Downey Jr. shared a heartfelt Instagram post, writing: “Mr. Boseman leveled the playing field while fighting for his life… That’s heroism… I’ll remember the good times, the laughter, and the way he changed the game… #chadwickforever."</p> <p> “Today is beyond devastating to comprehend. Just shock and pain," Sebastian Stan said.</p> <div class="gallerydata update" data-aop="galleryflex_slidedata"> <div class="show"> <div class="body-text"> <div class="expand"> <div class="caption"> <div class="gallery-caption-text"> <p>"I was in awe of Chadwick, as an actor, in his commitment to the work and as a human.</p> <p>“I looked up to him. The way he carried himself, how thoughtful and mindful he was, how generous…he elevated everyone around him. None of it makes sense to me. There was so much more coming from this man. It’s such a loss. Such a shame.” </p> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="stb-flex" data-stickyviews="4" data-stickytopmargin="20"> <div id="content-actions-toolbar-vert" data-documentid="BB18ug5J" data-isrsthree="False" data-verticalkey="entertainment"> <div class="contentActionsToolbar-DS-unknown1-1 contentActionsToolbar_vertical-DS-unknown1-1"> <div data-t="{&quot;i&quot;:&quot;1|1&quot;}"> <p>Hulk actor Mark Ruffalo shared his own words about the heartbreaking loss: “All I have to say is the tragedies amassing this year have only been made more profound by the loss of #ChadwickBoseman.</p> <p>“What a man, and what an immense talent. Brother, you were one of the all time greats and your greatness was only beginning. Lord love ya. Rest in power, King.”</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <p><span>Additionally, the DC Comics Twitter account — DC is the famous Marvel rival — tweeted a powerful statement. “To a hero who transcends universes. Wakanda Forever,” the statement read. “Rest in Power Chadwick.”</span></p>

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Bingeing Netflix under lockdown? Here’s why streaming comes at a cost to the environment

<p>Coronavirus lockdowns have led to a <a href="https://www.csiro.au/en/News/News-releases/2020/COVID-19-puts-brakes-on-global-emissions">massive reduction</a> in global emissions, but there’s one area where energy usage is up – way up – during the pandemic: <a href="https://which-50.com/an-extraordinary-period-in-internet-history-akamai-data-shows-30-per-cent-surge-in-internet-traffic/">internet traffic</a>.</p> <p>Data-intensive <a href="https://www.streamingmediablog.com/2020/04/cdn-traffic-update.html">video streaming</a>, <a href="https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/gaming-usage-up-75-percent-coronavirus-outbreak-verizon-reports-1285140">gaming</a> and <a href="https://blog.zoom.us/wordpress/2020/04/01/a-message-to-our-users/">livestreaming</a> for business, university and school classes, is <a href="https://theshiftproject.org/en/lean-ict-2/">chewing up energy</a>.</p> <p>Estimates can be <a href="https://www.carbonbrief.org/factcheck-what-is-the-carbon-footprint-of-streaming-video-on-netflix">notoriously difficult</a> and depend on the electricity source, but six hours of streaming video may be the equivalent of burning one litre of petrol, due to emissions from the electricity used to power the <a href="https://theconversation.com/wheres-your-data-its-not-actually-in-the-cloud-its-sitting-in-a-data-centre-64168">data centres</a> which deliver the video.</p> <p>In fact, the energy associated with the global IT sector – from powering internet servers to charging smartphones – is estimated to have the <a href="https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/08/160811090046.htm">same carbon footprint</a> as the <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06610-y">aviation industry’s fuel emissions</a> (before planes were grounded).</p> <p>But Australia is a global leader in research to lower the energy used in IT, which is vital for meeting the streaming demand without the environmental cost.</p> <p><strong>Where does the data come from?</strong></p> <p>Video requires huge amounts of data, and accounts for around <a href="https://theshiftproject.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/07/2019-02.pdf">80% of the data</a> transmitted on the internet. Much of the energy needed for streaming services is consumed by data centres, which deliver data to your computer or device. Increasingly housed in vast factory-sized buildings, these servers store, process and distribute internet traffic.</p> <p>Research in 2015 found data centres may consume as much as <a href="https://www.mdpi.com/2078-1547/6/1/117">13% of the world’s electricity by 2030</a>, accounting for about 6% of global carbon dioxide emissions. And the European Commission-funded Eureca project <a href="https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/major-milestone-driving-energy-efficiency-data-rabih-bashroush/">found</a> data centres in EU countries consumed 25% more energy in 2017 compared with 2014.</p> <p>Imagine what those figures will look like at the end of this year of home-bound internet use.</p> <p><strong>Meeting demands with Moore’s law</strong></p> <p>The growth in IT is often taken for granted. In contrast to the old days of dial-up internet, we now demand a three-hour movie, in high definition, to download immediately. We want phones that can take video like a pro.</p> <p>None of this is free. Nor is it sustainable. Every year the number of computations, or transmission of information through space, done globally, <a href="https://science.sciencemag.org/content/332/6025/60">increases by 60%</a>, according to 2011 research.</p> <p>All this computation uses “transistors”. These are tiny switches that amplify electrical signals, and are made using silicon-based technology.</p> <p>For the past 40 years, our ever-increasing need for more computing was largely satisfied by incremental improvements in silicon-based computing technology – ever-smaller, ever-faster, ever-more efficient chips. We refer to this constant shrinking of silicon components as “Moore’s law”.</p> <p>For example, since the late 1970s the length of transistors reduces by about 30%, and the area by about 50%, every two years. This shrinks the energy used in switching on and off each transistor by about 50%, which is better for the environment.</p> <p>While each transistor uses only a tiny amount of energy, there are billions of transistors in a typical computer chip, each switching billions of time per second. This can add up to a vast amount of energy.</p> <p><strong>We need better chips</strong></p> <p>Recently it has become much <a href="https://www.sciencefocus.com/future-technology/when-the-chips-are-down/">harder</a> (and much more <a href="https://www.economist.com/news/2013/11/18/no-moore">expensive</a>) to pursue such trends, and the number of companies pursuing smaller components is dropping off rapidly.</p> <p>Globally, four companies manufactured chips with 14 nanometre (nm) transistors in 2014, but in recent years they’ve struggled to continue shrinking the size of silicon transistors. Global Foundries dropped out of this race altogether in <a href="https://www.anandtech.com/show/13277/globalfoundries-stops-all-7nm-development">2018</a>, and Intel experienced enormous <a href="https://www.anandtech.com/show/15580/intel-cfo-our-10nm-will-be-less-profitable-than-22nm">problems</a> with manufacturing at 10 nm. That leaves only two companies (Samsung and TSMC) making 7 nm transistors today.</p> <p>So the answer isn’t to switch off Netflix. The answer is to create <a href="https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/02/24/905789/were-not-prepared-for-the-end-of-moores-law/">better computer chips</a>.</p> <p>But we’ve got everything we can out of silicon, so we need to use something else. If we want computing to continue to grow, we need new, energy-efficient computers.</p> <p><strong>Australia is a leader in low-energy solutions</strong></p> <p>Australia is leading the world in this new field to replace conventional electronics. The ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low-Energy Electronics Technologies (<a href="http://www.fleet.org.au/">FLEET</a>) was established in 2017 to address exactly this challenge.</p> <p>Michael Fuhrer explains topological materials and why they might change the world.</p> <p>Last year scientists at FLEET published research in Nature <a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0788-5">revealing</a> the discovery that the “topological” material sodium-bismuthide could be the key to achieving ultra-low energy electronics.</p> <p>These so-called topological insulators, which led to a <a href="https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/2016/summary/">2016 Nobel Prize in Physics</a>, conduct electricity only along their edges, and in one direction, without loss of energy due to resistance.</p> <p>This discovery is a first step towards the development of a low-energy replacement for conventional silicon-based electronics.</p> <p>Other top research centres in Australia are addressing different parts of this challenge. For example, <a href="https://tmos.org.au/">one centre</a> is working to reduce the energy used in ubiquitous communication of digital data. Another two are taking a different tack, developing an entirely new <a href="https://www.technologyreview.com/2019/01/29/66141/what-is-quantum-computing/">quantum technology for computing</a> which promises to enormously speed up, and improve the efficiency of, certain difficult computing tasks.</p> <p>Quantum computing expert Michelle Simmons explains why this research is so important.</p> <p>Other countries are equally focused on developing alternatives to the unsustainable need for better and faster electronics, since we cannot sustain the energy needed for these existing and future technologies.</p> <p>All of these technologies are still confined to specialised laboratories and are probably at least a decade away from finding their way into everyday devices. But we don’t expect the demand for computing to go away, and the energy problem in IT will only become more urgent.</p> <p><em>Written by Michael Fuhrer and Errol Hunt. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/bingeing-netflix-under-lockdown-heres-why-streaming-comes-at-a-cost-to-the-environment-143190">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Can you guess the movies that made these quotes famous?

<p>Test your knowledge of these famous lines and movie titles. Scroll to the bottom to check the answers.<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn.”</em><br />1. Forrest Gump<br />2. A Streetcar Named Desire<br />3. Gone With the Wind<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Ogres are like onions."</em><br />1. Shrek<br />2. Monsters, Inc.<br />3. Antz<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Put some Windex on it.”</em><br />1. Maid in Manhattan<br />2. Sunshine Cleaning<br />3. My Big Fat Greek Wedding<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Why so serious?”</em><br />1. The Dark Knight<br />2. Avengers: Endgame<br />3. Suicide Squad<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Are you not entertained?”</em><br />1. Braveheart<br />2. 300<br />3. Gladiator<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“She doesn’t even go here.”</em><br />1. Bring It On<br />2. Mean Girls<br />3. Freaky Friday<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Florals? For spring? Groundbreaking.”</em><br />1. 27 Dresses<br />2. Confessions of a Shopaholic<br />3. The Devil Wears Prada<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Remember, the Force will be with you always.”</em><br />1. Star Trek<br />2. Star Wars<br />3. Battlestar Galactica<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Here’s looking at you, kid.”</em><br />1. To Catch A Thief<br />2. Citizen Kane<br />3. Casablanca<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“You had me at ‘hello.’”</em><br />1. Jerry Maguire<br />2. As Good as It Gets<br />3. The Story of Us<br /><br /><br /><em>“They call it Royale, with cheese.”</em><br />1. The Hateful Eight<br />2. Pulp Fiction<br />3. Kill Bill: Volume 1<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Go ahead, make my day.”</em><br />1. Unforgiven<br />2. Dirty Harry<br />3. Sudden Impact<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Carpe diem. Seize the day, boys. Make your lives extraordinary.”</em><br />1. Dead Poets Society<br />2. Good Will Hunting<br />3. School Ties<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“I’ll have what she’s having.”</em><br />1. When Harry Met Sally<br />2. Sleepless in Seattle<br />3. You’ve Got Mail<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Hello. My name is Inigo Montoya. You killed my father. Prepare to die.”</em><br />1. Ever After<br />2. The Princess Bride<br />3. A Knight’s Tale<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“You can’t handle the truth!”</em><br />1. Rules of Engagement<br />2. A Few Good Men<br />3. Men of Honour<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“You’re gonna need a bigger boat.”</em><br />1. The Deep<br />2. The Shallows<br />3. Jaws<br /><br /></p> <p><em>“Nobody puts Baby in a corner.”</em><br />1. Dirty Dancing<br />2. Footloose<br />3. Save the Last Dance</p> <p> </p> <p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>Answers</strong></span></p> <p><em>“Frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn.”</em><br /><strong>Gone with the Wind (1939)</strong><br />In Gone with the Wind, Scarlett runs down the stairs after Rhett Butler in the hopes of winning him back. She asks what she should do and where she should go, but he had enough of her antics and responded with, “Frankly, my dear, I don’t give a damn.” This is one of the most famous movie quotes of all time.</p> <p><em>“Ogres are like onions."</em><br /><strong>Shrek (2001)</strong><br />Shrek is one funny family movie that the whole gang will love. It features plenty of great one-liners, including, “Ogres are like onions.” The titular character further explains that ogres are like onions because both have layers.</p> <p><em>“Put some Windex on it.”</em><br /><strong>My Big Fat Greek Wedding (2002)</strong><br />We don’t think the characters in My Big Fat Greek Wedding know that there are plenty of things you should never clean with Windex. Still, the main character explains that her dad believes Windex cures everything from poison ivy to psoriasis.</p> <p><em>“Why so serious?”</em><br /><strong>The Dark Knight (2008)</strong><br />Hopefully, you guessed correctly because Heath Ledger as the Joker in The Dark Knight is a hard performance to forget. It’s unsurprising that Rotten Tomatoes users voted this performance as the most memorable movie moment of the last 21 years.</p> <p><em>“Are you not entertained?”</em><br /><strong>Gladiator (2000)</strong><br />Although this movie is almost 20 years old, the pop-cultural references persist because it’s so ridiculously quotable. One of the most famous lines in the movie, directed by Ridley Scott is, “Are you not entertained?” If you don’t automatically lift your arms to mimic Russell Crowe’s character, then you probably got this question wrong.</p> <p><em>“She doesn’t even go here.”</em><br /><strong>Mean Girls (2004)</strong><br />Quotes from Mean Girls are still relevant and recognised even though the movie is from 2004. People also celebrate October 3rd as Mean Girls Day because of another infamous line from the movie.</p> <p><em>“Florals? For spring? Groundbreaking.”</em><br /><strong>The Devil Wears Prada (2006)</strong><br />Meryl Streep is in at least 68 different movies, and her role in The Devil Wears Prada is just one of her many fantastic and memorable characters. Anyone who works in media, magazines, or fashion is especially familiar with the movie and the scene where Streep says, “Florals? For spring? Groundbreaking.”</p> <p><em>“Remember, the Force will be with you always.”</em><br /><strong>Star Wars: A New Hope (1977)</strong><br />This quote might have thrown you for a loop. That’s because it’s one of the movie quotes most people get wrong. Many people think the quote is, “May the Force be with you.” In fact, it’s often attributed to Obi-Wan Kenobi, but he never said it in the original Star Wars films. General Dodonna says this line to his Rebel troops, and later, Han Solo says it to Luke before the latter flies off to take down the Death Star. Obi-Wan does say the line in Attack of the Clones and Revenge of the Sith, too.</p> <p><em>“Here’s looking at you, kid.”</em><br /><strong>Casablanca (1942)</strong><br />Casablanca is a classic movie that people lie about watching. That might be part of the reason why it’s common for people to botch some of the famous quotes from the classic film. One that people mostly get right is, “Here’s looking at you, kid.”</p> <p><em>“You had me at ‘hello.’”</em><br /><strong>Jerry Maguire (1996)</strong><br />Although the movie does focus heavily on sports, the famous quote is more romantic than athletic. The titular character played by Tom Cruise goes on a long-winded rant to try and win back his ex, played by Rene Zellweger, but she cuts him off with, “You had me at ‘hello.’” It might not necessarily be one of best romantic movies of all time, but it’s certainly worth watching.<br /><br /><em>“They call it Royale, with cheese.”</em><br /><strong>Pulp Fiction (1994)</strong><br />Keeping track of the storylines in Pulp Fiction is part of the fun of watching the crime movie. The stars include John Travolta, Uma Thurman, Bruce Willis, and Samuel L. Jackson, who says, “They call it Royale, with cheese.”</p> <p><em>“Go ahead, make my day.”</em><br /><strong>Sudden Impact (1983)</strong><br />Harry Callahan’s catchphrase, “Go ahead, make my day,” is something he says at the beginning and end of Sudden Impact. Callahan, played by Clint Eastwood, says this line to a robber to show that he could be easily provoked.</p> <p><em>“Carpe diem. Seize the day, boys. Make your lives extraordinary.”</em><br /><strong>Dead Poets Society (1989)</strong><br />If you’ve ever had an English teacher impact your life, you’re also a prime candidate for watching this 1989 movie. In the film, John Keating, played by Robin Williams, is an unorthodox teacher at an all-boys prep school. “Carpe diem,” he tells his students. “Seize the day, boys. Make your lives extraordinary.”</p> <p><em>“I’ll have what she’s having.”</em><br /><strong>When Harry Met Sally (1989)</strong><br />Although Meg Ryan stars in Sleepless in Seattle and You’ve Got Mail, it’s her performance in When Harry Met Sally that led to this famous quote. After Ryan’s character does some impressive acting of her own, an extra says, “I’ll have what she’s having.”</p> <p><em>“Hello. My name is Inigo Montoya. You killed my father. Prepare to die.”</em><br /><strong>The Princess Bride (1987)</strong><br />This film is based on a 1973 book by the same name, and although the book features one of the most romantic quotes, the movie quote that sticks out the most is about revenge. Inigo repeats this line more than once until he finally meets the man who killed his father.</p> <p><em>“You can’t handle the truth!”</em><br /><strong>A Few Good Men (1992)</strong><br />A Few Good Men has a few good movie quotes, but none are more memorable than, “You can’t handle the truth.” Jack Nicholson delivers this line during a heated courtroom interrogation.</p> <p><em>“You’re gonna need a bigger boat.”</em><br /><strong>Jaws (1975)</strong><br />Police Chief Brody yells, “You’re gonna need a bigger boat,” during an iconic scene in Jaws after seeing the gigantic shark he hopes to catch.<br /><br /><em>“Nobody puts Baby in a corner.”</em><br /><strong>Dirty Dancing (1987)</strong><br />Johnny Castle, played by Patrick Swayze, rescues Baby after her father tells her to sit away from the dance stage, in the corner. Castle takes her hand, so the couple dances and have the time of their lives.</p> <p> </p> <p><em>This article was originally published on <a rel="noopener" href="https://www.readersdigest.com.au/culture/can-you-guess-the-movies-that-made-these-quotes-famous" target="_blank">Reader's Digest.</a></em></p> <p> </p> <p> </p>

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Tom Hanks praises Australia for taking care of him during coronavirus diagnosis

<p><br /><span>Tom Hanks has thanked Australia for taking care of him and his wife Rita Wilson when he was diagnosed with COVID-19 while residing in the country.</span><br /><br /><span>While speaking to the <em>Today</em> show on Tuesday, the 63-year-old told Allison Langdon: “Thanks to our friends Down Under who guaranteed our safety and saw us through.”</span><br /><br /><span>The Hollywood star joked he may just have been Australia’s most “famous COVID patient”.</span><br /><br /><span>In the interview, Tom also went on to describe just how much went wrong on his new WWII drama movie <em>Greyhound</em>, due to the pandemic.</span></p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7836818/tom-hanks-1.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/72ec151b89c64f36944296d7bc899574" /><br /><br /><span>The film, for which he also penned the screenplay, had been due for release in movie theatres in May but was pushed back due to COVID-19.</span><br /><br /><span>Apple conveniently went on to purchase the film for its Apple + subscribers after it was realised it would be a long while before cinemas could be opened back up.</span><br /><br /><span>Ally told Tom that she enjoyed watching the film from the comfort of her own home, but Tom couldn't help but admit he was disappointed that Greyhound couldn’t be shared in cinemas as intended.</span><br /><br /><span>“On one hand, I'm happy to hear that and on the other hand, you're breaking my heart,” he lamented.</span><br /><br /><span>“We shot [Greyhound] for the big screen. It was mixed, it was edited, everything about it looks fantastic,” he continued.</span><br /><br /><span>“I wish that there had been 160 other people in their PJs, in your room, watching it with you at the same time.”</span><br /><br /><span>Greyhound shows Tom as a U.S. Navy Captain who is given command of a destroyer code-named Greyhound in his first wartime assignment.</span><br /><br /><span>Despite his inexperience, he finds himself in charge of an allied convoy that's being stalked by Nazi U-Boats.</span><br /><br /><span>Tom and his wife Rita, 63, both were diagnosed COVID-19 in early March while he was filming Baz Lurhmann's Elvis Presley biopic in Australia.</span><br /><br /><span>The couple were hospitalised for several days and then continued their recovery in quarantine.</span><br /><br /><span>They were eventually given the green light to fly home before to Los Angeles where they continued to self-isolate.</span></p>

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Julia Roberts shares rare photograph with husband Danny Moder

<p><span>Julia Roberts has shared a tribute to her husband, Danny Moder, to celebrate their wedding anniversary.</span><br /><br /><span>The Hollywood heavyweight, 52, posted a loved-up photograph with her hubby on Instagram, captioning it simply “18 years” and the hashtag“#heckyes”.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCOnpCssjou/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CCOnpCssjou/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Julia Roberts (@juliaroberts)</a> on Jul 4, 2020 at 10:24am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><span>Roberts and Moder, 51, first met in 2000 on the set of The Mexican.</span><br /><br /><span>They married two years later, on July 4, at her ranch in New Mexico.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/BxYOJmKApwR/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/BxYOJmKApwR/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by modermoder (@modermoder)</a> on May 12, 2019 at 2:59pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><span>The pair share three children, Henry 12, and 15-year-old twins Phinnaeus and Hazel.</span><br /><br /><span>The Oscar winner and cinematographer are both renowned for their extremely private relationship, but in 2019 Moder shared a small glimpse into their family life in a Mother’s Day tribute to his wife.</span><br /><br /><span>He shared a sweet photo of the Pretty Woman star surrounded by their kids, captioning it: “That pretty mama in</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/Baz5y3-AR26/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/Baz5y3-AR26/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by modermoder (@modermoder)</a> on Oct 28, 2017 at 4:58pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><span><span>In an episode of the Goop podcast in late 2018, the actor described how she experienced a “seismic shift” when she met Moder.</span><br /><br /><span>“That was the first, like, my life will never be the same in the most incredible, indescribable way … He truly, to this day, to this minute, is just my favourite human,” she said.</span><br /><br /><span>“I’m more interested in what he has to say or his point of view just more than anybody. Really, we’re so lucky in that way. We just really, really like each other and we just enjoy each other’s company.”</span></span></p>

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McLeod's Daughter movie just announced 11 years after the TV show

<div class="post_body_wrapper"> <div class="post_body"> <div class="body_text "> <p><em>Mcleod's Daughters</em> creator Posie Graeme-Evans has revealed she's working on a feature film set in the world of the show.</p> <p>The movie is currently in the writing phase after receiving funding from Screen Tasmania and is titled <em>The McLeods of Drovers Run. </em></p> <p>"The story continues," she posted on Instagram. "Yes — it really does... I started writing the story a couple of months ago.</p> <p>"And I promise, as we develop the story with the very talented screenwriter Emma Jensen... that I'll keep you with us every step of the way. We're just at the beginning, the very beginning, but we're on our way.</p> <p>"No promises but I have such a good feeling about this. Hope I'm right," she posted, finishing with a praying emoji.</p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CBh_XCYBlYH/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CBh_XCYBlYH/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Posie Graeme-Evans (@posiewriter)</a> on Jun 17, 2020 at 2:25am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p>According to <em>The Mercury</em>, Tasmanian-based Graeme Evans and her team are set to receive $20,00 for the project as part of the Tasmanian Government's $3.5 million Cultural and Creative Industries Stimulus Package in order to help boost the film industry in the wake of the coronavirus pandemic.</p> <p>Actress Bridie Carter, who played Tess McLeod for six seasons, is delighted by the announcement of a feature film and reposted Graeme Evan's announcement on her Instagram Story.</p> <p>"I have no words, do I dream or is it really happening? We look forward to it and thank you sooo much!!! We are the best family, MD family," she wrote.</p> <p>The cult show ran from 2001 until 2009 on the Nine Network and the much-loved drama almost had a reunion back in 2017. This was scrapped due to "creative differences" which had cut short plans to revive the show.</p> </div> </div> </div>

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Lead actress confirmed for upcoming Princess Diana movie

<p><span>Kristen Stewart has been confirmed to be playing the late Princess Diana in a new film that will explore the breakdown of her marriage.</span><br /><br /><span>Hollywood trade publication Deadline first reported that Stewart, 30, who is best known for her role in the "Twilight Saga" movies, has been cast in the film which will take place over three days in the early 1990s.</span><br /><br /><span>The renowned time was especially remarkable for the royal family as it is when Diana made the bombshell decision to part ways with Charles and remove herself from becoming queen.</span><br /><br /><span>Charles and Diana separated in 1992 and divorced four years later.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B4A7yzZH0yH/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B4A7yzZH0yH/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by Princess Diana🌹 (@dianaremembered)</a> on Oct 24, 2019 at 1:36pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><span>Their breakdown of marriage was an unprecedented move in modern times for an heir to the British throne.</span><br /><br /><span>Diana died in a Paris car crash just five years later after separating from Charles in 1997 at the age of 36.</span><br /><br /><span>The independent movie, to be directed by Chilean Pablo Larrain, is expected to start shooting in 2021.</span></p> <p><img style="width: 500px; height: 281.25px;" src="https://oversixtydev.blob.core.windows.net/media/7836578/kristen-stewart.jpg" alt="" data-udi="umb://media/2a999b36769c492196afd9b42f414f35" /></p> <p><em>Kristen Stewart. Image: Getty </em><br /><br /><span>No casting has been announced for Charles.</span><br /><br /><span>"When someone decides not to be the queen, and says, I’d rather go and be myself, it’s a big big decision, a fairy tale upside down," Larrain told Deadline.</span><br /><br /><span>“How and why do you decide to do that? It’s a great universal story that can reach millions and millions of people, and that’s what we want to do. We want to make a movie that goes wide, connects with a worldwide audience that is interested in such a fascinating life,” he added.</span><br /><br /><span>The movie is set to be titled "Spencer" after Diana's maiden name and is the latest in a string of movies, television series, documentaries and even a Broadway musical about the life of the late princess.</span><br /><br /><span>Larrain said Stewart was a great fit for the part.</span><br /><br /><span>"She can be very mysterious and very fragile and ultimately very strong as well, which is what we need," he told Deadline.</span><br /><br /><span>"I think she’s going to do something stunning and intriguing at the same time."</span></p>

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Australia’s decisive win on plain packaging paves way for other countries to follow suit

<p>The decision, <a href="https://www.wto.org/english/news_e/news20_e/435_441abr_e.htm">handed down on June 9 by the World Trade Organisation’s appeals body</a>, that Australia’s plain packaging tobacco control policy doesn’t flout WTO laws marks the end of almost a decade of legal wrangling over this landmark public health policy. And more importantly, it paves the way for other nations around the world to follow Australia’s lead.</p> <p>In 2012 Australia became the first country in the world to implement <a href="https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/C2011A00148">tobacco plain packaging laws</a>, having recognised that the tobacco industry uses packaging both to market cigarettes and to undermine health warnings.</p> <p>The industry has long acknowledged the powerful role of packaging design in attracting consumers and reinforcing brand image. A <a href="https://www.printinnovationasia.com/single-post/2017/01/18/The-Premiumisation-of-Cigarette-Packaging-in-Indonesia">2017 trade article</a> on the “premiumisation” of cigarettes explained the rationale behind glossy packaging:</p> <p><em>Features such as velvet touch, soft touch, etching, rise and relief can be applied across the surface of the packaging to make the product more impactful and raise customer engagement. The look of the packaging such as intense metallics through the use of foil simulation inks can also give cigarette packaging the luxurious effect and adds on to the premium feel of the product.</em></p> <p>A Cancer Research UK video shows how children react to glossy cigarette packs.</p> <p>The “plain packaging” mandated by Australia’s laws is in fact anything but. It features <a href="https://www.health.gov.au/health-topics/smoking-and-tobacco/tobacco-control/tobacco-plain-packaging">graphic, full-colour health warnings</a> presented on a drab brown background. Brand logos, designs, emblems, and slogans are banned; product brand names remain, but must appear in a standardised font.</p> <p>The result means tobacco packages can no longer serve as mini billboards that make cigarettes look aspirational and desirable.</p> <p><strong>Legal challenges</strong></p> <p>The tobacco industry launched three separate legal challenges to the law. First, JT International and British American Tobacco filed a lawsuit in the Australian High Court. Next, tobacco firm Philip Morris sought legal protection for its packaging designs under an existing investment treaty between Australia and Hong Kong. Finally, the industry filed a dispute through the WTO on behalf of four tobacco-producing countries: Cuba, Honduras, Indonesia and the Dominican Republic.</p> <p>In 2012 the High Court <a href="https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/litigation/decisions/au-20121005-jt-intl.-and-bat-australasia-l">ruled in favour of the Australian government</a>, and in 2015 the investment treaty tribunal <a href="https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/litigation/decisions/au-20151217-philip-morris-asia-v-australia">dismissed Philip Morris Asia’s claim</a>. The WTO also <a href="https://www.reuters.com/article/us-wto-tobacco-ruling/australia-wins-landmark-wto-ruling-on-plain-tobacco-packaging-idUSKBN1JO2BF">ruled in Australia’s favour</a> in 2018, but the Dominican Republic and Honduras appealed.</p> <p>That appeal was denied last week, meaning all legal challenges to Australia’s plain packaging laws have now been finally and decisively overruled – more than a decade after the then Prime Minister Kevin Rudd <a href="https://tobaccolabels.ca/australia-announces-plain-packaging/">first announced the policy</a> in April 2010.</p> <p><strong>No more industry blocking</strong></p> <p>The <a href="https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/dispu_e/435_441abr_conc_e.pdf">WTO’s appeal body agreed</a> plain packaging laws are likely to improve public health and that they are not unfairly restrictive to trade.</p> <p>The appeal was not expected to succeed, so the ruling comes as no surprise. But despite this, legal wrangling has become a <a href="https://untobaccocontrol.org/kh/legal-challenges/court-cases-litigation-policy-brief/">standard tobacco industry practice</a>, particularly through international channels such as the WTO. One reason is because the slow and cumbersome legal process can serve as a deterrent to other countries, who may hold off implementing similar laws until the legal outcome is known.</p> <p>Encouragingly, this stalling tactic seems to be losing its power. Countries such as France, the United Kingdom, Ireland, Norway, and New Zealand have all forged ahead with plain packaging legislation despite the outstanding appeal.</p> <p>Now, however, lower-income countries can also confidently pursue plain packaging measures <a href="https://www.mccabecentre.org/news-and-updates/tobacco-plain-packaging-legal-victory-for-australia.html">without fear of falling foul of the WTO</a>.</p> <p><strong>What next?</strong></p> <p>Australia’s plain packaging law was groundbreaking at the time. But now the tobacco industry has responded with a range of tactics to exploit loopholes and offset the impact on their brands, meaning governments need to come up with yet more countermeasures.</p> <p>Once plain packaging was implemented, the tobacco industry quickly trademarked new brand names, such as Imperial Tobacco’s <a href="https://open.sydneyuniversitypress.com.au/9781743323977/rtec-the-future.html">Peter Stuyvesant + Loosie</a>, which contains 21 cigarettes instead of 20, and advertises the bonus cigarette within the name.</p> <p>Canada’s <a href="https://www.cancer.ca/en/about-us/for-media/media-releases/national/2019/plain-packaging-regulations/?region=qc">plain packaging laws</a>, enacted in February 2020, directly control the size and shape of the cigarettes themselves. For example, the law bans slim cigarettes targeted at young women who associate smoking with slimness and fashion.</p> <p>Widespread plain packaging could also help curb the <a href="https://theconversation.com/big-tobacco-wants-social-media-influencers-to-promote-its-products-can-the-platforms-stop-it-129957">uprise in tobacco marketing via social media influencers</a>. A tobacco pack covered in gruesome disease imagery doesn’t make for inspiring social media content.</p> <p>The WTO upheld Australia’s plain packaging laws because the government had convincing public health research to show the positive impact of plain packaging on public attitudes to smoking.</p> <p>Seen in that light, the decision isn’t just a win for public health. It’s also an encouraging sign that evidence-based policies can defeat even the deepest of corporate pockets.</p> <p><em>Written by Becky Freeman. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/australias-decisive-win-on-plain-packaging-paves-way-for-other-countries-to-follow-suit-140553">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Psycho turns 60 – Hitchcock’s famous fright film broke all the rules

<p>November 1959. Film director <a href="https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0000033/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Alfred Hitchcock</a> is at his commercial and critical peak after the successes of <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0052357/?ref_=nm_knf_i2">Vertigo</a> (1958) and <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0053125/?ref_=nm_knf_i3">North by Northwest</a> (1959). So what does he do next? A black-and-white made-for-TV movie hastily shot, with no big-name actors and a leading actress who takes a shower, and … well, we’ll come to that.</p> <p><a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0054215/?ref_=nm_knf_i1">Psycho</a> (1960) remains Hitchcock’s most celebrated film. But it is really two films, glued together by the most iconic scene in cinema history.</p> <p>Part one is a run-of-the-mill morality tale. Marion Crane (Janet Leigh) steals $40,000 from her Phoenix employee, and goes on the run. Guilt-stricken, she pulls into a deserted motel and chats with the owner, Norman Bates (Anthony Perkins).</p> <p>He seems friendly enough – he makes her sandwiches and talks fondly about his mother – and Marion resolves to return the money.</p> <p>Part two is a whodunnit. Marion’s sister (Vera Miles) and her lover (John Gavin) investigate her disappearance, and trace her steps back to the motel. Soon, they begin to have suspicions about Norman.</p> <p>‘She just goes … a little mad sometimes.’</p> <p><strong>Thriller with a twist</strong></p> <p>A few years earlier, Hitchcock had watched Henri-Georges Clouzot’s 1955 psychological masterpiece <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0046911/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Les Diaboliques</a> and sought out a similar project – a horrific thriller with a twist ending. He read <a href="https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/156427.Psycho">Robert Bloch’s novel Psycho</a> – itself inspired by the real-life <a href="https://www.biography.com/crime-figure/ed-gein">Wisconsin killer Ed Gein</a> – and optioned the film rights.</p> <p>Audiences saw things in Psycho that had never been shown before on screen. A toilet flushing. A murderer who goes unpunished. A post-coital Leigh, lying on a bed, dressed only in white underwear, while Gavin stands topless over her.</p> <p>All of Hitchcock’s trademark obsessions are on show: voyeurism, the dominant matriarchal figure, the blonde heroine, the untrustworthy cop.</p> <p>Over his career, Hitchcock had always flouted Hollywood’s <a href="https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=93301189">Production Code</a>, those rigid rules that had been in place since the 1930s that prohibited onscreen nudity, sex and violence. Nowhere is Hitchcock’s brazen censor-defying clearer than in Psycho’s “shower scene”.</p> <p>Marion steps into the shower, a shadowy figure rips back the curtain, and cinema’s most visceral scene unspools, brutally, before our very eyes.</p> <p>Hitchcock, the master of suspense, never actually shows knife slicing flesh. Everything is implied, through liberal doses of chocolate sauce, hacked watermelons, Bernard Herrmann’s screeching violins, and Leigh’s blood-curdling screams.</p> <p>In one 60-second scene, Hitchcock shatters all the rules. It’s the most famous of all bait and switches: you expect one thing, but get another. Up to that point, no film had killed off its lead character so early in the story (nowadays, such an audacious twist shows up everywhere, from The Lion King to Games of Thrones). As Leigh slides down the blinding white tiles, arm outstretched, a new kind of cinema is born: twisted, shocking, primal.</p> <p><strong>Inventing the cinema event</strong></p> <p>Hitchcock famously ordered cinemas to not let any latecomers into screenings of Psycho, to keep the element of surprise.</p> <p>Previously, cinema-goers could wander into a film midway through, watch the last half, and then stick around for the restart to catch up on what they had missed. When your leading lady is butchered 45 minutes in, the film makes little sense if you arrive late – hence Hitchcock’s decree.</p> <p>While the reviews at the time of its cinema release were lukewarm, cinema as an “event”, as a communal experience shared by hundreds of people in the dark, began. There were queues around the blocks in cities across America as word of mouth grew. Grossing US$32 million (equivalent to A$468 million today) off a budget of US$800,000 (A$12 million today), Psycho made Hitchcock a very wealthy man.</p> <p>Other elements contributed to Psycho’s enduring influence. Saul Bass’s opening credits, all intersecting lines and sans-serif titles, anticipate the film’s fixation with duality and overlap.</p> <p>Budget constraints meant that Bernard Herrmann could only rely on his orchestra’s string section. Even people who have never seen the film instantly recognise his score.</p> <p>And Anthony Perkins, typecast forever after as the nervous mother’s boy with a dark secret, crafts a performance that is both sweetly disarming and deeply unsettling.</p> <p><strong>Psycho sequels</strong></p> <p>Its reputation has only grown since 1960. Critics and audiences remain transfixed by Psycho’s storytelling verve and its queasy tonal shifts (murder mystery to black comedy to horror).</p> <p><a href="https://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-britain/exhibition/turner-prize-1996/turner-prize-1996-artists-douglas-gordon">Douglas Gordon’s 1993 art installation 24 Psycho</a> slowed the film down to last a full day.</p> <p>Douglas Gordon’s 24 Psycho (1993) video installation pays homage to every frame of the film.</p> <p>Academics have had a field day too, from <a href="https://books.google.com.au/books?id=qx9dDwAAQBAJ&amp;lpg=PA4&amp;ots=3sAjXQ_r40&amp;dq=Raymond%20Durgnat%20micro-analysis%20psycho&amp;pg=PP1#v=onepage&amp;q=Raymond%20Durgnat%20micro-analysis%20psycho&amp;f=false">Raymond Durgnat’s lengthy micro-analysis</a> to <a href="https://egs.edu/biography/slavoj-zizek/">Slavoj Žižek</a>’s reading of Bates’s house as an illustration of Freud’s concept of the id, ego and superego.</p> <p>Three progressively sillier sequels were made, as well as a colour <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0155975/?ref_=vp_back">shot-for-shot remake </a>by Gus van Sant in 1998. Brian De Palma’s entire back catalogue pays homage to Hitchcock, with whole sections of <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0070698/?ref_=nm_flmg_dr_30">Sisters</a> (1972) to <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0080661/?ref_=nm_flmg_dr_24">Dressed to Kill</a> (1980) reworking Psycho’s delirious excesses.</p> <p>Psycho’s box office success undoubtedly contributed to Hollywood’s abiding fascination with true-crime stories, serial killers, and slasher films.</p> <p>More recently, the TV prequel series <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt2188671/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Bates Motel</a> ran for four seasons, deepening Norman’s relationship with his mother and tracking his developing mental illness.</p> <p>That series provides a set up for the events at the Bates Motel. Sixty years on, the setting for Psycho continues to exert such a pulsating thrill, even as we watch from behind the sofa.</p> <p><em>Written by Ben McCann. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/psycho-turns-60-hitchcocks-famous-fright-film-broke-all-the-rules-140175">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Gone With the Wind dropped for being racially unjust

<div class="post_body_wrapper"> <div class="post_body"> <div class="body_text "> <p>The classic US film<span> </span>Gone With The Wind<span> </span>has been removed from HBO’s streaming platform due to mass protests worldwide against racism.</p> <p>The Oscar-winning US Civil War epic was released in 1939 and remains the highest-grossing movie of all time.</p> <p>However, its depiction of happy slaves and heroic slaveholders has garnered criticism.</p> <p>“’Gone With The Wind’ is a product of its time and depicts some of the ethnic and racial prejudices that have, unfortunately, been commonplace in American society,” an HBO Max spokesperson said in a statement.</p> <p>“These racist depictions were wrong then and are wrong today, and we felt that to keep this title up without an explanation and a denouncement of those depictions would be irresponsible.”</p> <p>“12 Years A Slave” writer John Ridley said in a Los Angeles Times op-ed Monday that “Gone with the Wind” must be removed as it “doesn’t just ‘fall short’ with regard to representation” but ignores the horrors of slavery and perpetuates “some of the most painful stereotypes of people of colour.”</p> <p>The film will return to the streaming platform at a later date, along with a discussion of its historical context.</p> <p>No edits will be made “because to do otherwise would be the same as claiming these prejudices never existed.”</p> <p>“If we are to create a more just, equitable and inclusive future, we must first acknowledge and understand our history.”</p> <p>It comes after Netflix has pulled British comedy series<span> </span>The Mighty Boosh<span> </span>and<span> </span>The League of Gentlemen<span> </span>for their use of blackface.</p> <p>Netflix also removed four popular Chris Lilley shows from its platform, which were<span> </span>We Can Be Heroes, Summer Heights High, Angry Boys<span> </span>and<span> </span>Jonah From Tonga.</p> <p>Netflix and Chris Lilley are yet to comment.</p> </div> </div> </div>

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Australia’s drive-ins: where you can wear slippers, crack peanuts, and knit ‘to your heart’s content’

<p>We have seen many changes in Australian’s consumption of media during isolation.</p> <p>There has been an <a href="https://thinktv.com.au/news/bvod-viewing-surges-to-monthly-record-as-more-advertisers-embrace-online-tv/">increase</a> in television viewing; cinemas were <a href="https://variety.com/2020/film/asia/coronavirus-australia-orders-cinemas-close-1203541732/">forced</a> to close (although some have crafted a <a href="https://athome.lidocinemas.com.au/page/what-is-at-home/">new approach</a>); Hollywood release dates were <a href="https://www.vanityfair.com/hollywood/2020/03/coronavirus-movie-release-calendar">postponed</a> or shifted to <a href="https://www.esquire.com/entertainment/g31871914/movies-streaming-early-coronavirus/">streaming</a>.</p> <p>Across the world, there was also another surprising change: a resurgence of the drive-in. Attendance in South Korea <a href="https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2020/mar/26/south-korea-booming-drive-ins-in-pictures">boomed</a>. In Germany, you could attend a <a href="https://www.nme.com/news/music/german-club-holds-drive-in-rave-to-circumvent-coronavirus-restrictions-2658551">drive-in rave</a>. In America, there was even drive-in <a href="https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-strip-club-offers-drive-thru-service-during-us-lockdown-11986446">strip-clubs</a>.</p> <p>With rules against “unnecessary travel”, Australia’s drive-in cinemas were forced to close. With a heightened sense of personal need to social distance, even as more cinemas across Australia start to reopen, is it time for the drive-in to shine again?</p> <p><strong>The beginning</strong></p> <p>The drive-in phenomenon <a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20110223234709/http:/www.babyboomercentral.com.au/icons_driveins.htm">began</a> in the United States. Richard M. Hollingshead Junior, whose family owned a chemical plant in New Jersey, initially commenced tests in his driveway in 1928, before opening a drive-in on June 6 1933.</p> <p>It ran for only three years, but was the start of a trend that spread throughout the country – and then the world.</p> <p>Australia’s first drive-in would not open for another 20 years.</p> <p>The first drive-in in Australia, the Skyline, opened February 17 1954, in Burwood, Victoria, with the musical comedy <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0043882/">On the Riviera</a>. The first night created <a href="https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/49416937">traffic jams</a>, as <a href="https://maas.museum/inside-the-collection/2016/02/09/remembering-australias-drive-ins/">2,000 cars</a> vied to gain access to the 600 spaces.</p> <p>The Argus dedicated a <a href="https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/page/1766401">two-page feature</a> to the opening, calling it:</p> <p><em>probably the most interesting development in entertainment here since the advent of sound pictures, the drive-in theatre provides the ultimate in relaxation and comfort for movie patrons.</em></p> <p>Unlike the cinema, said The Argus, there was no need to dress-up: slippers and shorts were fine. Drive-in patrons could smoke, crack peanuts, and knit “to your heart’s content”.</p> <p>Not everyone was happy with the introduction of the drive-in in their neighbourhood. Later that same year, a resident of Ascot Vale <a href="https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/23431367?searchTerm=drivein&amp;searchLimits=l-decade=195">wrote</a> to The Argus against a local screen:</p> <p><em>Surely the experience of people in the Burwood district should be sufficient to prevent similar mistakes being made in other districts. The place for these latest improvements in our cultural life is well beyond outer boundaries.</em></p> <p><strong>The rise …</strong></p> <p>Within a year from the opening of the Burwood Skyline, another three drive-ins in Victoria and one South Australia opened. Within 10 years, the number reached 230 across the country. At its <a href="https://maas.museum/inside-the-collection/2016/02/09/remembering-australias-drive-ins/">peak</a> there were 330 drive-ins in Australia.</p> <p>The uptake and success of drive-ins in Australia corresponded with the <a href="https://chartingtransport.com/2011/08/07/trends-in-car-ownership/">increase</a> in car ownership in Australia. As more people owned cars, the whole family – even kids in pyjamas – could jump in and enjoy a night out. Parents didn’t need to find a babysitter, nor worry about their kids disturbing other patrons.</p> <p>I have fond memories of growing up during the 1980s and 90s in Shepparton, Victoria, and attending the <a href="https://www.myshepparton.com.au/drive-in-theatre.html">Twilight Drive-in Theatre</a>. I vividly remember the large white screen at the front with the playground directly underneath, and the kiosk in the middle of the lot. And who can forget the large <a href="https://collection.maas.museum/object/160821">speaker</a> you had to attach to the window?</p> <p>But, like many, the Twilight Drive-in closed to make way for a shopping centre.</p> <p><strong>… and the fall</strong></p> <p>There is no one villain we can point to in the downfall of drive-in popularity.</p> <p>In the 1970s, there was a new addition to TV: colour. Australia had one of the the <a href="https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/223584982?q=Invention+to+Institution%3A++A+Comparative+Historical+Analysis+of+Television+across+Three+National+Sites&amp;c=book&amp;sort=holdings+desc&amp;_=1591659253520&amp;versionId=249549460">fastest</a> uptakes of colour television, taking a third of the time compared to the United States to reach a 60% saturation rate. The rise of the VCR in the 1980s allowed even greater flexibility in viewing films at home.</p> <p>Daylight savings was <a href="https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-09-18/daylight-saving---still-arguing-about-it-50-years-on/10265160">also introduced</a> in the 1970s, restricting the hours drive-ins could operate during the summer.</p> <p>Drive-ins were affordable to run because they were generally on the suburban fringe. As Australia’s cities grew, land value <a href="https://books.google.com.au/books?id=gWuMYKzvnOEC&amp;printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&amp;q=drive%20land&amp;f=false">also increased</a>; using this land for a cinema was a less attractive proposition than development.</p> <p>There are now just 16 drive-ins running across Australia, and <a href="https://www.cnbc.com/2020/05/15/drive-in-movie-theaters-have-revived-in-the-coronavirus-pandemic.html">only 30</a> in the United States – down from their peak of over 4,000.</p> <p><strong>A viral resurgence?</strong></p> <p>The Yatala Drive-in on the outskirts of the Gold Coast <a href="https://mailchi.mp/fivestarcinemas.com.au/movies-are-back-on-yatala-drive-in-open-this-weekend?e=a03cb88b05">reopened</a> in early May. More recently, the Lunar Drive-in in Dandenong reopened on June 1. Even in the pouring Melbourne rain – normally a sure sign people will stay away – the <a href="https://www.theage.com.au/culture/movies/australia-s-drive-ins-have-the-chance-to-shine-even-in-pouring-rain-20200601-p54yfh.html">audience came</a>.</p> <p>As our lives begin to return to “normal”, and more states and territories allow people to return to indoor cinemas, will drive-in attendance continue? I hope so. Experiencing media across different screens provides us with new experiences and new memories which can be far greater than just the film on the screen.</p> <p>Drive-ins offer us a glance into Australian history, a hit of nostalgia, and, of course, the simple act reviving our love of the silver screen.</p> <p><em>Written by Marc C-Scott. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/australias-drive-ins-where-you-can-wear-slippers-crack-peanuts-and-knit-to-your-hearts-content-139876">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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International film archives are streaming up a storm during lockdown: Australia’s movie trove isn’t even online

<p><a href="https://www.cinetecamilano.it/">Cineteca Milano</a> is renowned for its silent film holdings. With a collection of more than 35,000 Italian and international films dating back to the 1890s, it was both coincidental and fortuitous that, in December 2019, the archive began digitalisation.</p> <p>Part of a national <a href="http://www.cinema.beniculturali.it/Notizie/5188/66/contributi-per-il-piano-di-digitalizzazione-anno-2018/">digitalisation program</a>, the Cineteca decided rather than merely deposit their digitised materials into the holdings of the Cineteca Nazionale in Rome, they would release films online.</p> <p>Matteo Pavesi, the director of the Cineteca Italiana, tells me they wanted to “make our oldest archival materials visible; we wanted to publish these holdings for everyone to enjoy”.</p> <p>Since the Cineteca was shut in February, Cineteca’s staff of six have been releasing 20 films a week on their free streaming service.</p> <p>Pre-coronavirus, Cineteca Milano attracted around 300 users to its site each day.</p> <p>In March, the online archive attracted more than 4 million users.</p> <p><strong>Saving history</strong></p> <p>Film archives began to <a href="https://www.fiafnet.org/pages/History/FIAF-Timeline.html">be established in 1933</a> as archivists realised films needed to be safeguarded for their own sake, rather than for military or religious purposes.</p> <p>Nitrate film used from the early 1890s through the mid-1950s, and magnetic tape used from the mid-1940s to the early 2000s, cannot survive the test of time. So, in addition to managing storage environments, archives <a href="https://www.nfsa.gov.au/corporate-information/publications/deadline-2025">preserve films digitally</a>.</p> <p>Commercial streaming services offer access to films, but they do not ensure this content is stored, saved and contextualised. They are not custodians of history or culture. Archives ensure recordings of the past remain meaningfully embedded in our contemporary life.</p> <p>In a time when the audiovisual is our primary mode of communication, the archive as an institution protecting and championing our shared history is more important than ever.</p> <p><strong>Making history</strong></p> <p>Since the <a href="https://www.bfi.org.uk/">British Film Institute</a> (BFI) shut its London doors on March 17, Bryony Dixon, their curator of silent film, tells me they have seen a 200% increase in online traffic.</p> <p>Short, punchy films are popular, and Dixon says these early silent films are like TikTok: “designed to just go ‘Here I am, I look at this’”.</p> <p>The BFI is also working to document the period of the COVID-19 crisis.</p> <p><a href="https://www.bfi.org.uk/archive-collections/archive-projects/britain-on-lockdown">Britain on Lockdown</a> asks the public to send in videos to chart the national development of the coronavirus crisis.</p> <p><a href="https://www.bfi.org.uk/news-opinion/news-bfi/announcements/these-hands-michael-rosen-poem-nhs">These Are The Hands</a> is a short and emotive found-footage film using archival public health movies and contemporary footage of NHS staff. We see hands touching the newborn, the young, the aged, the disabled, and the sick. At every stage of our lives, the film reminds us health-care workers are essential.</p> <p>These Are The Hands was released the day I spoke with Dixon.</p> <p>“There won’t be a dry eye in the house,” she says. “It is very powerful.”</p> <p><strong>A quiet archive</strong></p> <p>While use of these archives in Milan and London has increased under lockdown, Australia’s <a href="https://www.nfsa.gov.au/">National Film and Sound Archive</a> (NFSA) has not seen a significant change.</p> <p>Meg Labrum, general manager of collections, tells me in Europe people “appreciate, celebrate, use, know about their archive”.</p> <p>In Australia, she says the film archive is “a kind of interesting, slightly odd, cultural provider”.</p> <p>Although the NFSA has a significant collection in Canberra, it does not release 20 films a week like the Milan archive, nor does it boast a dedicated streaming service like the BFI.</p> <p>The NFSA’s online presence is focused on curation, rather than the delivery of streaming material. It frames small samples of screen content into topical themes and exhibitions. With rare exception, users cannot watch films, but they can (for example) listen to producers Jocelyn Moorhouse and Lynda House speak about <a href="https://www.nfsa.gov.au/collection/curated/muriels-wedding">the making</a> of Muriel’s Wedding.</p> <p>Australia was once the <a href="https://apnews.com/e8187ca922bbc63541581ace1535a769">end-of-the-line</a> for global film distribution. Films sent around the globe for viewing would often remain in Australia – it made no financial sense to return bulky film reels to their country of origin. This means the NFSA has an internationally important collection, including items such as the most complete version of the French actress <a href="https://wfpp.columbia.edu/pioneer/sarah-bernhardt/">Sarah Bernhardt</a>’s Camille (1911).</p> <p>As a film historian, I am frustrated by <a href="https://online.ucpress.edu/fmh/article/2/1/135/106359/Interview-in-Melbourne-with-Meg-Labrum-National">licensing issues</a> in Australia blocking our access to film heritage. Local copyright laws and an aversion to copyright risks have meant these <a href="http://www.unswlawjournal.unsw.edu.au/article/digital-access-the-impact-of-copyright-on-digitisation-practices-in-australian-museums-galleries-libraries-and-archives/">legal issues</a> seem to haunt the NFSA far more than they do in comparable institutions abroad.</p> <p>With staff working from home, Labrum sees the COVID-19 crisis consolidating the NFSA’s drive towards the digital: “an experiment […] testing just how far we can keep the collection open in a purely existing digital content context.”</p> <p>While not streaming films, the NFSA has nevertheless focused on digital preservation, continuing the digitisation of magnetic tapes during shutdown.</p> <p><strong>Films to the people</strong></p> <p>Two days after our interview, Dixon was put on furlough, her pay reduced by 20% and unsure about her future employment. For now, her team “split work. […] We’ll cover a skeleton service”.</p> <p>But she remains optimistic about the impact of COVID-19 on the BFI and its operations.</p> <p>The pandemic has “proved the worth of digitising material and putting it online in a massive way,” she says.</p> <p>“If it means that the people don’t go to the films, we need to take the films to the people.”</p> <p>The increased traffic to the BFI and Cineteca Milano shows there is a want to engage with our film histories – coronavirus makes obvious how hampered Australians are in the access to ours.</p> <p> </p> <p><em>Written by Victoria Duckett. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/international-film-archives-are-streaming-up-a-storm-during-lockdown-australias-movie-trove-isnt-even-online-137169">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Coughs on film and the fine but deadly art of foreshadowing

<p>Movie characters – like Greek heroes – are typically faster, stronger, braver and better looking than those of us in the audience who stare on in admiration. We watch as obstacles are overcome and goals achieved, attracted by the <a href="https://libres.uncg.edu/ir/asu/f/Bazzini_Doris_1999_Are_the_Beautiful_Good_in_Hollywood.pdf">beauty and goodness</a> in the cinematic story world.</p> <p>But, should movie characters cough as they go about their extraordinary business, you can just about guarantee they will be dead before the end of the film. The screen cough, it seems, is fatal.</p> <p>In the time of COVID-19, the screen cough takes on new significance. A low budget Canadian film <a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-us-canada-52232382/coronavirus-seven-people-stuck-in-a-lift-then-one-coughs">made early this year</a> is thought to be the first movie about coronavirus. It features a woman getting into a lift with others and the confrontations that ensue when she starts coughing.</p> <p><strong>More than a tickle</strong></p> <p>From Marguerite Gauthier (played by Greta Garbo) in the 1936 movie <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0028683/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Camille</a>, to Boris Shcherbina (Stellan Skarsgard) in the HBO series <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt7366338/?ref_=nv_sr_srsg_0">Chernobyl</a> (2019), coughing on screen has deadly significance.</p> <p>In the dramatic opening moments of the first episode of <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt4786824/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">The Crown</a> (2016), there is only darkness and silence … until we hear the sound of a dreadful hacking cough. Fade in to reveal King George V (Jared Harris, who also coughed in Chernobyl) in his bathroom, looking concerned. He coughs some more. Terribly sorry, your Majesty, but you’ll be dead before the end of Episode 2.</p> <p>Satine (Nicole Kidman) coughs in Moulin Rouge (2000)</p> <p>Nicole Kidman, as Satine in Baz Luhrmann’s <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0203009/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Moulin Rouge</a> (2001) coughs on page 35 of the screenplay. Well, she has been singing and dancing vigorously in front of Christian (Ewen McGregor) in a steamy Parisian nightclub, so perhaps it’s just a question of fitness.</p> <p>“Oh, these silly costumes” she says to those gathered around her, in an attempt to explain her breathlessness. But it’s neither the clothes nor the exertion: the screen cough means she is doomed to die 83 pages later, in her lover’s arms, afflicted like Garbo’s Marguerite with tuberculosis.</p> <p>The <a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mijaVWfKhKU">sound of a cough opens</a> Steven Soderbergh’s 2011 film <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt1598778/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Contagion</a>, currently one of the world’s <a href="https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/03/06/contagion-streaming/">top streaming titles</a>.</p> <p>That cough belongs to Beth Emhoff (Gwyneth Paltrow) and, sure enough, she doesn’t make it very far into the movie. The virus that takes her to an early screen grave also infects Erin Mears (Kate Winslet) who coughs while on the phone to her boss (Laurence Fishbourne). His look is enough to confirm our fears and within a few scenes her lifeless form is being zipped into a body bag.</p> <p>Erin Mears (Kate Winslet) coughs in Contagion (2011).</p> <p>Many others have succumbed to the <a href="https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/IncurableCoughOfDeath">incurable screen cough of death</a>, including even Yoda in <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0086190/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Return of the Jedi</a> (1983). To be fair, Yoda is 900 years old and knows he’s about to die. “Soon,” he splutters to Luke Skywalker, “I will rest. Yes, forever sleep” and promptly becomes one with the Force.</p> <p><strong>Selling it</strong></p> <p>The screen cough is a phenomenon so well known by screenwriters that it’s become the subject of parody. Mitchell &amp; Webb played with the trope in a BBC sketch named The Man Who Has A Cough And It’s Just A Cough And He’s Fine in 2008.</p> <p>Alec Baldwin went one step further on Saturday Night Live in 2009 with an actors studio-style breakdown on how to sell your impending death effectively, starting with the fateful cough. The <a href="https://snltranscripts.jt.org/08/08pcoughs.phtml">sketch</a> – First Coughs: Mastering the Art of Foreshadowing Your Character’s Death – starts with step one: say “it’s only a cold”. Sometime later, the actor should emphatically state, “I don’t need any damn doctors!”. The final step is complex but mightily effective: “cough into a handkerchief, notice that there’s blood on it, look around nervously, then quickly shove it back in your pocket and hurry on your way”.</p> <p>When I see these send-ups, of course I laugh, but with a tinge of resentment: parody is both celebration and humiliation. I can’t help but think that I’ll never again be able to see the beautiful &amp; dramatic subtlety of a well placed screen cough without a snigger.</p> <p>The Man Who Has A Cough And It’s Just A Cough And He’s Fine (2008)</p> <p><strong>Smoke signals</strong></p> <p>The art of signalling a future event in narration is a literary device apparent in the earliest ancient stories. It comes in many forms, from prophesy, dreams and omens to portents and apprehensions.</p> <p>In the 4000-year-old poetic work, <a href="https://theconversation.com/guide-to-the-classics-the-epic-of-gilgamesh-73444">Epic of Gilgamesh</a>, dreams predict the hero’s victorious battle with a great bull as well as his friend’s tragic death. Early in Sophocles’s play <a href="https://www.britannica.com/topic/Oedipus-Rex-play-by-Sophocles">Oedipus Rex</a>, a blind prophet riddles the truth of the story to come. The Bible is full of prophecy, none more memorable than Jesus’s prediction in The Gospel of John that one of his disciples would betray him.</p> <p>Driven by our need for certainty, we value knowing what may lie ahead. Facing open time, with all its possibilities, takes courage and – from budgets to prayers – we seek to gain a sense of control over our future. It’s unsurprising that we find pleasure in stories where foreshadowing signals what will happen, from storytellers who sneak the future into the present.</p> <p>The ability to manipulate the direction of time is fundamental to sophisticated narration. Merely explaining what happens next – the way time works in real life – is not enough when it comes to entertainment. There’s nothing more tedious than a story that proceeds along the lines of “this happens, then this, then this” and so on. Novelist E. M. Forster – who wrote A Room with a View, Howard’s End and A Passage to India – famously <a href="http://publications.anveshanaindia.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/NARRATIVE-TECHNIQUE-IN-LITERATURE-WITH-REFERENCE-TO-E-M-FORSTER%E2%80%99S-WORKS.pdf">decreed</a> that this kind of primitive narration causes listeners to fall asleep or rise up to kill the storyteller.</p> <p>To avoid such a fate, skilled narrators use foreshadowing to create tension, build anticipation and hook the audience into a belief that there’s something of interest to follow. We instinctively know that everything in a story has been planned and the author has determined the destiny of each character, so we intuitively look for the signs and the structures that will take us towards closure, including moments of foreshadowing.</p> <p>They can be subtle and poetic (a storm or a shooting star), psychological (a character worrying about something that has yet to be revealed) or concrete, like the appearance of a deadly weapon. But common to all these forms of foreshadowing is that we see them as the future pointing backwards. The grief to come has caused the present storm; bad news the anxiety; the body at the end of the film requires the gun at the start.</p> <p><a href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DPFsuc_M_3E">Alfred Hitchcock</a> knew only too well the importance of being able to play with time. Imagine four people seated at a table having a conversation about football for five minutes, when suddenly a bomb goes off. That’s five minutes of boredom followed by a surprise. What’s in it for the audience, says Hitchcock, is only “ten seconds of shock”. But take the same scene and show the audience the bomb at the beginning, and the conversation about football becomes an exercise in suspense and high anxiety.</p> <p>Orson Welles plays out this idea in the famous opening scene of Touch of Evil (1958), showing us a bomb set to go off in three minutes. It’s then hidden in the boot of a car that moves erratically through a busy crowd. We hold our breath wondering where the car will be when the time is up.</p> <p>Opening Scene of Touch of Evil (1958)</p> <p><strong>The cough is a timebomb</strong></p> <p>The screen cough is also the ticking of a bomb, leaving both character and audience unsure when it will go off. One of the most dramatic screen coughs occurs in <a href="https://www.imdb.com/title/tt5027774/?ref_=fn_al_tt_1">Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri</a> (2017). It’s revealed early in the movie that police chief Willoughby (Woody Harrelson) has terminal pancreatic cancer, but it’s a brutal shock when he violently coughs blood over Mildred Hayes (Francis McDormand).</p> <p>In a strangely poignant sequence, writer/director Martin McDonagh opts for Willoughby to take his own life rather than let the disease run its course: he knows what lies ahead after that dreadful coughing incident.</p> <p>Storytellers have a delicate balancing act to maintain when it comes to foreshadowing. Too oblique or poetic and the audience struggles to see the connection between the signalling moment and the signalled event, or perhaps only recognises it retrospectively. Because the screen cough is linked to both a specific individual (the sufferer) and a specific outcome (death), it’s necessary to be subtle when using it as a narrative device.</p> <p>Perhaps we are now beyond subtlety. The combination of our current hyper-vigilance of respiratory symptoms and the increasing awareness of the function of the screen cough, risks it becoming a dreadful cliche, a trope in need of a innovative makeover. Like the good guys wearing white hats in Westerns, and detectives smoking excessively in <em>film noir</em>, it may just be time to give the screen cough a breather.</p> <p><em>Written by Simon Weaving. Republished with permission of <a href="https://theconversation.com/friday-essay-coughs-on-film-and-the-fine-but-deadly-art-of-foreshadowing-135697">The Conversation.</a> </em></p>

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Escaping the Palace: Harry and Meghan to be the subjects of a third Lifetime movie

<p><span>The Duke and Duchess of Sussex's highly publicised royal exit is getting its very own Lifetime movie after it was revealed by the network that they intend to make a third tele-film about the couple’s life together.</span><br /><br /><span>The film aims to chronicle the events of Meghan and Harry’s announcement to step down as senior royal members.</span><br /><br /><span>The made-for-TV movie will, of course, present a fictional account of “the couple's controversial conscious uncoupling from the crown, after the birth of their son Archie,” as said by TVLine.</span><br /><br /><span>“The movie details the struggles of the new parents and unique challenges of being part of the royal family, which ultimately led Harry and Meghan to give up their royal ties to forge a new life on their own terms.”</span><br /><br /><span>However, despite the green light to go ahead with the project, there has been no information on casting, likely due to the coronavirus pandemic and associated restrictions.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/CABkPVgK40W/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/CABkPVgK40W/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by _Meghan_Markle_fan (@_meghan_markle_fan)</a> on May 10, 2020 at 3:41pm PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><em>Harry &amp; Meghan: Escaping the Palace</em><span> will follow Lifetime's last two movies about the couple: </span><em>Harry &amp; Meghan: A Royal Romance<span> </span></em><span>and </span><em>Harry &amp; Meghan: Becoming Royal</em><span>.</span><br /><br /><span>The first film was announced in January 2018 — just under two months after Harry, 35, and Meghan, 38, announced their engagement — and aired that May, five days before their royal wedding.</span><br /><br /><span>Parisa Fitz-Henley and Murray Fraser played Meghan and Harry in the first biopic, showed how the pair fell in love from their first date in 2016 to their engagement in November 2017.</span><br /><br /><span>Actress Tiffany Smith played the Duchess of Sussex, while British star Charlie Field took on the role of the Duke of Sussex in the second film which looked at their lives after marriage and aired in May 2019.</span><br /><br /><span>The Duke and Duchess of Sussex shook not only the world but the royal family on January 8 when they revealed on Instagram that they were going to step back as senior royals, become financially independent, and split their time between North America and the United Kingdom.</span><br /><br /><span>It was reported at the time that no member from The Firm were made aware of Harry and Meghan’s announcement.</span></p>

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Life of Pi actor dies at 53

<p><span>Indian Bollywood heavyweight Irrfan Khan, who starred in movies that broke through to the western cinematic barrier and made its own place among some of the great classics, including Slumdog Millionaire and Life of Pi, has passed away at the age of 53.</span><br /><br /><span>Khan’s death was confirmed on Wednesday in a brief statement given by a spokesman.</span><br /><br /><span>“He fought the many battles that came with it,” the spokesman said, referring to the diagnosis of Khan’s rare cancer in 2018.</span><br /><br /><span>He was diagnosed with a neuroendocrine tumour in 2018 and underwent extensive treatment in London.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B_ksvwPhKNB/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B_ksvwPhKNB/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by DesiBolly (@desibolly)</a> on Apr 29, 2020 at 10:41am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><span>Khan became one of the first Indian actors to make a name for himself in western cinema and was soon considered a legend in Bollywood.</span><br /><br /><span>The star had Hollywood success in “Jurassic World”, “The Amazing Spider-Man”, “The Namesake” and “Inferno”.</span><br /><br /><span>After being diagnosed with cancer, he became well enough to shoot for his last film, Angrezi Medium, which was unfortunately cut short when the coronavirus spread.</span><br /><br /><span>Khan was admitted into intensive care on Tuesday at Mumbai’s Kokilaben hospital with a colon infection.</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B_kseHCFRuE/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B_kseHCFRuE/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by FIlmoment (@filmoment)</a> on Apr 29, 2020 at 10:35am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><span>The star was born Sahabzade Irfan Ali Khan in the western desert state of Rajasthan, into a family that had no ties to cinema.</span><br /><br /><span>He recalled in interviews that he and his siblings were not permitted to watch movies as children</span><br /><br /><span>The only exception was when a visiting uncle took them to the theatre.</span><br /><br /><span>“An incredible talent,” Bollywood superstar said of Amitabh Bachchan, among the numerous tributes on Twitter.</span><br /><br /><span>“A gracious colleague. A prolific contributor to the world of cinema .. left us too soon creating a huge vacuum.”</span></p> <blockquote style="background: #FFF; border: 0; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 1px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.5),0 1px 10px 0 rgba(0,0,0,0.15); margin: 1px; max-width: 540px; min-width: 326px; padding: 0; width: calc(100% - 2px);" class="instagram-media" data-instgrm-permalink="https://www.instagram.com/p/B_knsbRjnFv/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" data-instgrm-version="12"> <div style="padding: 16px;"> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: row; align-items: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 50%; flex-grow: 0; height: 40px; margin-right: 14px; width: 40px;"></div> <div style="display: flex; flex-direction: column; flex-grow: 1; justify-content: center;"> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; margin-bottom: 6px; width: 100px;"></div> <div style="background-color: #f4f4f4; border-radius: 4px; flex-grow: 0; height: 14px; width: 60px;"></div> </div> </div> <div style="padding: 19% 0;"></div> <div style="display: block; height: 50px; margin: 0 auto 12px; width: 50px;"></div> <div style="padding-top: 8px;"> <div style="color: #3897f0; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: 550; line-height: 18px;">View this post on Instagram</div> </div> <p style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; line-height: 17px; margin-bottom: 0; margin-top: 8px; overflow: hidden; padding: 8px 0 7px; text-align: center; text-overflow: ellipsis; white-space: nowrap;"><a style="color: #c9c8cd; font-family: Arial,sans-serif; font-size: 14px; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal; line-height: 17px; text-decoration: none;" rel="noopener" href="https://www.instagram.com/p/B_knsbRjnFv/?utm_source=ig_embed&amp;utm_campaign=loading" target="_blank">A post shared by good movie quotes (@gofites)</a> on Apr 29, 2020 at 9:53am PDT</p> </div> </blockquote> <p><br /><span>Director Karan Johar, wrote, “Thank you for raising the bar as an artist … Thank you for enriching our cinema… We will miss you terribly, Irrfan.”</span><br /><br /><span>Khan is survived by his wife Sutapa and sons Babil and Ayan.</span></p>

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